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Changing Roles of Women in the Agriculture          Sector in South Asia:      Challenges and Opportunities          Kamal...
Population Structure in Asia, 1970-2050   80+  75-79         Male       Female             Male        Female             ...
Age of farm household in Bangladesh      Indicators                        1988    2000     2010      Age of HH head farme...
Rural out-migration, Bangladesh                                    30                                    25       Person p...
Implications on Gender
Gender Differences in Agricultural Labor, Bangladesh                       1999 to 2006Source: Labor Force Survey, 1999 to...
Lets reminisce a bit ........
Implication of Labor Saving Technology
Labor allocation: Person-days/acre used in rice                                 cultivation                               ...
Bangladesh, Aman/wet season, 2008 (n=487)     Rice activity                                 Family                 Hired  ...
Future Outlook and Direction•   Aging farmers and labor scarcity•   Increasing roles of women in agriculture sector•   Inn...
Gender integration:An example from CSISA-BD project
Result of Gender Integration in CSISA-BD    Research and innovation process          Delivery of technologies and         ...
23  25 jan 2013 csisa kathmandu gender kamala
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23 25 jan 2013 csisa kathmandu gender kamala

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23 25 jan 2013 csisa kathmandu gender kamala

  1. 1. Changing Roles of Women in the Agriculture Sector in South Asia: Challenges and Opportunities Kamala Gurung, Ph.D. CSISA-Phase II Objective-1 Preparation Meeting January 23 to 25, 2013
  2. 2. Population Structure in Asia, 1970-2050 80+ 75-79 Male Female Male Female Male Female 70-74 65-69 60-64 55-59 50-54 45-49 40-44 35-39 30-34 25-29 20-24 15-19 10-14 5-9 0-4 20 10 0 10 20 15 5 5 15 15 5 5 15 1970 2010 2050Source: Bhandari, 2012
  3. 3. Age of farm household in Bangladesh Indicators 1988 2000 2010 Age of HH head farmer (yr) 44 47 52 Age of farming population (yr) 38 42 46Source: Panel data, VDSA-IRRI project
  4. 4. Rural out-migration, Bangladesh 30 25 Person per 1000 population 20 15 10 5 0 1987 2005 1985 1989 1991 1993 1995 1997 1999 2001 2003 2007 2009Source: Panel data, VDSA-IRRI project, 2012
  5. 5. Implications on Gender
  6. 6. Gender Differences in Agricultural Labor, Bangladesh 1999 to 2006Source: Labor Force Survey, 1999 to 2006
  7. 7. Lets reminisce a bit ........
  8. 8. Implication of Labor Saving Technology
  9. 9. Labor allocation: Person-days/acre used in rice cultivation Bangladesh India Nepal Farm HHs classification Dinajpur Bihar ChitwanSmall 42.4 55.1 78.0Medium 46.0 20.0 67.2Large 47.0 11.1 65.0Source: Baseline survey, CSISA-Phase I
  10. 10. Bangladesh, Aman/wet season, 2008 (n=487) Rice activity Family Hired Total Labor allocation Male Female Male FemaleLand preparation 7.4 0.1 5.7 0.1 13.3 for rice byCrop establishmentCrop care 5.6 13 0.4 1 18.8 15.8 2.5 7.6 27.3 37.4 gender (days/ha)Harvesting 5.8 0.7 17.4 0.4 24.3Post-harvest 7.3 10.4 4.7 1.9 24.3 All Activities 39.1 12.6 62.4 12.5 126.6 Assam, India, Kharif season, 2008 (n=200) Family Hired Rice activity Total Male Female Male Female Land preparation 8.4 0 5.5 0 13.9 Crop establishment 0 9.3 0.1 6.8 16.2 Crop care 10.1 0 0.3 0 10.4 Source: Data from SSD-IRRI , 2008 Harvesting 0.1 9.4 0 7.6 17.1 Post-harvest 8.4 8.2 4.2 1.1 21.9 All Activities 27 26.9 10.1 15.5 79.5 Nepal, Wet season, 2008 (n=257) Family Hired Total Male Female Male Female Land preparation 12.7 4 12.1 2.3 31.1 Crop establishment 6.6 15.4 4.7 13.7 40.4 Crop care 17.7 23.2 7.3 15,0 63.2 Harvesting 7.8 12.5 4.8 8.7 33.8 Post-harvest 12.5 11.2 13.6 7.8 45.1 All Activities 57.3 66.3 42.5 32.5 213.6
  11. 11. Future Outlook and Direction• Aging farmers and labor scarcity• Increasing roles of women in agriculture sector• Innovative approach to work and reach with the women farmers• Labor saving technology demand: mechanization and other RCT technologies• Mechanization and other RCT technologies must be women and smallholders friendly technologies• Mechanization intervention and investment must address apart from present emphasis on mainly land preparation
  12. 12. Gender integration:An example from CSISA-BD project
  13. 13. Result of Gender Integration in CSISA-BD Research and innovation process Delivery of technologies and Planning and Management Unit (e.g. Adaptive research trials) services (planning, M & E) Access to and benefit from the Targeting number of Involvement of rice related intervention/activities (e.g. women/men during the planning men and women farmers in technologies, trainings, field days) process the on-farm research innovation process Result based output: Status: Result based output: •Women participation is higher in farmer Developed “action planning format “ by Gender and socio-economic training than field days/cross visit, targeting gender disaggregation analysis and integration participatory demonstration almost silent and invisible Gender disaggregation in •Very minimal participation of women in Monitoring and Evaluation framework Improved cropping system Training/workshop for partner organizations Rice-legumes/oil seed-rice (NGOs, Gos) Status: Selective women headed HHs • 50 % women participated in post-harvest Looking forward for your suggestions and advice! related interventions/activities “performance measurement format” by gender disaggregation (Monitoring system)• Common agro/socio-ecoinformation sheet of three CGcenters•Rapid performance survey/Exit •Baseline survey •Register information sheetsurvey (individual center) •Planning format Group approach initiatives •Progress report format Individual: Infolady model

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