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[Day 1] Keynote - Opening Remarks and Challenges


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Presented by Bashir Jama (AGRA) at the
CGIAR-CSI Annual Meeting 2009: Mapping Our Future. March 31 - April 4, 2009, ILRI Campus, Nairobi, Kenya

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[Day 1] Keynote - Opening Remarks and Challenges

  1. 1. Opening Remarks & Challenges Bashir Jama, AGRA Mapping Our Future a CSI / AGCommons Vision & Agenda CGIAR Consortium on Spatial Information (CSI) Annual Meeting, ILRI, Nairobi, 31 March to 4 April 2009
  2. 2. Overview AGRA • Focus on agricultural development in Africa • A new model for development engagement The Soil Health Program • Need / opportunity for improved location-specific data and analysis to support that initiative • Special role for and linkages to AfSIS Challenge to the Geospatial Community  What the community needs to do, how, and with whom
  3. 3. What is AGRA? A dynamic partnership working across Africa to help millions of small-scale farming families lift themselves out of poverty and hunger.
  4. 4. Mr Kofi A Annan, Chairman of AGRA
  5. 5. AGRA interventions can solve problems along the value chain Seeds Program Investments for the Green Market Access Policy & advocacy, M&E Soil Health Revolution Agricultural Extension Water Resources l l l l l l l l 2007 2008 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014
  6. 6. Policies and Partnerships Program Policies for rapid transformation of Africa’s agriculture • Accelerate investment in research and rural infrastructure • Smart subsidies for farm inputs (‘growth enhancement credits’) • Develop networks of agrodealers across rural areas • Secure national food supplies
  7. 7. Africa is very different from Asia: A uniquely African Green Revolution is needed that respects diversity The Sahelian Drylands Area: 1.2m km2 Population: 38m Millet & sorghum belt: 23m ha Moist Savanna and Humid Forest Zone Woodland Zones Area: 5.8m km2 Area: 4.4m km2 Population: 168m Population: 157m Cassava belt: 18m ha Maize belt: 32m ha NERICA potential: 2m ha CA potential: 7m ha
  8. 8. To succeed in sub-Saharan Africa, AGRA must overcome enormous challenges Ecological diversity Diverse soils Many crop species Segmented political landscape Erratic rainfall Low adoption of improved crop varieties Soil Classes of Africa
  9. 9. Soil nutrient mining is killing Africa! 1995-97 2002-04 Source: IFDC
  10. 10. Key entry points: Unhealthy soils Untamed water
  11. 11. Netherlands Vietnam Fertilizer Japan UK use per China France ha in sub- Brazil USA Saharan India South Africa Africa is Cuba the lowest Benin Malawi in the Ethiopia Mali world Burkina Faso Nigeria Tanzania Mozambique Guinea Ghana Uganda 600 kg/ha 100 200 300 400 500 0 Sources: FAOSTAT 2003, Norman Borlaug 2004
  12. 12. The Soil Health Program (SHP Objective 1: Supply locally Objective 2: Adoption of appropriate appropriate fertilizers ISFM technology packages Objective 3: Create accommodative policy environment
  13. 13. SHP Sub-Programs 1. Fertilizer Supply Program • Focuses on the production and distribution (i.e. importing and wholesale) elements of the fertilizer supply chain 2. Soil health training sub-program • Invest in African extension workers, technicians and scientists to facilitate the development and extension of new and existing ISFM technology packages
  14. 14. SHP Sub-Programs… 3. Soil health research sub-program • Focuses on supporting the development, adaptation and fine-tuning of ISFM technologies 4. Soil health extension sub-program • Focuses on scaling up ISFM technological packages to thousands of farmers
  15. 15. Quick impacts • Identify large scale value chain type projects in key breadbaskets • Support national implementation task forces and policy hubs • Each project targets 20,000 to 100,000 farmers along value chain – involves the other programs • Each project incorporates MSc and PhD training opportunities 15
  16. 16. Soil Map of the World, vol. 6, Africa (FAO/UNESCO, 1977)
  17. 17. Bringing Soil Science into the 21st Century • Supply dynamic soil information • Local scale: Provide support tools for farmers and extension staff • National scale: Advise national policy makers on fertilizers recommendations • Global scale: Provide information for global databases
  18. 18. Africa Soil Information Services (AfSIS) • Aims at increasing access to a reliable, flexible and dynamic soil-health information service for the ultimate benefit of the African smallholder farm family • Available opportunities: – Recent advances in digital soil mapping, – Infrared spectroscopy, – Remote sensing, – Statistics
  19. 19. Mapping recommendation domains for ISFM technologies and use of improved seed
  20. 20. Mali Mapping Nigeria Ghana agro-dealer Uganda network Kenya coverage Tanzania Zambia Malawi
  21. 21. Using GIS tools to map out grain trade flow in eastern and southern Africa
  22. 22. Geospatial Community Challenge 1 • A clear vision and strategy urgently needed for the development and delivery of the key geospatial products and services for the next 5-10 years • Vital that the community supports and strengthens the new generation of development mechanisms and institutions in Africa (eg, CAADP, AGRA)
  23. 23. Geospatial Community Challenge 2  Strongly encourage CSI and AGCommons to continue to build their strong partnership.  Expand the collaboration to engage with CAADP and AGRA initiatives.  Train and strengthen the capacity of national institutions in geospatial techniques.  Urge boldness and pragmatism in your deliberations about a new vision and turn into action and impact fast.
  24. 24. Thank you