Radical - Greatest discontinuity with the traditional western church Trans-cultural – Doesn’t really address forms in a way that is culture specific
Church Planting Movements are rapidly reproducing indigenous churches planting churches in and through a people group or population segment. Let’s examine a couple of Church Planting Movements to get a better picture of how God is using them to reconcile a lost world to Himself. In 1991, Southern Baptists appointed a Strategy Coordinator to an unreached people group in East Asia. After language study, the SC began relating to 3 underground house churches with about 85 members. The churches were struggling to survive under considerable persecution. The Strategy Coordinator marshaled prayer support, evangelism and church planting training and cast a vision for a Church Planting Movement that would reach the entire area with the gospel. A year later, the three churches had multiplied into nine. In the following years they increased to 26, 76, 195 and 550. By this time, the Strategy Coordinator recognized that the movement was growing exponentially without his direct involvement. When researchers returned to survey the work two years later, they found an estimated 3,400 churches and approximately 340,000 baptized believers. In eight years, God used a Church Planting Movement to transform the area from 3 struggling churches into a vast movement of born again believers.
Let’s view another Church Planting Movement. This one occurred in Northern India. When the International Mission Board assigned a Strategy Coordinator to the Bhojpuri People in 1989, he found 28 churches among a people group of nearly 90 million. The Strategy Coordinator set about training national evangelists and church planters to start reproducing churches that would evangelize, disciple and multiply believers across the country. By 1993, the 28 Bhojpuri churches had increased to 36. In the years that followed, their numbers climbed to 78, 220, 547, 1200 and 2000 churches in 1999. By autumn of the year 2000, the Strategy Coordinator could only guess how many churches and believers had emerged from the Bhojpuri Church Planting Movement. In October 2000, a research team visited the area and conservatively estimated the number of churches at 4,300 and the number of believers to be at least 240,000. These spontaneous explosions of multiplying churches are changing the face of lostness wherever they occur. Their almost exponential increase in believers vastly outstrips population growth rates and transforms the religious landscape.
Ch.26 introduction to mission strategy
Introduction to MissiologyCh.26 Introduction to theStrategy and Methods of Missions
Strategy and Methods • Strategy – the overall plan, principles, or ways by which resources and opportunities will be utilized in the task • Methods – the comprehensive and flexible body of tactics or actions, the detailed means by which God’s people implement the mission imperative
Three Basic Questions• How are we doing in our efforts to evangelize the entire world?• What are our overall plans to accomplish world evangelization?• How can every church and Christian be involved?
1. How Are We Doing?• There was a radical shift in strategy in the last quarter century – From even emphasis to 10/40 window & UPG – From addition to multiplication – From Institutional to CPM• NAMB – increased focus on effective church planting• IMB – increased focus on Church Planting Movements (CPM)
Why CPM through house churches? Radical - True alternative to the institutional church as propagated by western missionaries Trans-cultural – Bible focus and simplicity of form minimizes cross- cultural dysfunction Relational – People are encouraged to relate personally rather than institutionally
The Key Reason:4.Reproducibility – not dependent upon – Particular culture – Money – Property – Specially educated leaders This Model is Foundational to most Church Planting Movements (CPM)
A Chinese CPM Example3500 3400 340,0003000 Churches Baptize d2500 Believer s 10,000+2000 churches1500 in 2003!1000 550 500 195 3 9 26 76 0 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 2000
An East Asia Example4500 240,000 4300 Baptize4000 Churches d Believer3500 s30002500 20002000 120015001000 547 78 220500 28 36 0 1989 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 2000
Why the Shift in Strategy?• Pointed critique by experts – McGavran, Engel & Norton, Dayton & Fraser – Focus shifts to evangelism & church planting from institutional missions• Great Commission Christian movement – Spurred by WEF meeting in Lausanne – Led to increased cooperation among mission agencies, including SBC
Historical Perspective: Mission Strategy• NT – evangelism & CP by lay people• Ulfilas – scripture translation as primary method of reaching new people groups• Columba & Aiden – Adequate leadership training of missionary monks• Boniface – an established church sending missionaries• Medieval – Forget it!
Historical Perspective (Cont)• Bartolome de las Casas – humanitarian service (to new world indians)• Nobili & Ricci – accommodation to culture in India and China• New England missionaries – Gathering converts into new churches – Establishing Christian towns
William Carey’s Contribution: Five Principles• Widespread gospel preaching• Bible distribution in heart language• Early establishment of new churches• Careful study of indigenous culture• Training up an indigenous clergy
Venn, Anderson & Nevius• Bi-vocational leadership• Methodology appropriate to the local setting• Full-time leaders called out and supported by the local church• Culturally appropriate church architecture• Extensive training of leaders• New churches planted by existing churches
Twentieth Century Trends• Ecumenical Churches – gradualism – Dialogue, presence, seed sowing – Dominated by liberal theology – Abandoned the notion of conversion• Evangelical Churches – disciplemaking – Evangelism and church planting is key – Humanitarian efforts are supplemental – Increasing focus on UPGs and CPM
2. What Are Our Plans? An Eleven Step Model• Decide on the goal • Project results• Study the culture • Decide team roles• Define the workforce • Develop detailed• Choose methods plans• Establish • Implement plans approaches • Evaluate results • Adjust and continue
Characteristics of Effective Strategy1. Centered on Kingdom growth2. Holistic – evangelism, discipling, planting, church development, leadership training, improving the physical aspects of peoples lives3. Research Based – effective strategies are discovered – pilot projects4. Result Oriented – What is the result of executing the strategy?
Effective Missionary Methodology1. Relies on the Holy Spirit – He leads us to methods – He motivates us to use them – He grants effectiveness as we work2. Demonstrates Flexibility – Always more than one way to achieve a goal – Limited to biblically congruent methods
Effective Methodology (con’t)1. Centers on evangelism and church planting – Churches accommodated to the needs and styles of the people in that region – Churches that are “dynamically equivalent” to the churches of the NT2. Culturally Appropriate – Recognizing the cultural diversity in the world – Adjusting without compromising the message
Effective Methodology1. Incorporates the characteristic of reproducibility – The test for every activity is whether the indigenous church can multiply it in their setting
Contemporary Methodologies1. Small Groups play an important part – Cell church – House church networks – Adaptive to particular cultural settings2. Contextualized Worship to enhance evangelism3. Professional marketing approaches
Contemporary Methodologies (Cont)1. Decentralized approaches to identify, train and deploy new leaders2. Exponential increase in short-term mission experiences