Ch.23 islam & judaism


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Ch.23 islam & judaism

  1. 1. Introduction to Missiology Ch.23 – The Religions of the Middle East: Islam and Judaism
  2. 2. IslamSubmission to God
  3. 3. Muslim Distribution Germany United Kingdom France Mongolia Yugoslavia Bulgaria Former U.S.S.R. Albania Turkey Cyprus China Tunisia Syria Lebanon Iraq Afghanistan Morocco Israel Iran Jordan Pakistan Nepal Algeria Western Libya Egypt Sahara Saudi Arabia UAE Bangladesh India Burma Mauritania Oman Mali Niger Senegal Chad Yemen ThailandGambia Upper Sudan DjiboutiGuinea- Guinea VoltaBissau Ivory Nigeria Ethiopia Philippines Sierra Cent. Afr. Coast Sri Lanka Leone Cameroon Rep. Brunei Malaysia Liberia Uganda Ghana Kenya Somalia Togo Benin Indonesia United Republic of Tanzania Malawi Mozambique Population Key 89 - 100% Muslim Madagascar 51 - 88% Muslim South Africa 26 - 50% Muslim 2 - 25% Muslim
  4. 4. The Qur’anArabic for “recitation” – the very speech of GodSaid to have “descended upon the prophetWritten in refined and flowing Arabic best describedas poetic proseRevealed sporadically from A.D.610 to A.D.632 atMuhammad’s deathA chapter is called a “surah”. The opening surah,“Fatihah, is recited in the canonical prayer and is therquired minimum for all Muslims to memorize inArabic
  5. 5. Qur’an (cont)Three categories: Warnings of judgment, heaven & hell Laws and regulations for the community Stories of biblical figures and from Arabic loreJesus receives much attention
  6. 6. Principle BeliefsFive main prophets: Adam, Moses, David, Jesus, andMuhammad“Five Pillars” of Islamic worship Confession: Allah is the one God Prayer: five times a day toward Mecca Fasting: during the month of Ramadan Pilgrimage: once in lifetime to Mecca Almsgiving: to the poorAngels: central in Islamic cosmologyFinal judgment: based on worksJihad: “striving for Islam” - not necessarily war
  7. 7. Shari’ah – Islamic LawProvides fundamental guidance for personal andsocial lifeNo distinction between private and publicNow mostly relegated to family and religious matters,but a strong movement in some Arabic countries tomake it the primary law of the land
  8. 8. Sunni and ShiiteSunni – 90% - center point of faith is the “communityof believers”Shiite – 10% - Imams have both spiritual andpolitical pre-eminence. Iran is Shiite – thus the powerof the clergy to rule social and political life“Folk Islam” – the religion of the people, varies fromplace to place and involves more attention to thepower of Satan and jinn as well as the positive powerof holy people and places.
  9. 9. Judaism - ModernCentered on the Jewish bible and commentaries Tanakh – Torah, Nabilim, Ketubim Midrash – commentary on the Torah Mishnah – philosophical code Talmud – a commentary on the MishnahThree branches Orthodox – from ancient synagogue-based patterns of life Reformed – Contextualized to its local setting – syncretized before long Conservative – doctrinally conservative but participating in mainstream of local life
  10. 10. Common Jewish PracticesSabbath observance – sundown Friday to sundownSaturdayFood and dietary laws – “kosher”CircumcisionCelebration of achieving adulthood Bar-mitzvah – boys Bat-mitzvah – girlsWorship – usually on the sabbath
  11. 11. WitnessingShare the Jesus you knowInvite Jews to investigate the claims of ChristBe aware that the personal impact of Judaism isoften a well-developed sense of guiltBuild strong relationships with dialogue andexchange