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[Day 2] Center Presentation: ICIMOD (1/2)


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Presented by Salman Asif Siddiqui (ICIMOD) at the CGIAR-CSI Annual Meeting 2009: Mapping Our Future. March 31 - April 4, 2009, ILRI Campus, Nairobi, Kenya

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[Day 2] Center Presentation: ICIMOD (1/2)

  1. 1. Activities at ICIMOD Spatial Solutions Day CGIAR-CSI Annual Meeting ILRI, Nairobi Salman Asif Siddiqui Email: International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development Kathmandu, Nepal
  2. 2. The International Centre for Integrated Mountain Development (ICIMOD) The Hindu Kush-Himalayan Region A regional mountain knowledge, learning and Extends over 3500 km from Afghanistan to Myanmar And Home to 200 million People enabling centre devoted to sustainable mountain development in the Hindu Kush-Himalayan region Information and Knowledge are chief Commodities of the Centre An intergovernmental and independent organisation with eight member states
  3. 3. The Hindu Kush- Himalayan Region Mountain Perspective Framework Extends over 3500 km from Afghanistan to Myanmar and Home to 150 million People Inaccessibility • World’s highest peaks and deepest gorges and with very high degree of inaccessibility; Verticality • Extremely rugged terrain with high topographic variations within short distances Fragility • Youngest geological formation and fragile mountain ecosystem; • Prone to natural disasters: earthquakes, landslides, flash floods and GLOFs; Diversity • Diverse physical, climatic and social conditions; Mountain Geography plays a single most Marginality dominant role in its development • One of the poorest region of the world and often marginalised by main development mainstream
  4. 4. Mountain Matters: Water Signifying the Water Tower of Asia - 10 Large River Basins
  5. 5. Mountain Matters: Bio-Diversity Sikkim Eastern Himalayas Darjeeling listed as a Global Biodiversity Hotspot
  6. 6. Mountains: Prone to Natural Disaster 8 October 2005 – Pakistan Earthquake 12 May 2008 – Sichuan Earthquake Weather and climate induced disasters are on the rise !!! Nargis Cyclone 3 May 2008 – Myanmar Disaster Hot Spots !!! Photo Credit : Nabin Mangal Joshi, DoI
  7. 7. Retreating Imja glacier and growing glacial Lake SPACE SHUTTLE METRIC CAMERA 2 DEC 1983 CORONA 15 DEC 1962 IRS LISS3 2006 IRS ID PAN 19 MAR 2001 LANDSAT TM 1992
  8. 8. Imja Glacier, Nepal – Repeat Photography 1956 photograph of Imja glacier (Photo: Fritz Muller; courtesy of Jack Ives) 2006 photograph of Imja glacier (Photo: Giovanni Kappenberger courtesy of Alton C Byers)
  9. 9. Simulation of GLOF scenario from Imja Flood arrival time and discharge from Imja GLOF Discharge Place Ch (km) Time(min) Flood Depth (m) (m3s-1) Imja lake 0.0 0.0 5461 outlet Dingboche 7.518 13.9 5094 5.81 Orso 11.545 18.8 4932 5.53 Pangboche 13.648 21.3 4800 7.62 Larja Dovan 25.940 34.8 3223 6.91 Confluence) Bengkar 29.669 38.8 2447 6.64 Ghat 34.559 46.4 2355 5.75 GLOF hydrograph of Imja Peak flow and peak flood depth along the rivers
  10. 10. Data - A Common Denominator Socio- • Many applications economy use a basic set of Natural common data. Air Hazard • Data are often with Data different organizations Landcover Water / Landuse Biodiversity Access to quality data Is the Key
  11. 11. Mountain Environment and Natural Resources’ Information System (MENRIS) Programme To develop and institutionalize integrated and innovative geo-based solutions and foster information and knowledge management within ICIMOD and its cooperation partners to support informed decision-making for Major Foci mountain policies and practices.  Mainstreaming MENRIS instruments  Regional networking and up-scaling  Innovation and technology transfer  Open access and regional platform
  12. 12. Capacity Building and regional GIS network • Regional and National GIS/RS Training Course • Exchange of Scientists and Internship • University GIS/RS Network • GIS/RS E-learning System
  13. 13. GIS/RS/DSS Training Manuals Training Courses • Professional • Technical • Policy Applications of geo-informatics and Decision Support Systems
  14. 14. GeoSpatial Metadata management system Afghanistan Bangladesh Metadata Catalog Server Bhutan Mountain GI Community China Web Open Source OGC-Standards Interoperability Partnership India Metadata Pakistan Myanmar Nepal
  15. 15. Applications and DSS Water and Hazard • Assessment and monitoring of Ice and Water Resources • Multi-hazard risk mapping; Regional Hazard Atlas • Flood modeling and mapping Simulation of GLOF and Hazard Assessmen • Climate change impact assessment Tea Garden Settlement - BuiltUp Livelihood and Poverty • Poverty mapping and monitoring Amliso • Socio-economic analysis Plantation (Tiger • Medicinal plant assessment Grass) Evergreen forest CinCona Ecosystem Services Forest • Rangeland assessment and monitoring • Bio-diversity corridor mapping; PA DSS • Integrated watershed management – DSS • Participatory 3-D modeling
  16. 16. Evolving technology and application Near real time application Satellite and Ice Water Resources Users End Products and Regional Landcover Mapping Services DisasterDatabase Risk Mapping Server Transboundary Air Pollution Receiver breaks… Tracking If Imja Monitoring Thematic Processing Dingboch e (Photo: 2006)
  17. 17. Clearing House  Collaborative effort to build, share and disseminate earth observation derived information and knowledge resources Mountain GeoPortal
  18. 18. Clearing House  Collaborative effort to build, share and disseminate earth observation derived information and knowledge resources Mountain GeoPortal
  19. 19. Key Components of Mountain GeoPortal  Regional Gateway and geo- information services  Decentralized and distributed network  Decision support for integrated mountain development
  20. 20. Mountain GeoNetwork - Introduction • Metadata management system developed by ICIMOD to promote access, use and sharing of geo-information resources in the Hindu Kush Himalayan region. • The system promotes systematic development of metadata adhering to international standards in a distributed and decentralized network environment.
  21. 21. Mountain GeoNetwork - Introduction • The system is embedded with interactive web mapping services with OGC standards • Cataloguing of satellite images in Google Earth Environment • URL::
  22. 22. Mountain GeoNetwork - Introduction Information sharing hub for the ICIMOD & RMCs Key Resources (As of now) Serving 2483 metadata including ~ 322 vector dataset ~ 1513 satellite images ~ 1200 digital maps Search for information Simple search Advance search More filters for the query Spatial search on WMS. Metadata management system Group / User Management Privilege setup to the metadata
  23. 23. Expanding technology Node setup with RMCs • Build nodes on the HKH regional countries. • Training in metadata and GeoNetwork. • Node setup with GeoNetwork Opensource. • Built ISO 19115 standard metadata. • Technical support as needed. • Viewing geographic information over the internet (WMS) …
  24. 24. Regional Geo-Data Sharing Network  Internal Nodes HKKH partnership project Highland Wetland Initiative  Regional Active Nodes CAS, China DSLR, Bhutan WWF-P, Pakistan LGED, Bangladesh AIMS, Afghanistan ICIMOD  International Nodes CSI-CGIAR FAO • Future nodes setup Myanmar India
  25. 25. Additional components Internet web mapping with GeoServer opensource
  26. 26. Additional components Image cataloging with Google Earth
  27. 27. Capacity building One-week training course
  28. 28. Knowledgebase – HKKH Partnetship Project • Standards for Metadata: ISO19115 • Platform: FAO’s GeoNetwork (Opensource) • Spatial • Bibliography • Model • URL:
  29. 29. Knowledgebase – Spatial data Spatial • Around 150 spatial layers and Sat. Images
  30. 30. Knowledgebase - Bibliography Bibliography • 1251 records
  31. 31. Benefits • The information sharing will enhance the information on the regional scale and can be used by all decision makers to use the information in effective way. • It also will act as the knowledge and experiences sharing to all the RMCs of ICIMOD and can improve the spatial data management technology in the uniform way. • The professional services and technical knowledge can be exchanged.
  32. 32. Land Cover Classification Harmonized and Standardized
  33. 33. Forest land in global land cover datasets
  34. 34. The requirements • Harmonized and standardized collection of land cover data; • Availability of land cover data for a wide range of applications and users; • Comparison and correlation of land cover classes.
  35. 35. Land cover map Detailed land cover, IKONOS (2001) Overall Classification Accuracy = 92.31%
  36. 36. Land cover change 1992 - 2006 Increase Decrease No (from other (to other Class change classes) classes) Net change Forest 8315 1265 2124 -859 Shrub 13575 4104 2680 1425 Grass 3956 4527 2406 2121 Snow 20721 908 11934 -11027 70000 60000 50000 Area in hectares 40000 30000 20000 10000 0 General Land Cover Class 1992 2000 2006
  37. 37. Land Cover Mapping- CKNP Land cover mapping following similar methodology
  38. 38. Quomolangma Nature Preserve – TAR/ China • Collaboration with IGSNRR-CAS, China • GIS training
  39. 39. Land Cover Mapping – Networking and Up scaling • Partnership with FAO: Benefit from international knowledge and customize for regional and national benefits • Institutional networking with relevant partners in RMCs: important for harmonized data and its sharing across the region • Land Cover: At Regional and National Levels
  40. 40. Regional Land Cover Mapping • In collaboration with FAO • Legend based on LCCS Methodology • Using IRS-AWiFs Data • Object Based Classification Techniques
  41. 41. Thank you