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Pisa

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Marie Curie Conference Pisa 2005

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Pisa

  1. 1. CA‘REDIVIVUS Preservation of historic reinforced concrete housing buildings across Europe Maria Bostenaru, MCF Rui Pinho IUSS Pavia / ROSE
  2. 2. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Overview Introduction The title Objectives of the project Organisation of the project Completed activities Main intermediary results Expected impact of the project Conclusions
  3. 3. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 = Reinforced Concrete The title CASA REDIVIVUS Cemento Armato HOUSE TO NEW LIFE
  4. 4. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Introduction Valuation of existing buildings instead of design of new buildings Challenge in earthquake prone countries More research on masonry than on RC Concrete in France and Germany Concrete in Italy, Greece, Romania, Portugal Multidisciplinary decision Conservation of heritage housing buildings
  5. 5. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Objectives of the project
  6. 6. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Nr. Objective Interest groups 1 - advance in earthquake engineering - improving understanding of earthquake impact on the physical, social, economic and cultural environment - developing comprehensive measures for preventing earthquake loss Multidisciplinary 2 an algorithm for optimisation of retrofit measures - 3 decentralised decision model for actors involved from: - geophysics (engineering seismology) - (structural) engineering - economy (investment efficiency) - sociology (consideration of user issues) Interdisciplinary 4 ? applicability of retrofit methods which reduce demand (active devices on frame braces) Interdisciplinary architecture engineering 5 framework for integral planning (economic and engineering aspects regarded from incipient planning phases) Interdisciplinary architecture engineering economics 6 solving contradictions between the objectives of single actors in the retrofit implementation strategy through decision system customisation Multidisciplinary 7 comprehensibility of the measures analysed: inclusion into the integral planning scheme near the flow in the physical implementation of the retrofit system of a flow for the education of the population which has to support the measures (spread from pilot projects to „routine‟ wide ones) architecture urbanism sociology 8 investigation of the support possibilities by political and economic environment: existing programmes -
  7. 7. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Organisation of the project objectives (measures package) objective (measure) method instruments step goal
  8. 8. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Nr. Objective Method Instruments 1 improving understanding of earthquake impact - public presentation - react to feedback on findings on the architectural, structural, geophysical, social and economic aspects of retrofitting historic concrete buildings - active participation, co-organisation of conferences - publication in reviewed manner - web dissemination of results 2 algorithm for retrofit measures optimisation parametrical study FEM 3 decentralised decision model modularisation of a collaborative decision model taking into account non-measurable criteria pair wise comparison method used in investigation of decision making on different levels; multiobjective systems in urban/building scale transition 4 applicability of retrofit methods - insights documentation training literature and internet based research lectures and assisted exercises. 5 framework for integral planning an example retrofit design model project for the integral planning and defining its steps exercise 6 solving contradictions between the objectives of single actors a basis system to administrate modules on the different detail levels in the urban strategical planning ? suitability of different computer tools (GIS, spread sheets, multimedia …) 7 „comprehensibilisation‟ of the measures analysed steps are foreseen in the „educational flow‟, so the information circuit gets into a second phase: - determine research directions - determine means for accessibilisation of information - investigation of consulting and participation means - education - create public ideas - connection between education and research. database for - public presentation - urban/building level navigation - feedback 8 ? change is supported by political and economic environment documentation, conference organisation activity “Natural Hazards Impact on Urban Areas and Infrastructure”; similar events.
  9. 9. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Step Goal Method Instrument Objec- tive 1 a. Technical reports on steel braces retrofit systems applicability in RC housing buildings b. Charts of support programmes Documentation Literature and internet based research Investigation 4; 8 2 a data table of use for the decision method in the next step parametrical study FEM 2 3 support the choices at step 4 and 1 (public presentation/feedback) Highlighting comprehensibility Database and urban/building level navigation 7 4 algorithm based on case studies (step 2) for experiments (step 6) modularisation of the decision model pair wise comparison 3 5 report about pros and cons of available systems for this purpose A basis system to administrate modules Comparative employment of computer tools for this problem 6 6 trial of educational feasibility (step 3), more practical examples project example Exercise 5 7 dissemination of results Publication of results Participation to conferences, reviewed publications, web 1
  10. 10. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Step Goal Method Instrument Measure 1 technical reports on implementation programmes documentation investigation training. 4; 8 2 a data table of use for the decision method in the next step parametrical study FEM 2 3 support the choices at step 4 and step 1 highlighting comprehensibility database 7 4 algorithm based on case studies (step 2) for experiments (step 6) modularisation of the decision model pair wise comparison 3 5 report about available systems for this purpose a basis system to administrate modules computer tools 6 6 trial of educational feasibility (step 3) project example exercise 5 7 dissemination of results presentation publications 1 Nr. Measures package 1 improving understanding of the impact of earthquakes 2 development of an algorithm for optimisation of retrofit measures 3 development of a decentralised decision model 4 insights into applicability of retrofit methods 5 development of a framework for integral planning 6 solving contradictions between the objectives of single actors 7 highlighting the comprehend- sibility of the measures analysed 8 support changes by political and economic environment:
  11. 11. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Main intermediary results Typological study Distribution in Europe Assessment criteria Participative issues from various angles of view Networking  EGU  EAEE  EERI  IASS  MCFA  EuroScience  DOCOMOMO
  12. 12. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Main intermediary results: typological study (Romania)
  13. 13. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Main intermediary results: comparative potential (Greece)
  14. 14. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Main intermediary results: distribution in Europe Other countries  France  Portugal  Austria  Czech Republic  Slovenia  Spain  Italy  Hungary  Germany
  15. 15. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Main intermediary results: typological study (Romania)
  16. 16. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Completed activities: dissemination of results, research training publications  Conference papers: 4EWICS, EE-21C, IASS (invited, chair), Lisbon 1755 anniversary  Accepted abstracts: 8NCEE, fib  Submitted: IABSE, DOCOMOMO conferences, WHE In editing: special issue in the BEE Session NH9.07 at EGU Vienna 2006 Proposal for ESOF2006 Invited to join a IASS working group
  17. 17. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Expected impact of the project Recommendations for protection of XXth century heritage (European level), ICOMOS, RISK-UE DOCOMOMO multidisciplinary research teams Science and society within the ERA  Promoting scientific education and culture (travelling)  Risk perception > SYNAPSE Sustainable development
  18. 18. CA‘REDIVIVUS (2005-2007)Marie Curie Conference, Pisa/Livorno, 28-30 September 2005 Conclusions High vulnerability of pre-code RC New field Interventions on existing buildings - Multidisciplinary issue par excellence  Networking Use of the computer Public dissemination Communication skills  Participative issues Potential for comparative studies
  19. 19. Thank you!

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