MCFA Italy 2005

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MCFA AGA Pisa 2005

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MCFA Italy 2005

  1. 1. Research in the technical side of architecture Maria BOSTENARU DAN IUSS Pavia / ROSE
  2. 2. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Overview  Aspects of architecture  Actors to co-operate with  Multi / Inter / Transdisciplinarity  Mobility experience  Disciplinary aspects along the mobility  Conclusions
  3. 3. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Aspects  Architecture – design projects – theory, history … restoration – urbanism – techique (economics) – design (artistic)
  4. 4. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Co-operation  Architecture – theory, history … restoration – urbanism – techique (economics) – photographers, archaeologists, writers – seismologists, sociologists – engineers (civil, industrial …)
  5. 5. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Multidisciplinarity multidisciplinary approach = a programmed approach from the point of view of more disciplines. The study object is regarded separately by each discipline and so each discipline draws out its own conclusions. Finally the conclusion is compiled by the leader of the research group. object discipline A discipline B discipline C conclusion A conclusion B conclusion C compiled conclusion
  6. 6. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Interdisciplinarity interdisciplinary approach = an approach where the researchers looking to the study object have been trained about the way of approach and the vocabulary of the disciplines with which they collaborate. The programme exists thus before the approach to the problem. The result is an unique conclusion, where the components originating from a discipline or another cannot be distinguished anymore. object discipline A discipline B discipline C one conclusion
  7. 7. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Transdisciplinarity transdisciplinary approach (not recommended) = an approach where the on in researcher has got habits from different fields (through supperposition through PhD or advanced studies of different formations or through formation in schools with transdisciplinary specific) object one conclusion
  8. 8. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Mobility experience (I)  a first grant during the architecture and urbanism studies at the architecture Institute “Ion Mincu” in Romania, to fullfill the mobility schedule of the JEP-9688/95 in the frame of the TEMPUS programme for the academic year 1995-96 (7 months) at the Faculty of Architecture of the University of Karlsruhe (TH), Germany
  9. 9. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Mobility experience (II)  a Marie Curie Host Fellowship of the European Commission, within the frame IHP (Improving Human Potential), Grant Category B20, contract number HPMT-CT- 2001-00359, for a research training project as integral part of the doctoral studies at the University of Karlsruhe for a stay at the European School for Advanced Studies in Reduction of Seismic Risk at the University of Pavia, Italy
  10. 10. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Mobility experience (III)  a Marie Curie Individual Fellowship of the European Commission, within the frame of the Intra-European Fellowships, contract number MEIF-CT-2005-009765, for a two years project to be carried out at the European School for Advanced Studies in Reduction of Seismic Risk at the University of Pavia, Italy
  11. 11. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Co-operation  Architecture – theory, history … restoration – urbanism – techique (economics) – photographers, archaeologists, writers – seismologists, sociologists – engineers (civil, industrial …) transdisciplinarity Mobility II + III
  12. 12. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Co-operation  Architecture – theory, history … restoration – urbanism – techique (economics) – photographers, archaeologists, writers – seismologists, sociologists – engineers (civil, industrial …) interdisciplinary after mobility I and after mobility II
  13. 13. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Nr. Objective Interest groups 1 - advance in earthquake engineering - improving understanding of earthquake impact on the physical, social, economic and cultural environment - developing comprehensive measures for preventing earthquake loss Multidisciplinary 2 an algorithm for optimisation of retrofit measures - 3 decentralised decision model for actors involved from: - geophysics (engineering seismology) - (structural) engineering - economy (investment efficiency) - sociology (consideration of user issues) Interdisciplinary 4 ? applicability of retrofit methods which reduce demand (active devices on frame braces) Interdisciplinary architecture engineering 5 framework for integral planning (economic and engineering aspects regarded from incipient planning phases) Interdisciplinary architecture engineering economics 6 solving contradictions between the objectives of single actors in the retrofit implementation strategy through decision system customisation Multidisciplinary 7 comprehensibility of the measures analysed: inclusion into the integral planning scheme near the flow in the physical implementation of the retrofit system of a flow for the education of the population which has to support the measures (spread from pilot projects to ‘routine’ wide ones) architecture urbanism sociology 8 investigation of the support possibilities by political and economic environment: existing programmes - Current project
  14. 14. MCFA Italy Meeting Pisa, 2005 Conclusions  Definition of the profession of architect – like a sculptor (autonomous architecture) – like a moderator / intermediary between different fields (participative architecture)  „the architect knows nothing about everything and the engineer everything about nothing“ = the systemist and the specialist

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