Presentation 6961

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EGU 2009, Vienna, Austria

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Presentation 6961

  1. 1. Architectural layout and vulnerability to earthquakes of housing buildings of the Modernism Maria BOSTENARU DAN ERGOROM ’99 “Ion Mincu” University of Architecture and Urban Planning
  2. 2. Overview  Seismic risk  Scope of the Marie Curie ERG  Differences / common characteristics  Romanian, Greek, Italian Modernism  Zoning illustrations  Modern – vernacular  Conclusions
  3. 3. Seismic risk  Bucharest  Earthquakes 1940, 1977  1977 interwar buildings proved most vulnerable
  4. 4. Scope of the Marie Curie ERG  Marie Curie European Reintegration Grant  2007-2010  Zoning in blocks of flats  Bucharest, Romania  Athens, Greece  Milan, Italy  (Budapest, Hungary)
  5. 5. Differences  Earthquakes  Bucharest 1940, 1977  Athens 1999  Milan never  Budapest never
  6. 6. Common characteristics  Historic Reinforced Concrete  Luxury dwellings, unlike in Western Europe (social housing)  No seismic codes  Zoning – the way of living led to an architectural shape which rendered vulnerable  CA’REDIVIVUS (prior project)
  7. 7. Romanian Modernism  Irregular shape in plan and section  4 EWICS  Lack of seismic culture  Vrancea earthquakes did not affect traditional low rise housing buildings  Typology from France  Calculation tables from Germany
  8. 8. Romania  Earthquakes affected slender buildings like churches  Local seismic culture developed there  Modernist buildings in the city centre from retracing of streets < irregular parcels
  9. 9. Romanian block of flats
  10. 10. Romanian block of flats
  11. 11. Romanian block of flats
  12. 12. Romanian block of flats
  13. 13. Zoning in a Romanian block of flats
  14. 14. Zoning in a Romanian block of flats Bedroom / night zone Living room, including dinning Corridors / circulation zone Bathrooms, toillets Kitchen Hall / vertical circulation Deposit / external circulation Legend:
  15. 15. Greek Modernism Milanese Novecento  More regular shape < parcels  Regular distribution of columns and beams  Athens: peripheral, near train station  Milan: spread over the whole city  Italy – local seismic culture in vernacular housing
  16. 16. Greek block of flats
  17. 17. Zoning in a Greek block of flats Bedroom / night zone Living room, including dinning Corridors / circulation zone Bathrooms, toillets Kitchen Hall / vertical circulation Deposit / external circulation Legend:
  18. 18. Italian block of flats
  19. 19. Italian block of flats http://photo.net/photodb/presentation?presentation_id=348690
  20. 20. Zoning in an Italian block of flats Liv in g ro o m , d in n in g Ba thr o o m , to ile ts Kitche n Ha ll C o rrid o rs / circu la tio n z o n e De p o sit Be d ro o m / Nig h t z o n e
  21. 21. Modernism - vernacular  Modernism negated historic links  Similarities independent from location (universal style)  Change from single family to multi family housing  Study on vernacular and modernist in Germany http://www.world-housing.net  Traditional is modern
  22. 22. Metal building of the Modern Movement - Germany
  23. 23. Vernacular Fachwerk building in Germany
  24. 24. Vernacular Fachwerk building in Germany
  25. 25. Conclusions  In Romania buildings are most vulnerable due to high irregularity  The irregularity resulted from the architectural adaptation to the form of the parcels given the urban interventions following the CIAM
  26. 26. Thank you!

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