Medical terminology[1]


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Medical Term Class Chapter 9

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Medical terminology[1]

  1. 1. Medical Terminology Chapter 9H Candice Sherman
  2. 2. UTI <ul><li>Abbreviations for urinary tract infection </li></ul><ul><li>A urinary tract infection is an infection that can happen anywhere with the urinary tract. </li></ul><ul><li>UTIs can have different names depending on the part of the urinary tract is infected. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>cystitis- bladder infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Pyelonephritis-kidney infection </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Urethritis-an infection of the tube that empties urine from the bladder to the outside </li></ul></ul>
  3. 3. Symptoms of UTI <ul><li>Cloudy or bloody urine which can sometimes have a strong foul odor </li></ul><ul><li>Low fever may vary from person to person </li></ul><ul><li>Pain or burning with urination </li></ul><ul><li>Pressure or cramping in the lower abdomen </li></ul><ul><li>A strong need to urinate often even when the bladder has such been emptied. </li></ul><ul><li>If infection has spread to the kidneys these or some symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Chills and shaking or night sweats </li></ul><ul><li>Fatigue and a general ill feeling </li></ul><ul><li>Fever above 101 degrees </li></ul><ul><li>Back or groin pain </li></ul><ul><li>Flush, warm or reddish of the skin </li></ul><ul><li>May have a feeling of nausea or vomiting </li></ul><ul><li>Severe abdominal pain </li></ul>
  4. 4. Treatments for UTI <ul><li>Antibiotics can be taken by mouth are usually what’s recommended. </li></ul><ul><li>Bladder infections antibiotics will be taken for 3 days for women and 7-14 days for men </li></ul><ul><li>Must make sure that all prescribed drugs are taken until completion. </li></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Different antibiotics </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Trimethoprim-sulfamethoxaole </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Amoxicillin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Augmentin </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Doxycycline </li></ul></ul></ul>
  5. 5. CRF <ul><li>Abbreviation for chronic renal failure </li></ul><ul><li>This is a disease is the slow loss of kidney function that will happen over time </li></ul><ul><li>The kidneys main function in the body is to remove waste and excess water from the body. </li></ul><ul><li>Symptoms of CRF </li></ul><ul><li>Feeling ill and fatigue </li></ul><ul><li>Itching and dry skin </li></ul><ul><li>Headaches </li></ul><ul><li>Weight loss </li></ul><ul><li>Loss of appetite </li></ul><ul><li>Felling nausea </li></ul><ul><li>These symptoms come when the kidneys worsen over time </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormally dark or light skin </li></ul><ul><li>Bone pain </li></ul><ul><li>Breath odor </li></ul><ul><li>Easy to be bruised </li></ul><ul><li>Bleeding in the stool </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive thirst </li></ul><ul><li>Menstrual period stops </li></ul><ul><li>Swelling of hands and feet </li></ul>
  6. 6. RP <ul><li>Abbreviation for Retrograde pyelogram </li></ul><ul><li>Uses a dye to figure out what is blocking the urinary tract ie: kidney stones </li></ul><ul><li>During test a cystoscope will be inserted into the urethra (carries urine out of the body) </li></ul><ul><li>Reasons for RP </li></ul><ul><li>If the tests doesn’t show reason for the urinary symptoms </li></ul><ul><li>Can not be done because of possible chronic kidney disease </li></ul><ul><li>Person is allergic to iodine-based dyes used in intravenoud pyelogram </li></ul>
  7. 7. Results of RP <ul><li>When doing the retrograde pyelogram the following results can appear: </li></ul><ul><li>Normal: the bladder, kidneys all appear normal </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal: when doing the test the dye wasn’t flowing due to a block such as a stone or another problem in the urinary system. </li></ul>
  8. 8. ESWL <ul><li>Abbreviation for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy </li></ul><ul><li>This procedure breaks kidney stones in to small pieces which could travel to the urinary tract </li></ul><ul><li>This procedure involves local anesthesia </li></ul><ul><li>Patient lie on a water cushion and a surgeon uses X-rays test to locate the stone </li></ul><ul><li>This takes about an hour </li></ul>
  9. 9. What is expected after Procedure <ul><li>With this procedure you are able to go home and do not have to spend the night in hospital </li></ul><ul><li>Take a few days for all the stones pieces to pass from your body. </li></ul><ul><li>May have a little pain as the stones passes through </li></ul>
  10. 10. BUN <ul><li>Abbreviations stands for blood urea nitrogen. </li></ul><ul><li>Urea nitrogen is what forms when protein breaks down </li></ul><ul><li>This is a procedure that can be done to measure the amount of urea nitrogen in blood </li></ul><ul><li>How is test done?? </li></ul><ul><li>Blood is drawn from the vein </li></ul><ul><li>Usually taken from inside of the elbow or back of the hand </li></ul><ul><li>Infants or children the test is performed using a lancet to puncture the skin to make bleed </li></ul>
  11. 11. Why is test done??? <ul><li>This test is done to check kidney function </li></ul><ul><li>Normal results are 7-20mg but may vary from person to person </li></ul><ul><li>Abnormal results mean that there are higher levels which can be because of: </li></ul><ul><li>Congestive heart failure </li></ul><ul><li>Excessive protein level in the gastrointestinal tract </li></ul><ul><li>Hypovolemia </li></ul><ul><li>Heart attack </li></ul><ul><li>Kidney failure </li></ul><ul><li>Urinary tract obstruction </li></ul>