DESTRUCTION:
THE IMPACT OF
CATASTROPHIC EVENTS
ON ARCHITECTURE:
BETWEEN
KEEPING THE MEMORY AND
PROJECT OCCASION
cercet. dr...
RUINS OF THE
MOMENT
Constanze Baum
The only ruins maintained today
Carmo Convent
Cathedral Santa Maria, engraving, Jan Kozak collection
Ruins Lisbon 1755 imediately after
COPYRIGHT
The new Baixa neighbourhood built after 1755
Earthquake resistant structure imposed after the 1755 earthquake through
urban regulation, in renovation today
Casa pombal...
FIRE – THE MOMENT OF
THE CATASTROPHE OR
BEFORE AND AFTER?
OR THE MOMUMENT?
Architecture faculty of the Delft University, the Netherlands, 2008
Fire
COPYRIGHT
Manege Militaire, Quebec, 2008, before fire
Fire
COPYRIGHT
Manege Militaire, Quebec, 2008, after fire
Fire
Mayor Banu Manta 2009
Fire
COPYRIGHT
Mayor Banu Manta 2009
Fire
London, 1666
Reconstruction in the old pattern
After the fire Christopher Wren built the Sf. Paul cathedral and the monume...
Sf. Paul, London, Canaletto image, 1754
Urban fire
COPYRIGHT
RUINS
DEMOLITION AND
REBUILD
1900
Gedächtniskirche Berlin
COPYRIGHT
1954
Gedächtniskirche Berlin
COPYRIGHT
2007
Gedächtniskirche Berlin
COPYRIGHT
UAR headquaters
Casa Paucescu, 2000
COPYRIGHT
UAR headquaters
Casa Paucescu, 2000
COPYRIGHT
UAR headquaters
Nicolae Ionescu
Teatrul Naţional
National Theatre Calea Victoriei
COPYRIGHT
Hotel Novotel
CCA
CCA garden
demolition
Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
demolition
Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
demolition
Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul
Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul
Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul
COPYRIGHT
Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul
COPYRIGHT
Reconstruction after the fire 1689
Gothic, then baroque
Black Church Braşov
REPHOTOGRAPHING
BEFORE AND AFTER
COPYRIGHT
Bibliografy
 Tickle your catastrophe!
 http://www.catastrophe.ugent.be/
 Ruin value
 Catastrophy, artistic presentation
Ruins as memory
 Modernity, 18th century, Piranesi
 The ruins of antiquity
 18th century, Lisbon earthquake 1755
 Ruin...
Piranesi (1720-1778), Vedute (Forum Nerva)
Ruins of antiquity
COPYRIGHT
CATASTROPHE/
DESTRUCTION
PHOTOGRAPHY AT THE
CCA
 Archive photography
 Documentary photography
 Rephotographing
 19th century
19th century photography of
catastrophes
 The scope of photography
 Not documentation
 Souvernir (made for sale)
 Popu...
 Earthquake
 Flood
 Fire
 Volcano (Pompei) – Giorgio Sommer
 Paris Commune
 Alfred Capel-Cure (ruins and vegetation)...
Paris Commune
 The first man-made ruins which evoked the
same poetics as those of Antiquity
 fire
Earthquake
 San Francisco, USA
 Norcia, Italy
 Antigua
Earthquake
 Arnold Genthe
 Robert Macpherson
 Eadweard Muybridge
 R.J. Waters & Co
 James Stoddard
 Willard Worden
Flood
 Norwich 1878, England
 Latchford 1890, England
 Waburton 1891
 Johnstown 1889
 Avignon, France
 Montreal, Can...
Flood
 Edouard Baldus
 G. Herbert Bayley
 Alexander Henderson
 Charles Rudd
Fire
 Boston 1860, USA
 St. Claude, France
 Paris (Commune), France
 Philadelphia, USA
 Louisiana, USA
 Notre Dame d...
Fire
 J. Andrieu
 Edouard Baldus
 George N. Barnard
 James Wallace Black
 Robert Burley
 Alfred Capel-Cure
 Franck
...
Volcano
 Giorgio Sommer photographer also the
volcano (not in the collection)
Paris Commune
 Gustave Le Gray
 J. Andrieu
 Bruno Braquehais
 Albert Fernique
 Franck
 C. Jung
 A. Richebourg
 Cha...
20TH CENTURY
HERITAGE
REAL OR DIGITAL
CONSERVATION/
DOCUMENTATION
INTERVENTION
Romania
Greece
Italy
Multifamily housing from the 1930
Bucharest – Marcel Janco
Como – Rationalism
Ljubljana – Joze Plecnik
Buildings on urban parcours
Neapel – Mostra d Oltremare
Athens – Army Pension Fund Building
Retrofited interwar buildings
THE USE OF DAMAGE
PHOTOS 20TH CENTURY
 August Sander
 Köln 1945
 Warning how politics can destroy the beauty of cities
THE USE OF
(EARTHQUAKE) DAMAGE
PHOTOS TODAY
Earthquake damage Romania 1977
Karl Steinbrugge collection photos
COPYRIGHT
Shear damage
Earthquake in Romania 1977
Karl Steinbrugge collection photos
Michael Markus
SFB461 C7 Karlsruhe
COPYRIGHT
 Haiti desktop reconnaisance
 Randolph Langenbach
 extracts
THE ARCHITECTURE
OF MEMORY
The covered/rediscovered space
Presentation in the artistic project
Covered with sand
Scenography installation
Sand
Scenography installation
Sand
hear
Rediscovered space
see
Rediscovered space
see
Rediscovered space
see
Rediscovered space
taste
Rediscovered space
smell
Rediscovered space
Rediscovered space
Rediscovered space
Rediscovered space
Rediscovered space
Covered with vegetation
Westfacade of the Eldena ruin
Caspar David Friedrich
COPYRIGHT
Faial, Azore, church collapsed in the 1998 earthquake, photo 2008
Vegetation
Project Paradise garden, going out of „Thorn rose“ (Grimm)
Vegetation
„Paradise garden“ project
Doors through the key of primordial elements
Connections
 Mythology and elements
 Landscape project, “the door” to enter the
rediscovered space through the key of
el...
Landscape project using the elements key
The labyrinth, initiation garden in Renaissance gardens (Schönbrunn,
Viena, Austria)
Vegetation
Covered with water
Diploma project „Water museum“
AQUA MEGA
Stalker (Tarkovsky, 1979)
Water
COPYRIGHT
Stalker (Tarkovsky, 1979)
Water
COPYRIGHT
Covered with other buildings
Quebec city
Covering by new construction
Quebec city
Covering by new construction
Quebec city
Covering by new construction
Lipscani, Bucharest
Uncovering by new construction
Keeping the memory in
intervention projects
Intervention projects
 Building retrofit
 Change of function, material, shape
 Social change
 Charter and Declaration ...
Intervention projects
 3 examples
 Gibellina (film Jörg Burger, 2007, Austria)
 San Giuliano di Puglia after the Molise...
Modern town, touristic museum, like Rouen, ville nouvelle, in which the
citizens have not adapted
Gibellina
COPYRIGHT
San Giuliano di Puglia
COPYRIGHT
Seismic concept C.A.S.E. L Aquila
COPYRIGHT
Urban layout l„Aquila
COPYRIGHT
l„Aquila one year after
l„Aquila one year after
l„Aquila one year after
l„Aquila one year after
l„Aquila one year after
l„Aquila one year after
C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
Architecture and urbanism
UIA and l„Aquila
COPYRIGHT
UIA and l„aquila
UIA and l„Aquila
IUAV and l„Aquila
Literature
 movimenti moderni:
terremoti e architettura 1883-2004
Eventi sismici e occasioni di progetto, da
Messina a Sa...
THANK YOU!
CCA Presentation
CCA Presentation
CCA Presentation
CCA Presentation
CCA Presentation
CCA Presentation
CCA Presentation
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CCA Presentation

  1. 1. DESTRUCTION: THE IMPACT OF CATASTROPHIC EVENTS ON ARCHITECTURE: BETWEEN KEEPING THE MEMORY AND PROJECT OCCASION cercet. drd. arh. Maria BOSTENARU DAN
  2. 2. RUINS OF THE MOMENT Constanze Baum
  3. 3. The only ruins maintained today Carmo Convent
  4. 4. Cathedral Santa Maria, engraving, Jan Kozak collection Ruins Lisbon 1755 imediately after COPYRIGHT
  5. 5. The new Baixa neighbourhood built after 1755
  6. 6. Earthquake resistant structure imposed after the 1755 earthquake through urban regulation, in renovation today Casa pombalina
  7. 7. FIRE – THE MOMENT OF THE CATASTROPHE OR BEFORE AND AFTER? OR THE MOMUMENT?
  8. 8. Architecture faculty of the Delft University, the Netherlands, 2008 Fire COPYRIGHT
  9. 9. Manege Militaire, Quebec, 2008, before fire Fire COPYRIGHT
  10. 10. Manege Militaire, Quebec, 2008, after fire Fire
  11. 11. Mayor Banu Manta 2009 Fire COPYRIGHT
  12. 12. Mayor Banu Manta 2009 Fire
  13. 13. London, 1666 Reconstruction in the old pattern After the fire Christopher Wren built the Sf. Paul cathedral and the monument Urban fire COPYRIGHT
  14. 14. Sf. Paul, London, Canaletto image, 1754 Urban fire COPYRIGHT
  15. 15. RUINS DEMOLITION AND REBUILD
  16. 16. 1900 Gedächtniskirche Berlin COPYRIGHT
  17. 17. 1954 Gedächtniskirche Berlin COPYRIGHT
  18. 18. 2007 Gedächtniskirche Berlin COPYRIGHT
  19. 19. UAR headquaters
  20. 20. Casa Paucescu, 2000 COPYRIGHT
  21. 21. UAR headquaters
  22. 22. Casa Paucescu, 2000 COPYRIGHT
  23. 23. UAR headquaters
  24. 24. Nicolae Ionescu Teatrul Naţional National Theatre Calea Victoriei COPYRIGHT
  25. 25. Hotel Novotel
  26. 26. CCA
  27. 27. CCA garden
  28. 28. demolition Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
  29. 29. demolition Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
  30. 30. demolition Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
  31. 31. Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
  32. 32. Henrietta Delavrancea-Gibory
  33. 33. Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul
  34. 34. Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul
  35. 35. Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul COPYRIGHT
  36. 36. Club A block, in place of hanul Ion Românul COPYRIGHT
  37. 37. Reconstruction after the fire 1689 Gothic, then baroque Black Church Braşov
  38. 38. REPHOTOGRAPHING BEFORE AND AFTER
  39. 39. COPYRIGHT
  40. 40. Bibliografy  Tickle your catastrophe!  http://www.catastrophe.ugent.be/  Ruin value  Catastrophy, artistic presentation
  41. 41. Ruins as memory  Modernity, 18th century, Piranesi  The ruins of antiquity  18th century, Lisbon earthquake 1755  Ruins of the moment (Constanze Baum)  Created within a short time by the earthquake  Deleted in short time through reconstruction  The ruin in the urban landscape  San Francisco 1908: urban images (technique)
  42. 42. Piranesi (1720-1778), Vedute (Forum Nerva) Ruins of antiquity COPYRIGHT
  43. 43. CATASTROPHE/ DESTRUCTION PHOTOGRAPHY AT THE CCA
  44. 44.  Archive photography  Documentary photography  Rephotographing  19th century
  45. 45. 19th century photography of catastrophes  The scope of photography  Not documentation  Souvernir (made for sale)  Popular format: stereo  Photographing in series  Known photographers
  46. 46.  Earthquake  Flood  Fire  Volcano (Pompei) – Giorgio Sommer  Paris Commune  Alfred Capel-Cure (ruins and vegetation): blasted oaks
  47. 47. Paris Commune  The first man-made ruins which evoked the same poetics as those of Antiquity  fire
  48. 48. Earthquake  San Francisco, USA  Norcia, Italy  Antigua
  49. 49. Earthquake  Arnold Genthe  Robert Macpherson  Eadweard Muybridge  R.J. Waters & Co  James Stoddard  Willard Worden
  50. 50. Flood  Norwich 1878, England  Latchford 1890, England  Waburton 1891  Johnstown 1889  Avignon, France  Montreal, Canada  Conemaugh, USA  Brisbane, Australia
  51. 51. Flood  Edouard Baldus  G. Herbert Bayley  Alexander Henderson  Charles Rudd
  52. 52. Fire  Boston 1860, USA  St. Claude, France  Paris (Commune), France  Philadelphia, USA  Louisiana, USA  Notre Dame de Montreal, Canada  Chicago, USA  Quebec, Canada  Illinois, USA  Portland (Maine), USA
  53. 53. Fire  J. Andrieu  Edouard Baldus  George N. Barnard  James Wallace Black  Robert Burley  Alfred Capel-Cure  Franck  Frederick Gutekunst  Brian Merrett  A. Richebourg  C. Seaver Jr.  John P. Soule  William Notman & Son
  54. 54. Volcano  Giorgio Sommer photographer also the volcano (not in the collection)
  55. 55. Paris Commune  Gustave Le Gray  J. Andrieu  Bruno Braquehais  Albert Fernique  Franck  C. Jung  A. Richebourg  Charles Soulier
  56. 56. 20TH CENTURY HERITAGE REAL OR DIGITAL CONSERVATION/ DOCUMENTATION INTERVENTION
  57. 57. Romania Greece Italy Multifamily housing from the 1930
  58. 58. Bucharest – Marcel Janco Como – Rationalism Ljubljana – Joze Plecnik Buildings on urban parcours
  59. 59. Neapel – Mostra d Oltremare Athens – Army Pension Fund Building Retrofited interwar buildings
  60. 60. THE USE OF DAMAGE PHOTOS 20TH CENTURY
  61. 61.  August Sander  Köln 1945  Warning how politics can destroy the beauty of cities
  62. 62. THE USE OF (EARTHQUAKE) DAMAGE PHOTOS TODAY
  63. 63. Earthquake damage Romania 1977 Karl Steinbrugge collection photos COPYRIGHT
  64. 64. Shear damage Earthquake in Romania 1977 Karl Steinbrugge collection photos
  65. 65. Michael Markus SFB461 C7 Karlsruhe COPYRIGHT
  66. 66.  Haiti desktop reconnaisance  Randolph Langenbach  extracts
  67. 67. THE ARCHITECTURE OF MEMORY
  68. 68. The covered/rediscovered space
  69. 69. Presentation in the artistic project
  70. 70. Covered with sand
  71. 71. Scenography installation Sand
  72. 72. Scenography installation Sand
  73. 73. hear Rediscovered space
  74. 74. see Rediscovered space
  75. 75. see Rediscovered space
  76. 76. see Rediscovered space
  77. 77. taste Rediscovered space
  78. 78. smell Rediscovered space
  79. 79. Rediscovered space
  80. 80. Rediscovered space
  81. 81. Rediscovered space
  82. 82. Rediscovered space
  83. 83. Covered with vegetation
  84. 84. Westfacade of the Eldena ruin Caspar David Friedrich COPYRIGHT
  85. 85. Faial, Azore, church collapsed in the 1998 earthquake, photo 2008 Vegetation
  86. 86. Project Paradise garden, going out of „Thorn rose“ (Grimm) Vegetation
  87. 87. „Paradise garden“ project Doors through the key of primordial elements
  88. 88. Connections  Mythology and elements  Landscape project, “the door” to enter the rediscovered space through the key of elements  The idea of entry door: shadow, projection, reflection  Project “Water museum” – dual character
  89. 89. Landscape project using the elements key
  90. 90. The labyrinth, initiation garden in Renaissance gardens (Schönbrunn, Viena, Austria) Vegetation
  91. 91. Covered with water
  92. 92. Diploma project „Water museum“ AQUA MEGA
  93. 93. Stalker (Tarkovsky, 1979) Water COPYRIGHT
  94. 94. Stalker (Tarkovsky, 1979) Water COPYRIGHT
  95. 95. Covered with other buildings
  96. 96. Quebec city Covering by new construction
  97. 97. Quebec city Covering by new construction
  98. 98. Quebec city Covering by new construction
  99. 99. Lipscani, Bucharest Uncovering by new construction
  100. 100. Keeping the memory in intervention projects
  101. 101. Intervention projects  Building retrofit  Change of function, material, shape  Social change  Charter and Declaration of Amsterdam (1975)  Integrated conservation (interdisciplinary between architecture and urbanism)  Bibliografie http://www.icomos.org/docs/amsterdam.html
  102. 102. Intervention projects  3 examples  Gibellina (film Jörg Burger, 2007, Austria)  San Giuliano di Puglia after the Molise earthquake, 2002  Literature Randolph Langenbach, Alberto Dusi: On the Cross of Sant'Andrea: The Response to the Tragedy of San Giuliano di Puglia Following the 2002 Molise, Italy, Earthquake, Earthquake Spectra Volume 20, Issue S1, 2004, p. S341-S358 http://www.conservationtech.com  C.A.S.E. L„Aquila  Project leader Gian Michele Calvi, Pavia, Italia
  103. 103. Modern town, touristic museum, like Rouen, ville nouvelle, in which the citizens have not adapted Gibellina COPYRIGHT
  104. 104. San Giuliano di Puglia COPYRIGHT
  105. 105. Seismic concept C.A.S.E. L Aquila COPYRIGHT
  106. 106. Urban layout l„Aquila COPYRIGHT
  107. 107. l„Aquila one year after
  108. 108. l„Aquila one year after
  109. 109. l„Aquila one year after
  110. 110. l„Aquila one year after
  111. 111. l„Aquila one year after
  112. 112. l„Aquila one year after
  113. 113. C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
  114. 114. C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
  115. 115. C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
  116. 116. C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
  117. 117. C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
  118. 118. C.A.S.E. l„Aquila
  119. 119. Architecture and urbanism
  120. 120. UIA and l„Aquila COPYRIGHT
  121. 121. UIA and l„aquila
  122. 122. UIA and l„Aquila
  123. 123. IUAV and l„Aquila
  124. 124. Literature  movimenti moderni: terremoti e architettura 1883-2004 Eventi sismici e occasioni di progetto, da Messina a San Giuliano di Puglia di Michele Bonino e Chiara Calderini PARAMETRO numero 251 Anno XXXIV Maggio/Giugno 2004  Interview Gian Michele Calvi  New antiseismic housing L„Aquila, 2009
  125. 125. THANK YOU!

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