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  1. 1. ICAR-CII Industry Meet 201123rd May, 2011Potential areas of collaborative R&D: Natural Resource Management, Education and Extension<br />Gyanendra Shukla, Ph.D<br />Director, Mahyco Monsanto Biotech, Mumbai<br /><br />
  2. 2. Contents <br /><ul><li>Context
  3. 3. Partnership opportunities
  4. 4. Successful examples</li></ul>2<br />
  5. 5. Estimation of food demand<br />Million metric tonnes<br />In India, Food demand likely to nearly double from ~440 in 2007 to ~850 million metric tons in 2020<br />Demand Situation<br /><ul><li>The world has to double food production by 2030
  6. 6. Increasing income levels and educational levelsraising demand for better food
  7. 7. The current high prices are an indicator
  8. 8. Meat consumption expected to increase rapidly (1 unit needs 5 units of crop output)</li></ul>1.5x<br />Cereals<br />1.8x<br />Vegetable & Fruits<br />Choice to increase production of food, fibre and feed to meet demand?<br /><ul><li>Bring more land under cultivation
  9. 9. Reduce wastages – Storage & transportation
  10. 10. Develop & deliver suitable high yielding seeds with Improved agronomic practices
  11. 11. Improve per unit of resources i.e. land & Water </li></ul>2.6x<br />Milk<br />2.8x<br />Meat/Fish/eggs<br />3<br />SOURCE: Working paper no. 209; ICRIER; NSSO; interviews<br />
  12. 12. 0<br />Agriculture productivity across countries kg/ha<br />India’s low yields across developed and developing markets offer room for improvement & Public Private Partnerships<br />Seeds & Technology to play a significant role in enhancing yield – Plant breeding, biotechnology and improved agronomic practices offer hope<br />1991- 2008<br />4.38%<br />CAGR Yield growth in key crops<br />2.57%<br /> 2001-2008<br />Paddy<br />13.67%<br />1.40%<br />Wheat<br />1.18%<br />Maize<br />0.60%<br />0.19%<br />3.62%<br />2.13%<br />4,000<br />0.40%<br />4.57%<br />(0.22)%<br />USA<br />Egypt<br />India<br />World average<br />China<br />Yields of select crops in India, 1991-2008<br />(Indexed : 1991 yields = 100)<br />4<br />
  13. 13. 5<br />Education, Extension, Better Seeds role in enhancing yield<br />Breeding & Biotechnology<br />250%<br />Farm<br />Practices<br />Reduced<br /> Losses<br />80%<br />Land<br />100%<br />50%<br />20%<br />(-5%)<br />Current Crop<br />Production<br />Future Crop<br />Production<br />
  14. 14. A balanced, holistic approach can make difference<br />Seeds<br />Technology, research critical to constantly improve seeds<br />Production<br />Improved seeds/SRR<br />PPP Opportunity <br />=<br />Fertilizer Usage high but scope to improve balanced use <br />Area<br />Plant nutrition <br />Integrated management - education<br />&<br />Productivity<br />Irrigation<br />Well irrigation overused, canals investment intensive<br />Capital Intensive but critical<br />Agronomic practices<br />Training can play crucial role<br />Role of Mechanization<br />Role of Private Sector (PPP) & Technology<br />Significant growth potential<br />Moderate potential<br />Limited potential, constrained lever<br />6<br />
  15. 15. Potential areas of Collaborative (PPP) R&D to leverage opportunity<br />7<br />
  16. 16. Thank you for the opportunity <br />8<br />
  17. 17. Examples of successful partnering <br />9<br />
  18. 18. Improve Farmer Lives: India SYI - Project SHARE <br />Sustainable Harvest – Agriculture, Resources & Environment <br />Via increased usage of improved technology and inputs, farmer training, <br />better market linkages, developing agri-infrastructure through communities <br />Project Milestones (May – Jul 10)<br />500 Awareness Camps for 400 farmers groups & 10,000 farmers incl. 100-acre corn & cotton crop demos, 78 women SHGs formed, seed-cum-fertilizer drill machine successfully installed <br />Direct Impact 10,000 growers<br />Expected Ripple Impact - 100,000 Farmers<br /><ul><li> Amravati, Maharashtra
  19. 19. Adilabad, A. P.
  20. 20. Bhilwara, Rajasthan
  21. 21. Bundi, Rajasthan</li></ul>Improve farmers’ lives: Bollgard increased Indian growers’ <br />yields by >50% and farmer incomes by >INR 10000/acre. <br />SHARE Beneficiary KrushnaJanraoHarne from Amravati says “We are a family of five with only four acres. Cheap seeds gave me poor yields. But thanks to SHARE experts, quality seeds like BGII, micro-nutrients, and education on agronomic practices are fetching me higher yields. I now educate other farmers on how to lower their cost of cultivation and increase their earnings”.<br />
  22. 22. PROJECT SUNSHINEPublic Private Partnership under the Van Bandhu Kalyan Yojanawith Govt. of GujaratImproving economic self-sufficiency & quality of life of tribal farmers <br />96,000 farmer beneficiaries<br />500+ villages<br />Five tribal districts <br />Monsanto’s role:<br />Distribution of Dekalb high-yielding corn hybrid seeds<br />Farmer education on agronomy, pest management and post harvest care <br />Critical project management<br />Outstanding Results<br /><ul><li>Three-fold increase in yield (1500 kg/acre vs. only 500 kg/acre with conventional seeds)
  23. 23. Incremental income of more than Rs. 120 Cr. to farmers
  24. 24. Partnership in its third successful year</li></li></ul><li>PROJECT GOLDEN RAYS<br />India’s largest corn farmer Public Private Partnership <br />with State Govt. of Rajasthan<br />780,000 tribal farmer beneficiaries across five districts <br />Doubling corn yields Doubling incomes Improved farmer lives<br />Project Golden Rays beneficiary<br />Farmer Velaram Garasiya <br />Tindori village, Rajasthan<br />Holistic approach <br /><ul><li>Provide improved quality of seeds
  25. 25. Enhance Crop Management Support to farmers
  26. 26. Knowledge Sharing Sessions for Dept. of Ag
  27. 27. End-industry linkages; procurement facilitation</li></ul>Velaram’s corn yields have doubled!<br />(30 Q/acre with Dekalb vs. 14 Q/acre with OPV seeds)<br />He is now investing the increased income in his children’s education.<br />
  28. 28. Credit Facilitation Case: Tribal Development in Orissa<br /><ul><li> Initiative to help tribal farmers in Orissa gain financial independence
  29. 29. Monsanto facilitated linkages between local lenders and National Bank for Agriculture & Rural Development (NABARD)
  30. 30. Resulted in transparent, reliable credit & distribution system
  31. 31. NABARD-supported banks gave low-cost credit to buy inputs/seeds
  32. 32. Monsanto grew 100 demo plots & gave training on farming practices
  33. 33. Yields increased by 1.8 to 2 metric tons per hectare, doubling income</li>