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Engaging with SHGs: ILRIs exampleof leveraging existing social capital to reach under-served farmers. CSISA Objective 1 Planning Meeting Kathmandu, Nepal 23 - 25 January, 2013 Arindam Samaddar, Nils Teufel, Michael Bluemmel, Iain Wright, Purvi Mehta International Livestock Research Institute
ILRI CSISA ActivitiesCSISA I – Better integration of livestock in the cereal system through residue use efficiencyField based• Development of feeding strategy - Effective utilization of used and underutilized straw (different crops) into feeding trials• Training on feeds and feeding of dairy animals• Data collection of farmers perception on straw and stover qualityLaboratory based• Analysis of straw in coordination with research platformCSISA II – Up scaling interventions and training
Bihar CSISA-ILRI Activities• Feed assessment• Analysis of nutritional balance in dairy ration• Develop feeding strategy• Training on feeds and feeding of dairy animals (emphasis on under and non utilized residues as feed)• Balanced feeding trial: improved feed
Bihar approach• Collaboration with PACS for farmer led experimental feeding trial• Looking for options to include women in different activities• Inclusion of women with the help of SHG, milk producer samiti and PACS
Present status• Lakshmi Alp Bachat SHG: leading improved feed preparation and distribution• 400 farmers participated from 21 PACS and 31 SHGs – 109 women farmers – 255 farmers purchasing new feed – 72 farmers adopted outside trials – 142 women participated in training – 64 farmers adopted new practice after training• More demand of new improved feed : impossible to handle by manual mixing
On-going work plan• Main collaboration with SHGs – Finding facts and figures of SHGs • 2000 SHGs in Samastipur district: NABARD, NGOs, Foundations, Mithila Milk Union, Banks, welfare departments • Major activities: Dairy, Goatry, Poultry, tailoring, bee keeping • But only 1250 SHGs are active • 9 out 31 is operating with Bank – Current strategy • Choosing best SHGs: Business plans and support establishing Mixer grinder for feed manufacturing • Arrangements of revolving funds to meet the demand • Technical backstopping from CSISA • Exit strategy within 30 months • Reviving non-active SHGs• Expanding other block and district with SHGs – Tajpur block [50(29Active)] of Samastipur & Muraul block [205(15Active)] of Muzaffarpur • Finding potential SHGs: Jeevika, Kisan Club, COMFED, Bank
Scope• Identify potential SHGs – capacity, interest• Developing business plans and innovation platform for technology prioritization, upscaling and outscaling activities: – Holistic approach: crop-livestock integration in the mixed farming system – Smallholder households – Targeting gender – Targeting scale