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IASS 160

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Shell and Spatial Structures conference 2005, Bucharest, Romania

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IASS 160

  1. 1. (UN)SINCERITY IN THE EXTERIOR EXPRESSION: SPATIAL STRUCTURES IN THE AVANTGARDE ARCHITECTURE Maria BOSTENARU Istituto Universitario di Studi Superiori di Pavia, ROSE School, Italy
  2. 2. Overview  Introduction  Architecture theory and realisation  Interpretation  Conclusions
  3. 3. Introduction  sincerity = elements are what they seem to be  Sincerity in architecture:  Load bearing structure  Architectural arrangement  internal space  envelope  ornamentation  Baroque; Modern Avantgarde  Modernism: function, materials, technology
  4. 4. Architecture Theory and Realisation: Sincerity
  5. 5. Architecture Theory and Realisation: Unsincerity
  6. 6. Architecture theory  Gottfried Semper in 1834  Elementation of construction / ancient cottage  Wagner, Berlage, Loos  Wagner: structural truth and applied ornaments  Viollet-le-Duc  ‚tectonic architecture‘  >  Space in architecture
  7. 7. Architecture realisation  Floor-wall-ceiling typology > Loos-Raumplan  Technically progressive and artistically convincing vocabulars:  Wagner student Medgyaszay and RC  lecture: space delimitation / construction ; horizontals  Theatre in Veszprém, Hungary  Architectural truth in Vienna  Truth of construction  inner truth  ornamental truth
  8. 8. Architecture Theory and Realisation: Wagner and lessons
  9. 9. Architecture Theory and Realisation – Loos and lessons
  10. 10. Architecture Theory and Realisation: Olbrich
  11. 11. Architecture Theory and Realisation: early spectacle building
  12. 12. Architecture Theory and Realisation: later spectacle building
  13. 13. Architecture Theory and Realisation: success story
  14. 14. Interpretation  Spatial frame structures:  Interior arrangement corresponding to adequate spatial feeling for the respective function on various floors  Le Corbusier‘s five principles  Contemporary interpretation at the Dutch pavillon at the EXPO2000 in Hannover, DE  Fundament-wall-roof > different structures  Horizontals (Medgyaszay) and LC principles
  15. 15. Interpretation: Le Corbusier and his principles
  16. 16. Interpretation: EXPO 2000 Dutch pavillon
  17. 17. Conclusions  The envelope  Separates and interior of an exterior space  In accordance with the urban situation  Interior space  In accordance with the architectural programme for the respective function  Post-modern discussion by Ventury (1966)  Both interior and exterior reveal artistic forms for the material of the load-bearing structure
  18. 18. Thank you!

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