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[Day 3] Agcommons: What We've Heard


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Presented by Jennifer Barnes (CH2M Hill) at the CGIAR-CSI Annual Meeting 2009: Mapping Our Future. March 31 - April 4, 2009, ILRI Campus, Nairobi, Kenya

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[Day 3] Agcommons: What We've Heard

  1. 1. AGCommons Phase 1 Learning/Consultation Process Results of Scan and West African Outreach 16-27 March 2009 1
  2. 2. Overview  Outreach Approach  What We Heard in West Africa  Key Observations or Findings  Potential Projects 2
  3. 3. Outreach Objectives  Understand existing information and infrastructure  ID farmers information needs  Get to know potential partners 3
  4. 4. Outreach Approach  Scan of existing organizations and programs  Individual meeting with stakeholders  Mini-workshops  Field visits 4
  5. 5. Outreach Locations  West Africa  East Africa – Mali – Kenya – Burkina Faso – Uganda – Ghana – Rwanda  CSI Meeting  Rome  Washington DC
  6. 6. West Africa Outreach Stakeholders Government Ag Research/ NGOs/ Tech Farmers Farmer Agencies Finance Companies Associations IGM IER Afribone APCAM Ministry of Ag ICRISAT DNA AOPP Univ. of Bamako IFDC SLM Project CNOP IGB IFDC IABER ROPPA SONAGESS DGPSE/MRA SIGET-A Pag-La-Yiri DENAG FENOP SISA AP/CONEDD Survey Dept IWMI CERSGIS FONG CSIR ADB ADRA Ministry of Ag TIPCEE Cocoa Board MiDA SRID esoko NASRDA 6
  7. 7. Individual Meetings Types of Questions  Existing agricultural data  Current information provided to farmers  Current ICT infrastructure out to farmers  Similar programs and activities  Other information that could help farmers increase income  Potential challenges  Specific information needs and challenges of female farmers 7
  8. 8. Field visit to Reo Village area Burkina Faso 8
  9. 9. Mini-Workshop  Introductions  Presentation on AGCommons – Discussion  Small Group Exercise – Identification of potential projects – Female Farmers  Wrap up 9
  10. 10. What We Heard – Sound bytes  “Who would I need information from, I am the farmer here” – Farmer in Reo village, Burkina Faso  “We have failed to meet the needs of the farmers by providing location-specific information” – IER, Mali 10
  11. 11. What We Heard – Sound bytes  “We have not discussed the aspect of providing information to women farmers” – Pag-La-Yiri, Burkina Faso  “Farmers need to see proof that new technologies work; climate risk is so big that trust is hard to establish” – Ministry of Agriculture, Statistics, Burkina Faso 11
  12. 12. What We Heard - Sound bytes  “Location-specific pest monitoring could cut in half the quantity of pesticides required to cotton crops and directly impact farmer’s bottom line” – Agriculture Development Bank (ADB), Ghana  “Applying location intelligence to existing market information systems, would reduce the length and number of messages, thereby reducing costs for farmers to access information” – esoko, Ghana 12
  13. 13. What We Heard - Sound bytes  “An accurate calculation for the area of a farmer’s plot can save them up to 40 percent on inputs” – ADB and TIPCEE  “The timeliness of information is critical to value it can provide to farmers. They need market price information at the moment of harvest. If there is something that they want and need more than the best price for their products, it is cash in hand.” – TIPCEE 13
  14. 14. Existing Information Dissemination Structures  Farmers’ organizations exist that link the farmer to national government  Value chain optimization focused on fertilizer inputs  Examples where location-specific information services have effectively supported a specific crop or set of crops  Market price dissemination networks (TV, Radio, SMS, e-mail, community bulletin boards)  Local mapping capacities
  15. 15. Lack of information scaled and distributed to the farmer level Information being produced at the national and regional level Government Agencies Donors/ Research NGOs organizations 15
  16. 16. AGCommons will provide location- specific information to the farmer Inputs Market Climate Farmers 16
  17. 17. Farmer Value/Information Chain Harvesting/ Deciding Planting Growing Selling Transport Information Needs Information Needs Information Needs Information Needs Information Needs • Price • Sowing date • Pest and disease • Price • Price • Availability • Preparation advice mitigation advice • Market/trader • Storage cost and • Suitability • • Crop management Soil fertility advice location availability • Credit • advice Pest and disease • Travel cost and • Transport cost Data Sources • Irrigation advice management availability and availability • Market intelligence advice Data Sources Data Sources • Soils , water and Data Sources Data Sources climate data • Pest and disease • Storage, market • Market prices by • Rainfall forecasts • Credit offers monitoring and and trade hub location and • Cultivation best forecasts locations Providers product practices • Rainfall forecasts • Market prices and • Agric Ministry • Travel cost • Soil information storage costs • Other Gov surface service Providers • Farmer’s Assoc. Providers Providers • Farmer’s • Ag Research Providers • Financial associations • Agric Ministry • Local NGOs • • Other Gov institutions Extension workers • Farmer’s • Intl Dev Orgs • Farmer’s Assoc. • • Ag Research Other Gov Association • Financial • Ag Research • • Local NGOs • Ag Research Local NGOs institutions • Local NGOs • • Extension • Extension • Extension Financial • Extension workers Workers Institutions Workers Workers 17
  18. 18. Information that helps smallholder farmers  Strengthening agriculture value chains – Inputs (seed, fertilizer and pesticide) – Market intelligence  Selection of appropriate crops – Soil data – Rainfall  Support for crop management – Location and crop specific cultivation advice – Early warning systems for pests and disease – Climate change and rainfall predictability Building trust with farmers is critical to their acceptance of information 18
  19. 19. Challenges exist to provide information to help farmers  Current data is not provided in map- or time-scales that are relevant to farmer  Lack of effective networks and channels to disseminate information to farmers – Government extension agents are not working  Land tenure issues make it difficult for farmers to invest in their land – Electricity for charging cell phones in rural areas needs to be provided for (solar solutions)  Many past efforts didn’t last past project funding  Local languages 19
  20. 20. Challenges for Women Farmers  Providing information to women farmers is difficult and requires special focus – Men own the radios and the cell phones – Men attend the farmers meetings – Most women farmers are illiterate  Cultural aspects of engaging women farmers, especially in Mali and Burkina Faso 20
  21. 21. How AGCommons will help address these challenges  Build shared platform – Hosting for data dissemination – Core location services – Access to low-cost and high-resolution imagery for a variety of applications  Develop dissemination channels – Build upon existing information networks and infrastructure – Spatially enable information dissemination – Create SMS interfaces for information delivery and collection to and from farmers  Specific Projects 21
  22. 22. Potential AGCommons projects  Convening on market intelligence – Adding location intelligence to existing systems – Scaling out and replicating local successes regionally  Plot level mapping – Using imagery and GPS to map specific cropping systems critical for food security or highly susceptible to climate stress – Direct reduction of farmers’ costs by knowing accurate acreage for services they paid for 22
  23. 23. Potential AGCommons projects  Land use map at a scale relevant to farmers to help manage conflicts at the national level  Agricultural atlas – Assemble layers specifically relevant to farmer decision-making – Identify and prioritize gaps for further data development  Potential site-specific projects 23
  24. 24. Rehabilitation of cocoa farms in eastern region of Ghana Information Communication Channels  Farm location  Extension services – spatial analysis to  Area under cultivation reinvigorate extension  No of trees per farm resources  Soil information  FM radio station  Age class of trees  Farmer field schools  Location of marketing  Video viewing centers centers (depots)  Location of social amenities 24
  25. 25. Support for women Fisher-woman in coastal Ghana Information Communication Channels  Market information  Farmers associations – Where to sell/buy  SMS through mobile – Price in various markets phones (major)  Farmer representatives – Market demand  Location of storage facilities – Distance to nearest facility – Charges – Conditions 25
  26. 26. Develop a women’s producer association in Nyamina, Mali Rationale: women farmers lack information on choice of seeds / varieties and on fruit / vegetable storage methods Information Communication Channels  Transportation  Develop local networks information centers  Location of  Monthly meetings microfinance institutions  Location of storage facilities
  27. 27. Discussion 27
  28. 28. Mapping Parties  Mapping Parties and Crowdsource Capacity Building – Organize 3-5 informal mapping parties representing West, East and Southern Africa to map roads and agriculture features – Build capacity and act as catalyst to dormant GIS communities across Africa. 28
  29. 29. Hosting Extensions  Develop Extensions into Shared Hosting – Read/Write capabilities from international SMS shortcodes – Develop repository for crowd mapping and other location based data. – Publish shared web services 29
  30. 30. Geospatial Interoperability  Develop geospatial publishing – Write data directly from GIS clients (ESRI, uDig, Other) to Geonetwork metadata portal. – Publish and read directly to GIEWS Workstation – Publish and read directly from AgroMaps – Publish and read directly from shared hosting environment 30
  31. 31. Agriculture Mobile Services  Agriculture Geospatial Information Services for SSA – Develop “location intelligence” services and APIs that provide core functions for location referencing and spatial analyses – Create SMS interface to services both for information delivery to farmers and information collection from farmers – Provide localized versions of products in national languages – Distribution of datasets and training at CLICs and ABIPs – Capacity building and training programs to support use and maintenance. 31