Big Data Is Here - Now What?


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Presentation from Interop NYC, October 2012

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  • “We’re entering a new world where information is the currency of the global enterprise,”
  • SLIDE OBJECTIVE – to highlight the presence of Extreme Information and its implicationsKEY POINTSWe highlighted earlier the tremendous VOLUME of information being created. But Gartner and others also have shared their findings and observations around the emergence of ‘Extreme Information’, which also involves three other complicating dimensions to information.Along with Volume, there’s the VELOCITY. Relevant, valuable information for an enterprise is coming at such a torrential pace it’s become a real-time phenomenon requiring real-time capabilities.Next is VARIETY – which you can see from just the subset of information sources shown here.Finally there’s the COMPLEXITY of where it lives and moves. From server to cloud to hybrid to device and back and forth.TRANSITION – Unstructured and semi-unstructured is what we call ‘Human Information’.
  • SLIDE OBJECTIVE – to illustrate the predominance of the new “human” information sources in what’s being created and consumed and needs to be leveraged.KEY POINTS:1. According to IDC’s Digital Universe Study released this summer, the world’s “digital universe” is in the process of generating 1.8 Zettabytes of information - with continuing exponential growth – projecting to 35 Zettabytes in 2020. The information generated by sensor data is going to escalate this growth! 70% of the information in the digital universe is generated by individuals; enterprises have some liability for 80% of information at some point in its digital life. Since 2005, enterprises have invested $4 Trillion dollars on hardware, software, services and staff to create, manage, store – and derive revenue from – information.2. “Human-friendly” information makes up about 85 percent of all data and includes emails, audio, video, social networking, blogs, call center conversations, machine-generated sensor data, and more. It grows at a breathtaking rate: 62 percent CAGR. This is the future of information computing and it represents a fundamental shift in the way people and businesses interact with information.Beyond its sheer size, unstructured information is where all the interesting, differentiating, and vital things happen. When processing information looking to uncover a crime, investigators look for incriminating emails. When trying to understand their customer base, marketers look for information on their customers. But, unfortunately, customers don’t send you databases; they tweet or blog. And this is only becoming more complicated with the explosion of social media activity.TRANSITION – Provide further explanations and context to Human Information
  • SLIDE OBJECTIVE – To understand the current state of Information Optimization, HP commissioned an independent study to focus on information growth and challenges. This study was conducted by Coleman Parkes in October 2011 using 554 telephone interviews among senior business executives and senior technology executives in Enterprise-level companies around the globe to understand their information management challenges, priorities, and perspectives. Some of the key results:KEY POINTS:Almost 50 percent of executives believe that they do not have an effective information strategy in place—a strategy that cuts across organizational silos, technologies and strategic functions.Only 2 percent report that they can deliver the right information at the right time to support the right business outcome 100 percent of the time.34% of respondents indicated that more than 50 percent of all the information within their organization remains unconnected, undiscovered and unused.35% of respondents indicated they were not effective at accessing business information as and when needed for legal/compliance and operational needs.TRANSITION – And the pace and direction of change heading into the next 5 years is taking shape already.
  • SLIDE OBJECTIVE – to highlight what is new and different – and important – in the world of InformationKEY POINTSThe world is a very different place than it was even five short years ago. It’s getting bigger digitally; but even more notable than the size increase of the world’s data growing by 50 percent each month, is the shift from primarily ‘structured’ information to ‘unstructured’:Recently, Forrester noted that they “estimate that firms effectively utilize less than 5% of available data”. (Source: Big Data Will Help Shape Your Market’s Next Big Winners, “The Forrester Blogs for Enterprise Architecture Professionals” -Brian Hopkins’, September 30, 2011).It’s no wonder. Information no longer is just the ‘database rows and columns’ of structured information. It’s the unstructured information in videos, images, audio files and all the social media and social networking channels that are increasingly adopted by business and government enterprises.TRANSITION – And the pace and direction of change heading into the next 5 years is taking shape already.
  • SLIDE OBJECTIVE: Examples of monetizing Information – for revenue growth and competitive advantageKEY POINTS:Digital information is now everywhere – in every sector, in every economy, in every organization and user of digital technology. This information can create significant value for the world economy, enhancing the productivity and competitiveness of companies
  • SLIDE OBJECTIVE: Analyzing and mining social media to drive business value; revenue and competitive advantage.KEY POINTS: Groupon’s making the most out of its millions of users, and analyzes its big data to determine the effectiveness of its advertising expenditures, consumer behavior as well as purchaser demographics and location. Groupon analyzes its data to create more personalized offers and is targeted to particular consumer interests have generated more purchases per customer. Groupon’s data analysis has led to better marketing insights on customer habits and preferences and delivers it as a service back to their merchants.The New York Jets launched their Ultimate Fan game in September 2010, which was the first revenue generating Facebook app to be backed by a pro sports team. The application lets football fans do online what they would normally do at home and in stadiums—root for their favorite teams and players, predict game scores, and hold a virtual tailgate party with other fans from across the globe. The Jets are able to engage with their fans and make them feel like they are part of the team. They are leveraging social medial to capitalize on their fans' passion for the team and their willingness to share that fervor. PETCO is yet another example. The company provided a promo code to their customers for $40 in free shipping. The person who shared their code with the most people won a $500 PETCO gift card. About 40 percent of the sales that resulted from this promotional push came from new consumers. The desire to save a few dollars on shipping costs drove loyal PETCO customers to connect with the larger pet owner community and spread the word about the store via social media.
  • Knowing what happened and why it happened are no longer adequate. Leaders need to know what is happening now, what is likely to happen next and, what actions they should take for optimal results.
  • SLIDE OBJECTIVE: Today, unstructured data accounts for 85 percent of the information in the digital universe. and its growing at a breathtaking rate: 62 percent CAGR. KEY POINTS: In looking at information’s history and advancements in the last 50 years, the databases of the 1960s were run on computers that were not powerful enough to understand ‘real-world’, rich information as humans could. To handle this, we had to create a new machine-friendly paradigm, which gave rise to a structured data world.As computer processing power increased, this machine-friendly paradigm proved very useful to business. When information was structured, its location gave it meaning. For instance, if a column stood to represent the ‘number of teddy bears in the warehouse’, when that column went to 0, an amazing thing would happen: the computer would automatically order more. The value here came from the computer’s ability to process the information, not merely to locate or retrieve it.
  • SLIDE OBJECTIVE: The technology stacks of yesterday were developed to process structured information and to provide answers to specific well-defined questions. The technology stack for today and the future combines the concepts and context from unstructured information with analysis of structured data. KEY POINTS: Here are some examples of the possibilities for leveraging both structured and unstructured information:The ability to identify a customer’s intent to purchase a product from their Twitter stream and instantly generate the most relevant offer to that customer based on similar buying patterns in structured data. A bank’s ability to analyze and form a credit risk assessment based upon sentiment in a phone conversation that is statistically correlated with credit risk data. Or a retailer comparing sensor data with pictures of store shelves to see in real-time what products are selling best. A next-generation retailer will be able to track the behavior of individual customers from Internet click streams, update their preferences, and model their likely behavior in real time.
  • SLIDE OBJECTIVE – to highlight that to get the most out of Human and Extreme Information, Automation and Real-Time Analysis are essential capabilities of Context-Aware and Pattern-Based Strategies. FOR EXAMPLEZynga – global gaming company has over 200 million monthly active users. They interact with their gamers real-time; they know what’s going on and change the game on the fly.  2. Tesco, the global grocery and general merchandise retailer, 3rd largest retailer in the world by revenues is able to optimize decisions on everything from pricing, promotions and shelf allocation, real-time.  3. The New York Time receives more than 30 million unique visitors per month. Real-time information lets them know what’s trending and why so they can leverage this knowledge immediately. TRANSITION – Understanding and leveraging both Human (e.g., Social, unstructured, multi-media) AND Extreme (huge, rapidly moving, real-time) Information
  • SLIDE OBJECTIVE: By simply making the right information more easily accessible to relevant stakeholders in a timely manner can create tremendous value.
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  • Big Data Is Here - Now What?

    1. 1. BIG DATA IS HERE Now What?Chris SellandHP Vertica©2012 Hewlett-Packard Development Company, L.P.The information contained herein is subject to change without notice
    2. 2. WHAT IS BIG DATA?Big Data: Volume, Velocity, Variety and Complexity Pattern-based Strategy DATASETS WHOSE Social Computing Context-Aware Computing VOLUME, VELOCITY, VARIE TY AND COMPLEXITY IS Velocity Volume BEYOND THE ABILITY OF AN ORGANIZATIONS’ Variety Complexity ABILITY TO CAPTURE, PROCESS, STOR INFORMATION SOURCES E, MANAGE AND ANALYZE. Social Media Video Audio Email Texts Mobile Transactional Data IT/OT Documents Search Engine Images *Gartner, Inc., ―Big Data‖ Is Only the Beginning of Extreme Information Management‖,3 HP Confidential Mark A. Beyer, Anne Lapkin, Nicholas Gall, Donald Feinberg, Valentin T. Sribar, Published 7 April 2011
    3. 3. “Big data has the potential to revolutionize management. Simply put, because of big data, managers can measure, and hence know, radically more about their businesses, and directly translate that knowledge into improved decision making and performance.”Erik Brynjolfsson and Andrew McAfee, Harvard Business Review, September 11, 2012
    4. 4. BIG DATA – BY THE NUMBERSThe world‘s ‗digital universe‘ is in the process of adding 1.8ZB in 2011with continuing exponential growth – projecting 35ZB in 2020*70% of the information in the digital universe is generated byindividuals$4 Trillion spent since 2005 by enterprises to capture, manage, storeand derive value from – information • In 15 of the US economy‘s 17 sectors, companies with more than 1,000 employees capture, manage store, on average, over 235TB of data85% of information is unstructured: • 97,000 TWEETS every second • 12 MILLION TEXTS every minute • 294 BILLION EMAILS every day *IDC, 2011 Digital Universe Study: Extracting Value from ChaosSocial Media5 Video Audio Email Texts Documents Images
    5. 5. BIG DATA = BIG CHALLENGESSenior Business and Technology Executives - Survey Data50% 2% 34% 35%Do not have an Can deliver the right 50% of information Organization is noteffective information, at right within organizations effective at accessinginformation time to support is unconnected, enterprise informationstrategy in place enterprise outcomes undiscovered and as and when needed 100% of the time unused for legal/compliance and operational needs6 HP Confidential
    6. 6. SUCCESS DEPENDS ON UNDERSTANDING ANDLEVERAGING ALL FORMS OF INFORMATION… …Unstructured and Structured Information …Today, organizations leverage just 5% of their information* *―We estimate that firms effectively utilize less than 5% of available data‖. Big Data Will Help Shape Your Market’s Next7 HP Confidential Big Winners, ―The Forrester Blogs for Enterprise Architecture Professionals‖ -Brian Hopkins‘, September 30, 2011
    7. 7. INFORMATION – CAPTURING ITS VALUE US HEALTH GLOBAL EUROPE CARE US RETAIL MANUFACTURING PERSONAL PUBLIC SECTOR LOCATION DATA Increase Increase net Increase Increase Decrease Industry margin by Industry value service dev., assemblValue per year per year by provider y costs by by revenue by $300B 60+ % -50% €250B $100B FORWARD-THINKING LEADERS HAVE BEGUN TO AGGRESSIVELY BUILD THEIR ORGANIZATIONS’ BIG DATA CAPABILITIES *McKinsey, 2011 Big Data: The Next Frontier of Innovation, Competition and Productivity
    8. 8. INFORMATION OPTIMIZATIONBRIDGING THE GAP FROM BIG DATA TO BUSINESS INSIGHTInformation Management Business Insight Decision-makers must be ready toInformation management target exactly the right price,has become the best product and/or service at eachoverarching term to describe core customer segment.the Companies require predictivecapturing, governing, manag analytics to drive competitiveing, storing, leveraging and advantage. Predictive analysis ensures that key decision-makersdisposing of all types of can instantly act upon theseinformation assets within an insights across the businessorganization Both Information and Information Technology are vital² ² Source: Gartner – Re-imagining IT: Principles for a proposed new CIO manifesto9 HP Confidential
    9. 9. SOCIAL MEDIA: WHERE‘S THE VALUE?Mining Social Media for Client Insights and Trends If Facebook were a country, It would be the third-largest in the world (between India and the U.S.)14001200 Twitter‘s world1000 rank would be 800 No.7 600 400 200 0 CHINA INDIA FACEBOOK UNITED STATES INDONESIA BRAZIL• The information in social media includes text (blogs, Facebook posts, twitter feeds), image (Flickr), video (YouTube), and audio• Today most of the activity in analyzing Social Media is in finding interesting connections of people (Social Network Analysis) and analyzing text from blogs, Facebook and Twitter• In the near future, organizations will want to expand beyond text to the full spectrum of content – image audio and video10 Source: Internet World Stats
    10. 10. MOVE FROM REACTIVE TO PREDICTIVE – ANDBEYOND In Flight FORESIGHT information - What will happen? INSIGHT - What is BETTER, HINDSIGHhappening now? SMARTER T – what ENTERPRISE happened? DECISIONS Active Inactiveinformation information11 HP Confidential
    11. 11. Until recently, only Structured Unstructuredstructured information has Amount 15% 85% Growth 22% 62% been leveraged……
    12. 12. DERIVE VALUE: FROM ALL INFORMATIONFORMS LEADS TO STRATEGIC DECISIONMAKING a•The ability to identify Track and understand • customer‘s intent to purchase a product from their twitter stream generate the most identify a customer‘s customer sentiments on social and instantly generate the most relevant offer intent to purchase media sites and forums relevant offer to that customer • Track service issues, brand based on similar buying perception, customer noise patterns in structured data. • Eliminate disparate and siloed• A bank‘s ability to analyze and information pools with form a credit risk assessment comprehensive real-time risk based upon sentiment in a analysis phone conversation that is • Identify cross-selling statistically correlated with opportunities credit risk data. • Improve operational efficiency• Or a retailer comparing sensor Similar buying patterns by identifying the most data with pictures of store in structured data profitable markets, customers shelves to see in real-time what and products products are selling best.13 HP Confidential
    13. 13. AUTOMATED REAL-TIME ANALYSIS – A GAME CHANGERUsing Context-aware Computing and Pattern-based StrategyTODAYLEVERAGING 100% ENTERPRISE RELEVANT INFORMATION – IMAGINE THE OPPORTUNITIESHigh volume products Tesco compares sensor The New York Timessuch as social games data with pictures of homepage feature articlesor apps can optimize store shelves to see in change multiple times atheir products within real-time what products day. How do they decideminutes with real-time are selling best…… which story to featuredata. more prominently?Zynga can test the Cityville ―Add Tesco uses information to analyze new Real-time data allows publishers to seeCoins & Cash‖ button for thousands business how to create the most what is trending throughout the day soof users within minutes. effective promotions for specific that they can deliver the right content at customer segments—and to inform the right time, and know which articles decisions on pricing, promotions, and are spreading virally versus being found. shelf allocation.14 HP Confidential USE CASE EXAMPLES ONLY
    14. 14. UNLOCKING THE VALUE OF INFORMATIONREQUIRES A CULTURAL SHIFT – ENTERPRISE-WIDE Build an information-driven corporate culture. By using information effectively to understand and align with your business needs and preferences of your customers—is the key to creating a competitive advantage in todays customer-empowered15 HP Confidential environment.
    16. 16. EVALUATE THE HP VERTICA ANALYTIC PLATFORM• Enterprise Edition • Free 30 day evaluation• Community Edition • Free Download 1TB, 3 nodes•