Budapest conference

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presentation at the Budapest conference under the Hungarian Presidency of the experience of a Marie Curie fellow

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Budapest conference

  1. 1. SHARING THE EXPERIENCE OF MOBILITY OF A MARIE CURIE RESEARCHER Maria BOSTENARU DAN
  2. 2. Outline <ul><li>Biography </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Family background on mobility </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Stations of mobility </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Germany and Canada </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Marie Curie in Italy and reintegration </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role models </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Architecture and research </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Conclusions </li></ul>
  3. 3. Biography
  4. 4. <ul><li>Universitatea de Arhitectura si Urbanism „Ion Mincu“ </li></ul>Current work place
  5. 5. Biography <ul><li>Born 1974, Bucharest, Romania, Romanian citizen </li></ul><ul><li>My grandfather, mother‘s side (1902-1973) was ethnic German, I am member of the Democratic Forum of Germans in Romania </li></ul><ul><li>My grandmother, mother‘s side (1909-1987) was born in Kiskunfélegyháza, today Hungary </li></ul><ul><li>My grandmother‘s brother and his family emigrated to Canada following the Hungarian revolution from 1956, after spending some time in Pisa, Italy </li></ul>
  6. 6. <ul><li>Revolution square </li></ul>Bucharest, Romania
  7. 7. <ul><li>The place where Danube Swabians settled about 300 years ago </li></ul><ul><li>(house where my grandfather was born, typical vernacular construction) </li></ul>Foieni, Romania
  8. 8. <ul><li>Town hall </li></ul><ul><li>(where an ancestor </li></ul><ul><li>worked as enginer) </li></ul>Kiskunfélegyháza, Hungary
  9. 9. Hungarian community in Montreal
  10. 10. Family <ul><li>My grandmother went from Hungary to Romania </li></ul><ul><li>My grandmother‘s sister studied medicine as one of the first in Szeged, Hungary. She then became a cistercian nun. </li></ul><ul><li>My grandfather did a doctorate </li></ul>
  11. 11. Stations of my mobility
  12. 12. Stations of my mobility <ul><li>Bucharest, Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Karlsruhe, Germany </li></ul><ul><li>Pavia, Italy </li></ul><ul><li>Bucharest, Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Montreal, Canada </li></ul>
  13. 13. Karlsruhe, Germany
  14. 14. Aerial view of Karlsruhe
  15. 15. Karlsruhe, Germany <ul><li>1996 TEMPUS scholarship (EU) to study </li></ul><ul><ul><li>August: research assistant </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1997-1999 continuing studies until award of diploma (own funding) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1998 – student participant to building survey in Myslakowice, Poland (DFG funding) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1998-1999 practice in Kramm-Strigl office, Darmstadt </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1999 -funding for work in sociology of architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>1998-2002 involvment in student dormitory HaDiKo </li></ul>
  16. 16. <ul><li>The office (designed by Kramm et Strigl) for the practica </li></ul><ul><li>Prof. Kramm was also the head of the chair where I was student assistant and did my diploma </li></ul>Darmstadt, Germany
  17. 17. <ul><li>Building survey </li></ul><ul><li>The country of Marie Curie </li></ul>Myslakowice, Poland
  18. 18. <ul><li>HaDiKo, the student dormitory, where I took voluntary positions </li></ul>Karlsruhe, Germany
  19. 19. Karlsruhe, Germany <ul><li>2000-2001 student assistant DFG Project SFB 461 „Strong earthquakes“ (Germany-Romania cooperation) </li></ul><ul><li>2000-2003 scholarship in frame of the GK 450 „Natural Disasters“, interrupted with stay in Pavia (2002-2003) </li></ul><ul><li>Continued stay till 2005 (own funding) </li></ul><ul><li>2005-2006 Monthly travels from Pavia (retaining room in student dormitory) </li></ul>
  20. 20. <ul><li>Institut für Technologie und Management im Baubetrieb </li></ul><ul><li>(former Institute für Maschinenwesen im Baubetrieb) </li></ul>Work place in Karlsruhe, Germany
  21. 21. Karlsruhe, Germany <ul><li>Research on the economics of seismic retrofit measures </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Interdisciplinary Research Training Network </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Cooperation of the GK/SFB and thus Romania </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Member of the editorial board of the „World Housing Encyclopedia“ </li></ul><ul><li>Member of the advisory board of the Marie Curie Fellows Association (2003) </li></ul><ul><li>The doctorate never came to a defense </li></ul><ul><li>It would have been the first doctorate of a woman at the Institute of Technology and Management in Construction in 40 years (now nearly 50; none was done since either) </li></ul>
  22. 22. <ul><li>The test site of the institute, shortly before going first to Pavia </li></ul>Karlsruhe, Germany
  23. 23. Pavia, Italy
  24. 24. Certosa di Pavia
  25. 25. Pavia, Italy <ul><li>2002-2003 (6 months) Marie Curie early stage training site stay at the ROSE School (European School for Advanced Studies in Reduction of Seismic Risk – name changed today) </li></ul><ul><li>2005-2007 (2 years) Marie Curie Intra-European Fellowship (experienced researcher) at the same institution (2004 competition) (report accepted) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>It was possible to apply without a doctorate, so the research career was continued </li></ul></ul>
  26. 26. <ul><li>ROSE School </li></ul><ul><li>c/o EUCENTRE </li></ul>Work place in Pavia, Italy
  27. 27. Pavia, Italy <ul><li>Research on historic reinforced concrete buildings in seismic areas: Romania, Italy, Greece, Slovenia, Portugal </li></ul><ul><li>High specialisation in earthquakes </li></ul><ul><li>The research centre in Italy belongs to one of the best in the world. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Article in ScienceCareers </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The field is male dominated, one of the two women involved in the teaching body had a TMR (FP5 mobility) </li></ul>
  28. 28. <ul><li>Historic reinforced concrete buildings </li></ul>Subject of the research
  29. 29. Germany - Italy <ul><li>The former institution in Germany and the host institution in Italy did not know of each other before embarking the fellowship, but now have common projects (Global Earthquake Model), masters, and also another researcher moved from Karlsruhe to Pavia to do a masters </li></ul><ul><li>The current contact of the fellow with the former host institution is informal </li></ul><ul><li>There is contact with another researcher from Italy for doing together a book </li></ul>
  30. 30. Italy <ul><li>Also the World Housing Encyclopedia, to which I did voluntary work since 2001 when I was in Germany (writing reports on Germany, Switzerland and Romania) is now closely cooperating with the host institution in Pavia. Inclusion in the project is, however, pending since the begin of the year … </li></ul>
  31. 31. Bucharest, Romania
  32. 32. Bucharest, Romania
  33. 33. Bucharest, Romania <ul><li>1980-1992 attending school and lyceum </li></ul><ul><li>1992-1997 attending the „Ion Mincu“ University of Architecture and Urbanism </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ranked #2 at the admission exam </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>„ merit“ scholarship in 1996-1997 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>1994 Cross School Project with Regensburg, Germany </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study takes 6 years, colleagues graduated in 1998 </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>TEMPUS scholarship in Karlsruhe 1996 </li></ul></ul>
  34. 34. Bucharest, Romania <ul><li>Returned in 2007 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>2007-2010 Marie Curie Reintegration Grant at Foundation ERGOROM ´99 (report accepted) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2007-2010 collaborator (voluntary) at a project of the University of Bucharest on seismic vulnerability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2007-2008 collaborator, since 2008 employed permanentely at the „Ion Mincu“ University of Architecture and Urbanism, Restoration chair </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Representant for Romania in the COST action TU0801, on 3D city models, since 2009 </li></ul></ul>
  35. 35. Bucharest, Romania <ul><li>2008 started a doctorate on the topic of historic reinforced concrete constructions in Romania and Italy (envisaged to be finished 2012) </li></ul><ul><li>2009-2010 co-teaching the course of „Risks“, based on the multiyear experience in the field, with the doctorate supervisor </li></ul><ul><li>The reintegration grant gave the possibility of returning to the initial field of architecture </li></ul><ul><li>2011 member of the administrative board of the Marie Curie Fellows Association </li></ul>
  36. 36. Bucharest, Romania <ul><li>Employment in Romania is as „researcher“, which is a rare position, and not so esteemed as teaching positions </li></ul><ul><li>For employment, went to the university where she started studying </li></ul><ul><li>There are hopes that research experience will be more appreciated with the new university law of Dr. Daniel Funeriu, the Science Minister, a former Marie Curie Fellow (FP6 Excellence Grant in Germany) </li></ul><ul><li>If I would have had a doctorate, with my publication record I would have been one of the few eligible for principal investigator of projects after the new law </li></ul><ul><li>Women are promoted in Romania </li></ul>
  37. 37. Current work place (university)
  38. 38. <ul><li>Centrul de Studii Arhitecturale si Urbane </li></ul>Current work place (research centre)
  39. 39. Romania - Italy <ul><li>Contacts between Romania and Italy are multiple, but don‘t have to do with my stay there </li></ul><ul><li>Plans to do a Short Term Scientific Mission at Politecnico di Milano </li></ul>
  40. 40. Montreal, Canada
  41. 41. <ul><li>EXPO 1967 </li></ul>Montreal, Canada
  42. 42. Montreal, Canada <ul><li>Support grant of the Canadian Centre for Architecture June-July 2010 </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Research on archive photography of disasters </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Research on the Rudolph Fränkel archive </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Study trips on Dan Hanganu architecture </li></ul></ul><ul><li>A book project on archive photography of disasters is approved at Springer and 3 articles published or accepted </li></ul><ul><li>A further book on Fränkel should be done in Romania </li></ul>
  43. 43. <ul><li>Canadian Centre for Architecture </li></ul>Support Grant site
  44. 44. <ul><li>Azores, 10 years after the 1998 earthquake </li></ul>Own photo of ruins after disasters
  45. 45. <ul><li>„ built“ ruin </li></ul>CCA garden
  46. 46. <ul><li>Covering with vegetation as in the Azores case </li></ul>CCA garden
  47. 47. Hungary
  48. 48. Hungary <ul><li>Applied in 2011 for second citizenship, according to the new law </li></ul>
  49. 49. Role models
  50. 50. Role models <ul><li>When in Karlsruhe, did a research work for project management on leadership figures in fairy tales, with accent on women </li></ul><ul><li>There were a couple of architects and researchers following the same path (countrywise) </li></ul>
  51. 51. Germany - Romania
  52. 52. Germany < > Romania <ul><li>Art historian Alexandru Tzigara-Samurcas went for research from Romania to Germany </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Project in Romania on his archive http://www.uauim.ro/en/chairs/history_theory_and_heritage_conservation/archives/tzigara-samurcas/ </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Rudolf Fränkel came to practice architecture from Germany to Romania </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Current project on his architecture in Bucharest, following archive research in Canada </li></ul></ul>
  53. 53. <ul><li>View from the vernisage of the exhibition </li></ul>Tzigara Samurcas archive
  54. 54. <ul><li>Rudolph Fränkel archive at the CCA </li></ul><ul><li>Rudolf Fränkel, German architect who emigrated to Romania, UK, USA </li></ul>Adriatica building
  55. 55. Italy-Romania
  56. 56. Italy < > Romania <ul><li>Virginia Haret went to learn to practice and do research to Rome in the early 20th century </li></ul><ul><li>Later on the Romanian School in Rome was established </li></ul><ul><li>Nicolae Cucu, Nicolae Lupu, Richard Bordenache completed research stages there before going into practice in Romania </li></ul><ul><li>Grigore Ionescu went to a research career in Romania afterwards </li></ul>
  57. 57. Italy < > Romania <ul><li>József Vágo, architect from Oradea emigrated, following the Hungarian Revoulution after the First World War, to France after spending in between about 6 years in Rome </li></ul>
  58. 58. <ul><li>A Romanian woman who did research in Italy at the begin of the century </li></ul>Work of Virginia Haret, the first woman architect
  59. 59. József Vágo in Budapest and Oradea
  60. 60. Canada - Romania
  61. 61. Romania > Canada <ul><li>Already mentioned research on the Rudolph Fränkel archive, at the CCA </li></ul><ul><li>Romania-born architect of Greek origin Iannis Xenakis emigrated to France. His main work were „polytopes“, one of them being in the French pavilion at the Expo 1967. During the stay at the CCA there was an exhibition on Xenakis </li></ul><ul><li>Romania educated architect Dan Hanganu is a well known practicing architect and professor in Montreal. He is regular guest at various events in Romania </li></ul>
  62. 62. <ul><li>Rudolph Fränkel archive at the CCA </li></ul><ul><li>Rudolf Fränkel, German architect who emigrated to Romania, UK, USA </li></ul>Adriatica building
  63. 63. <ul><li>Iannis Xenakis, ethic Greek architect from Romania, who emmigrated to France </li></ul>French pavillion, host for the „polytope“ of Xenakis
  64. 64. Dan Hanganu architecture in Montreal
  65. 65. Conclusions (1) <ul><li>I went only to countries where a family link existed. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learning the language in a mobility endeavour is the easiest thing. Difficult is to adapt to the cultural differences. Mobility, however, helps learning languages </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Germany it was easier to adapt to the culture because some habits I already had from the education of my grandparents (punctuality, cooking habits etc) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Montreal I had relatives </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>In Italy in 2002-2003 it was easy to make friends, because I was integrated with other masters and doctoral researchers who were there on limited time. As visiting experienced researcher it wasn‘t possible </li></ul></ul>
  66. 66. Conclusions (2) <ul><li>In my experience integrating in the student dormitory went better than integrating among the work colleagues, because of the voluntary component of working in a student association </li></ul><ul><li>Voluntary work brings more contacts which might help you in the future career than conference contacts </li></ul><ul><li>There should be more accent on involvment in (professional) associations (ex. scientific committees) than in conference attendance, also in recognition </li></ul><ul><li>Marie Curie individual fellowships, and other individual national fellowships from abroad should be recognised as eligible to join a COST action in order to be included in a network </li></ul>
  67. 67. Conclusions (3) <ul><li>Marie Curie Fellowship have the far best funding for conference attendance, but it is a double issue here: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The short duration of the fellowship does not allow for doing both research and the lengthy process of publishing in a journal or a book chapter </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>It may lead to a tendency to publish in conference proceedings I became aware of only later. I finished books started during a funding at the time of the next funding, but the journal papers were published when there was no funding left … </li></ul></ul><ul><li>There should be more accent in MC fellowships in having peer reviewed journal publications in international databases, ISI proceedings and so on </li></ul>
  68. 68. Conclusions (4) <ul><li>The expectations in Germany were that I return to Romania and help improving the level in the country, but there was no support. The cooperation programme with Romania has been no starting point. </li></ul><ul><li>After the Marie Curie Fellowship in Italy there was a reintegration grant. The reintegration grant stimulates return as you have something to start from. In my case it was a return to the initial field of architecture, and is now focusing on personalities (also the role models) However, perspectives for advancement in the job are given by the multiyear experience in natural disasters (including new enrolment to doctorate) </li></ul><ul><li>There are problems in implementation of Marie Curie fellowships because the fellow is at the good will of the host institution, who receives the money and applies the contract the way it is easiest for the institution, not best for the fellow. </li></ul>
  69. 69. Conclusions (5) <ul><li>Marie Curie Fellowships are not so known as national funding programmes. As Marie Curie Fellow one is treated as „visiting researcher“, what does not happen with national, not mobility directed, programmes (even if temporary) </li></ul><ul><li>There are many kinds of Marie Curie Fellowships and the host institutions tend not to distinguish between them. </li></ul><ul><li>The host for the Marie Curie fellowship was in a highly specialised field, and concentration to a single project did not help multidisciplinarity and openness to different subjects to be developed in future projects, as it was in case of working simultaneously on more projects, if the legislation would have allowed </li></ul>
  70. 70. Conclusions (6) <ul><li>In case of the reintegration grant, which is a foundation, little knowledge in Romania about what a Marie Curie fellowship is leads to the missunderstanding that the foundation finances it, and not the EC </li></ul><ul><ul><li>The Marie Curie certificates from side of the EC for individual fellowships should be reintroduced </li></ul></ul><ul><li>The peer review experience should be appreciated and the fellows encouraged to become reviewers for FP7 projects to keep contact with the EC </li></ul>
  71. 71. Thank you!

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