11 July SSD IRRI Meet CSSIA

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Mapping Crop intensity and characterization of stress prone areas using Remote sensing
Remote sensing and GIS analysis

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11 July SSD IRRI Meet CSSIA

  1. 1. Mapping Crop intensity and characterization of stress prone areas using Remote sensing Remote sensing and GIS analysis Murali Krishna Gumma CSISA
  2. 2. Objectives Datasets Mapping methods Results ConclusionsResults: cropping pattern of Odisha Legend Districts Rice classes 01. Rainfed-SC-kharif-winter-rice 02. Rainfed-supplemental-SC-kharif-winter-rice 03. Rainfed-SC-kharif-winter-rice (mixed other crops) 04. Irrigated-SW-SC-kharif-winter-rice 05. Irrigated-SW/GW-SC-kharif-winter-rice 06. Irrigated-SW/GW-DC-kharif-autumn & summer-rice 07. Irrigated-SW/GW-TC-kharif-autumn-winter & summer-rice Other classes
  3. 3. Results: cropping pattern of Odisha Kharif-autumn (2010-11) Kharif-winter (2010-11) Rabi-summer (2010-11) LegendTotal kharif-autumn-Irrigated-rice (class 6,7) 884,292 ha DistrictsKharif-winter-rainfed rice (classes 1,2 and 3) 2,408,664 ha 70% 01. Irrigated-SW/GW-rice 02. Irrigated-SW-riceKharif-winter-irrigated rice (classes 4,6 and 7) 1,054,899 ha 30% 03. Irrigated-GW-riceTotal kharif-autumn-rice 3,463,562 ha 04. Rainfed - riceRabi-summer-Irrigated rice (classes 6 and 7) 442,146 ha Other classesTotal rice area (kharif + rabi) 4,790,000 ha
  4. 4. Methodology: Drought/Submergence mapping MODIS 8- day 7b data for the year 2010: 322 bands Google earth Irrigated, rice first crop, other 0.8 crops second crop, double cropMFDC has 344 layers, for a 0.6 NDVItotal data volume of 84.5 0.4gigabytes 0.2 0.0 Jun-10 Sep-10 Dec-10 Apr-11 Date
  5. 5. Temporal signatures for different rice systems irrigated - single crop - rice irrigated - double crop - rice/rice irrigated - double crop - rice/other rainfed - single crop - rice Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Jan Feb Mar Apr May 1.0 0.9 0.8 0.7Vegetation index 0.6 0.5 0.4 0.3 0.2 0.1 0.0
  6. 6. Results: cropping pattern of OdishaGumma MK, Mohanty S, Nelson A, Rala A, and Das SR (review) Improving Rice Production in Odisha:A Key to Achieving Indias Future Food Security. PLoS ONE. (Submitted in Apr2012).
  7. 7. Results: cropping pattern of OdishaGumma MK, Mohanty S, Nelson A (2012) Identifying stress prone villages using time series satelliteimagery: A case study on Odisha. AIPA 2012, 58-64.
  8. 8. Dissemination Sundargarh Jharsuguda Mayurbhanj Keonjhar Baleshwar Deogarh Baragarh Sambalpur Sonepur Bhadrak Angul Dhenkanal Boudh Jajpur Bolangir Nuapada CuttackKendrapara Nayagarh Jagatsinghpur Khordha Kandhamal Puri Kalahandi Ganjam Nabarangpur Rayagada Gajapati Koraput Legend Land use change by Land use change by Districts submergence drought Malkangiri Major roads Once Once 2-3 2-3 >3 >3
  9. 9. 2010-11 2009-10 2004-05 2002-03 2008-09 2003-04 2006-07 2000-01 2005-06 2001-02 2007--08 2007--08 Sundargarh Sundargarh Sundargarh S n ag r u d r ah Jharsuguda Jharsuguda Jharsuguda J as g d h ru u a Mayurbhanj Mayurbhanj Mayurbhanj Mayurbhanj Myrh n a ub a j Keonjhar Keonjhar Keonjhar Keonjhar Kohr ena j Sambalpur Deogarh Sambalpur Deogarh Sambalpur Deogarh Sm au a bl r p D o ah egr Baleshwar Baleshwar Baleshwar Bl swr a ha e Baragarh Baragarh Baragarh Baragarh Brg r aa ah Sonepur Sonepur Sonepur Sn pr oeu Bhadrak Bhadrak Bhadrak Ba rk h da Angul Dhenkanal Jajpur Angul Dhenkanal Jajpur Angul Dhenkanal Jajpur Ag l nu Deknl h na a Jj u a r p Boudh Boudh Boudh Bu h od Kendrapara Kendrapara Kn rpr e da aa Kendrapara Bolangir Bolangir Bolangir Bl nr o g a i Kendrapara Kendrapara Kendrapara Kn rpr e da aa Nuapada Nuapada Nuapada Naaa upd Cuttack Cuttack Cuttack C ta k uc Nayagarh Nayagarh Nayagarh Nygr aa ah Jagatsinghpur Jagatsinghpur Jagatsinghpur J g tn h u a aig pr s Jagatsinghpur Kandhamal Kandhamal Kandhamal Kandhamal Kn hm l ada a Khordha Puri PuriJagatsinghpur Khordha Puri Puri Jagatsinghpur Khordha Puri Puri Jagatsinghpur Khordha P r K od a hrh ui Puri Jagatsinghpur P r J g tn h u ui a a i g p r s Kalahandi Kalahandi Kalahandi Kl hni a ad a Puri Puri Puri Puri Pr ui Legend Ganjam Ganjam Ganjam Gnm aa j Nabarangpur Nabarangpur Nabarangpur Nbrnpr a aa g u Districts Rayagada Rayagada Rayagada Rayagada Rygd aa a a Builtup areas Gajapati Ganjam Gajapati Ganjam Ga a ap t j i Gajapati Ganjam Gajapati G n m aaj Rice growingareas Koraput Koraput Koraput Krp t oa u Moderate drought Severe drought Submergence Malkangiri Malkangiri Malkangiri M l a gi a nr k i 800 800 0.9 0.9 700 700 0.8 0.8 0.7 0.7 600TRMM rainfall rainfall (mm) 600 0.6 0.6 500 500 TRMM (mm) 0.5 0.5 NDVI 400 400 0.4 0.4 300 300 0.3 0.3 NDVI 200 200 0.2 0.2 100 100 0.1 0.1 0 0 0 0 15-Jan- 15-Jul- 15-Jan- 15-Jul- 15-Jan- 15-Jul- 15-Jan- 15-Jul- 15-Jan- 15-Jul- 15-Jan- 15-Jul- 15-Jan- 15-Jul- 15-Jan- 15-Jul- 15-Jan- 15-Jul- 15-Jan- 15-Jul- 15-Jan-15-Jul- 15-Jan- 15- 15-Jul- 15- 15-Jul- 15- 15-Jul- 15- 15-Jul- 15- 15-Jul- 15- 15-Jul- 15- 15- 15-Jul- 15- 15-Jul- 15- 15-Jul- 15- 15-Jul- 15- Jan-00 00 00 00 Jan-01 01 01 01 Jan-02 02 02 02 Jan-03 03 03 03 Jan-04 04 Jan-05 05 Jan-06 06 Jan-07 07 Jan-08 08 Jan-09 09 Jan-10 10 Jan-11 04 04 05 05 06 07 08 09 09 10 10 11 Date Date
  10. 10. Spatial distribution of Household information Kumasi
  11. 11. Spatial distribution of Bio-physical and Household informationBio-Physical parameters by RS data Household information by surveys• Land use maps • Crop intensity and Production• Stress prone areas (drought/submergence) • Income• Land use changes • Expenditure• Agro-ecological zones • Savings• Rainfall (TRMM) • Technology adoption and information
  12. 12. MethodologySpatial Model ComponentsImpact assessment and rice area changes (Gumma et al., 2009)

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