Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

ICANN Updates from Nairobi


Published on

The 37th ICANN meeting recently took place in Nairobi, Kenya. A review of major topics of discussion such as: the latest update on the new gTLD launch and the Expression of Interest, and the progress of Fast Track ccTLD IDNs.

Published in: Technology
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

ICANN Updates from Nairobi

  1. 1. Important Information About This CSC Web Seminar • All participant phone lines are muted. To ask a question, please type your inquiry in the Q & A panel. We will get to as many questions as possible during the presentation. • You have two options for listening to the audio portion of today’s presentation: – If you have a sound card and speakers, you may listen to the audio over your computer, you will not need to dial into the teleconference. Be sure to un-mute your speakers. – If you can not hear sound over your computer, you must dial into the conference call. The dial in information is located in your confirmation email and can also be viewed by pressing the “Meeting” button above. • To download a copy of the presentation materials, please click the button that looks like three little sheets of paper on the upper right hand side of your screen. You must disable your pop-up blockers to download the presentation materials. • If you require technical assistance and are connected to the teleconference, please press *0 at any point during the presentation to reach an operator.
  2. 2. ICANN Update
  3. 3. About Gretchen M. Olive Director, Policy & Industry Affairs Over the last 9 years, Gretchen has helped Global 2000 companies devise global domain name, trademark and brand protection strategies to protect their corporate identity and is a leading authority on the Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers (ICANN) New gTLD Initiative. Ms. Olive is currently serving on the following committees that are focused on the preservation and protection of Intellectual Property Rights, as well as Consumer Safety on the Internet: - INTA Internet Committee - ICANN Registration Abuse Policy Working Group (RAPWG) Ms. Olive, who earned her JD from Widener School of Law, is frequently asked to speak and write on issues related to domain names, trademarks and online risks to brand owners. She has recently been published in Trademark World Magazine, Managing Intellectual Property Magazine, 8k Magazine and The Metropolitan Corporate Counsel.
  4. 4. Agenda • ICANN 2010-2013 Strategic Plan • New gTLD Status – Expression of Interest Proposal – Trademark Protection Issues – Mitigation of Malicious Conduct – Economic Study – Root Zone Scaling – IDN 3 character Req’t & Variants – Vertical Integration – Support for Applicants in Applying for/Operating New gTLDs – Communication Plan • IDN ccTLD Implementation • Other ICANN Issues & News • Q&A
  5. 5. ICANN and its Role • ICANN: Internet Corporation for Assigned Names and Numbers • They are the accrediting and coordinating agency that regulates and governs the domain name space • Composed of supporting organizations, “House’s”, working groups and stakeholder groups – Examples: Generic Names Supporting Organization (GNSO), Non-Contracting Party House, Registration Abuse Policy Working Group (RAPWG), IP Stakeholders Group (IPSG) • Consensus Policy organization; holds open, public meetings 3X a year • Website:
  6. 6. ICANN: 2010-2013 Strategic Plan * From Rod Beckstrom’s President’s Report at 37th Public Meeting of ICANN in Nairobi, Kenya
  7. 7. New gTLDs: Implementation Status • Current Policy Docs – Draft Applicant Guidebook (DAG) v.3 was released in October 2009 – DAG v.4 is expected in early June – this will NOT be the final DAG • Implementation Timeline – ICANN has abandoned providing any kind of implementation timelines – CEO & ICANN Board Chairman both asserted repeatedly that, “New gTLDs will launch once all implementation issues have been resolved to the satisfaction of the ICANN Board.”
  8. 8. New gTLD Issues: EOI Proposal • Since Seoul Mtg., implementation of an Expression of Interest (EOI) process in advance of opening of the New gTLD application window had been aggressively pursued by several segments of the community and the ICANN Board • Public Comments/debate of proposal showed sharp split in opinion of utility of process – ICANN viewed it as data gathering exercise to serve the public interest – Those “in the business” of New gTLDs viewed it as a way to prove demand, demonstrate the need for urgency in moving to launch and keep New gTLD “investors” interested despite delays – Brand owners/non-profits/gov’ts viewed it as a process with little “real value”, fraught with issues and a huge distraction
  9. 9. New gTLD Issues: EOI Proposal • ICANN Board voted in Nairobi to reject EOI Proposal and directed staff to discontinue any further work on proposal • This decision: – Enables ICANN staff to remain focused on New gTLD implementation issues – Enables brand owners/companies with business plans around New gTLDs to keep their plans confidential until application – Eliminates the need for those who will be pursuing a New gTLD for defensive purposes to identify/obtain 2010 budget funds for EOI/New gTLDs – Will cause those “in the business” of New gTLDs to struggle to survive with no definitive date for action on the horizon
  10. 10. New gTLD Issues: TM Protection • We are a long way from Mexico City! • 3 TM Rights Protection Mechanisms (RPMs) currently being refined – Trademark Clearinghouse – Uniform Rapid Suspension (URS) – Trademark Post-Delegation Dispute Resolution Procedure (PDDRP) • To view current TM proposals, go to: • Public Comment opened on these proposals through April 1
  11. 11. New gTLD Issues: TM Protection • Trademark Clearinghouse – Proposal would create a single database of “authenticated” registered and unregistered TMs that can be used for pre-launch IP claims or sunrise services across multiple TLDs • Uniform Rapid Suspension (URS) – Proposal would establish a cheaper and faster DRP mechanism for clear-cut cases of infringement; would only result in suspension of name and NOT transfer of name • Both of the above RPMs are near the end of refinement and proposals will be included in next DAG
  12. 12. New gTLD Issues: TM Protection • Trademark Post-Delegation Dispute Resolution Procedure (PDDRP) – Proposal would enable a TM holder to file a dispute against a registry operator after delegation of a New gTLD to protect against infringing behavior at both the top-level and second level • This RPM is not as refined as TM Clearinghouse and URS; substantial questions and issues still remain (i.e., should this RPM be combined with the more general Registry Restrictions Post- Delegation Dispute Resolution Procedure)
  13. 13. New gTLD Issues: Malicious Conduct • Security Community is working to ensure that New gTLD policies cover the following 4 concerns: – How do we ensure that bad actors do not run Registries? – How do we ensure integrity and utility of registry information? – How do we ensure more focused efforts on combating identified abuse? – How do we provide enhanced control framework for TLDs with intrinsic potential for abuse?
  14. 14. New gTLD Issues: Malicious Conduct • Mitigation strategies currently proposed: – Establishment of Registry Operator “vetting” criteria (financial, operational and behavioral) – Require DNSSEC deployment by Registry Operator – Prohibit “wild carding” for all DNS Zone files maintained by Registry Operator – Require Registry Operator to have plan for removal of “orphan” glue records – Require “Thick Whois” – Require Registry-level abuse contacts and documented abuse policies – Availability of Expedited Registry Security Request process
  15. 15. New gTLD Issues: Malicious Conduct • Mitigation strategies currently proposed (cont’d): – Centralization of Zone File Access – High Security Zones Designation process • Last 2 proposed strategies are the current focus of policy work going on in this area – Temporary Advisory Group has been formed – 2 papers have been published on these proposed strategies for which Public Comment will be accepted through April 8th (see: gtlds/comments-analysis-en.htm )
  16. 16. New gTLD Issues: Economic Study • Over the last 2 years ICANN has been unable to silence criticism and skepticism about need and demand for New gTLDs – Additional economic studies now underway – Performing empirical analysis to estimate cost of defensive registrations, developing metrics to assess overall expected benefits/costs, and developing process to assess whether net economic consumer harm might result from individual applications – Future studies may look to develop mechanisms to enhance benefits of New gTLDs
  17. 17. New gTLD Issues: Root Scaling • Last September, concerns were raised by SSAC about potential impact on Root Zone if DNSSEC, IPv6 and New gTLDs were all implemented contemporaneously • SSAC and RSSAC have just completed further study of the issue and reports are expected from both groups shortly
  18. 18. New gTLD Issues: Root Scaling • ICANN has also done some analysis internally looking at potential delegation rates of New gTLDs and released a paper (see: delegation-rate-model-25feb10-en.pdf ) – Paper is receiving mixed reviews and ICANN has received criticism for conducting this analysis unilaterally
  19. 19. New gTLD Issues: 3 Character Req’t • Character length of domain names is an issue in some languages • Current proposal would relax the 3 character rule for New gTLD strings in some cases – Min. string length for certain IDN gTLD strings would be 2 characters • Subject to restrictions on 2 character strings that would be likely to cause visual confusion in certain areas • No allowance for 1 character TLD strings in any script, pending further consideration by GNSO & ccNSO • Current proposal open for Public Comment through April 1 (see: comment/public-comment-201004-en.htm#3-char )
  20. 20. New gTLD Issues: IDN Variants • This policy proposal attempts to deal with delegation and “blocking” of IDN variants of both New gTLD strings as well as ccTLDs • Very complex issue technically, linguistically and politically! • Current proposal – Collect IDN tables and list of variants from applicants – No variant TLDs delegated until mechanism tested and adopted • Current proposal open for Public Comment through April 1 (see: comment/public-comment-201004-en.htm#variants )
  21. 21. New gTLD Issues: Vertical Integration • This policy discussion has examined whether the separation that has been put in place between registrars and registries to promote competition and protect registrants should remain in a New gTLD world • ICANN Board surprised many in Nairobi by resolving: – Strict separation of entities offering registry services and those acting as registrars; No co-ownership allowed! • GNSO has started a PDP to look at the issue as well; Board will consider their recc’s and decide if any change warranted
  22. 22. New gTLD Issues: Vertical Integration • Review any New gTLD contracts/consulting agreements you may have solicited or entered into; likely those agreements and proposals assumed registry and registrar could have been one and the same, especially in the case of “corporate use only” TLD – How does this change impact terms and costs? – Are you entitled to refund or can you terminate? – Is your chosen partner “at risk” due to additional delays? – What changes will be required to planning/resource allocation?
  23. 23. New gTLD Issues: Applicant Support • ICANN Board for the 1st time recognized that the cost of applying for new gTLDs might hinder applicants requiring assistance, especially those from developing countries. • Requested stakeholders to work through their SO’s and AC’s to form a working group to develop a sustainable approach to providing support to applicants requiring assistance in applying for and operating New gTLDs
  24. 24. New gTLD Issues: Comm. Plan • ICANN Board formally recognized the concern that certain regions of the world may need intensification of New gTLD communications to build awareness of the program to mitigate the risk that they will not have equal opportunities • Increase in planning and use of SO & AC Networks to be discussed at Brussels Mtg. (June) • Formal Communication Plan to start when “overarching issues” are resolved to the satisfaction of the Board
  25. 25. IDN ccTLD Implementation • ICANN has received 19 IDN ccTLD Fast Track Applications representing 11 languages to date – 4 applicants have successfully completed string evaluation and have moved to the delegation phase • Saudi Arabia • Egypt • United Arab Emirates • Russian Federation – Additional announcements of other applicants who have successfully completed string evaluation expected to be announced shortly
  26. 26. Other ICANN Issues & News • Affirmation of Commitments – Transparency & Accountability Review getting started • DNSSEC Implementation Underway – Check out: • Benchmarking of Registry Operations – Study performed by KPMG, report will be issued – Will use to develop Financial & Ops Benchmarks for Registry Operators • ICANN Working on Initiative to Improve Security Stability & Resiliency of Internet • ICANN engaging GAC & ccTLDs more – Debate continues over financial contribution to ICANN’s work
  27. 27. Questions & Answers Q&A To ask a question, please type your inquiry into the Q&A panel © Corporation Service Company 2009
  28. 28. How CSC Can Help: IDN ccTLDs • CSC is available to help you stay informed, educate internal business stakeholders and develop customized registration strategies to help you properly balance risk and opportunity in the ever-expanding namespace − There is no hourly or engagement fee for CSC to provide this type of strategic support to clients
  29. 29. How CSC Can Help: New gTLDs • While applying for a gTLD is not right for everyone, CSC recognizes that some of our customers may want to pursue a new gTLD for business and/or defensive reasons. When implementation occurs, CSC will offer a complete outsourced turn-key solution • CSC will also offer New gTLD monitoring services to enable clients to easily stay fully informed of all applications being submitted
  30. 30. About CSC • Privately-held, 110+ year old company headquartered in Wilmington, Delaware • CSC operates offices in the US, Canada, Germany, France and the UK and employs over 1,000 people worldwide • CSC is dedicated reducing risks and costs for our clients by providing – Corporate Governance & Compliance Services – Corporate Identity Protection Services – Litigation & Matter Management Services – Deal & Transaction Support Services. • CSC is the only provider that combines domain management, trademark clearance and brand monitoring solutions to help Corporations such as the Global 2000 Secure, Promote & Protect their Corporate Identity • CSC is the trusted partner of over 50% of the Top 100 Best Global Brands* for global domain name registration and management For more information about how CSC can help you protect your brands, please email * As ranked in the Interbrand® 2009 Best Global Brands Report