Successfully reported this slideshow.
We use your LinkedIn profile and activity data to personalize ads and to show you more relevant ads. You can change your ad preferences anytime.

Ch.16 culture - the milieu of missions

508 views

Published on

Published in: Spiritual
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

Ch.16 culture - the milieu of missions

  1. 1. Introduction to Missiology Ch.16 - Culture: The Milieu of Missions By Ebbie Smith
  2. 2. Mongolian Family – c.2002
  3. 3. Peruvian Family – c.2002
  4. 4. Maasai Family – c.2002
  5. 5. American Frontier – c.1870
  6. 6. Latvian Family – c.1919
  7. 7. Culture <ul><li>Definition: the learned pattern of living of a particular group of people </li></ul><ul><li>Key terms </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Learned behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Patterns of living </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Particular group of people </li></ul></ul>
  8. 8. Components of Culture <ul><li>Allows a group of people to adapt to their physical, social, and ideational environment </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Physical environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Desert – culture centered on water </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Jungle – culture centered on rice </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Social environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Political system </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Economic plan </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Communication patterns </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Ideational – secular, magic, monotheistic, male/female dominance </li></ul></ul>
  9. 9. Components of Culture (2) <ul><li>Cultures are relative , not good or bad in themselves </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Does not imply ethical relativity </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Highlights the mission problem of ethnocentrism </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture is an integrated system </li></ul><ul><ul><li>All aspects of culture tend to function as a whole </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Change in one aspect of culture tends to change every aspect of that culture </li></ul></ul>
  10. 10. Components of Culture (3) <ul><li>Culture assigns symbolic meaning to behavior </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Language is the most complex set of symbols </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Non-verbal symbols include </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Dress codes </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>Facial movements (sticking out your tongue) </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Only one enculturated in that society will understand the symbols </li></ul></ul>
  11. 11. Components of Culture (4) <ul><li>Culture is dynamic and adaptive </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allows people to adapt to a changing environment </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Adapt also to evolving ideational settings </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Culture is both stable and changing </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Stable in seeking to maintain the status quo </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Changing to meet new environmental conditions – allows change to be faced collectively </li></ul></ul>
  12. 12. Components of Culture (5) <ul><li>Environment is an important factor in development of culture </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not determinative </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sets boundaries on what can develop </li></ul></ul>
  13. 13. Personal Adjustment to Culture <ul><li>Missionaries learn to use the symbols of the host culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Adjusting to culture is a distinctive and demanding missionary task. </li></ul><ul><li>Adaptation passes through phases </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Tourist – new culture is all good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Rejection- old culture is all good </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Toleration – accept without enthusiasm </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Accommodation emerging from appreciation </li></ul></ul>
  14. 14. Principles of Accommodating the Gospel Message <ul><li>Bible, not culture, is foundational. The Bible will judge all cultures </li></ul><ul><li>No syncretism (EX: adding a female deity) </li></ul><ul><li>Bible message expressed in ways that are meaningful, relevant, acceptable, and communicative for the local people </li></ul><ul><li>Help the local people express the Christian message in their own terms, words, and mannerisms - contextualization </li></ul>
  15. 15. Principles of Accommodating the Local Church <ul><li>Goal: A local expression of organized Christianity suited to the culture. </li></ul><ul><li>Guide local believers to develop worship times, use of buildings, music, modes of teaching that fit the culture </li></ul><ul><li>Help local believers identify sinful aspects of culture to exclude from local church life </li></ul>
  16. 16. Principles of Accommodating Local Christian Life <ul><li>Goal: an indigenized expression of the Christian life </li></ul><ul><li>Identify sinful aspects of culture to exclude </li></ul><ul><li>Avoid bringing in cultural practices from the sending culture </li></ul><ul><li>Teach Christian living by biblical principle, guiding believers to define local expression </li></ul>
  17. 17. Accommodation by Transformation <ul><li>Goal: Expressing Christianity in local terms </li></ul><ul><li>Never adjusting sinful local behaviors </li></ul><ul><li>Outsider can advocate change, but insider must be change agent </li></ul><ul><li>Advocate must understand the culture well enough to know what changes to recommend </li></ul><ul><li>Test changes by whether they result in long-term growth of the church </li></ul><ul><li>Transformation is a process taking time </li></ul>
  18. 18. Accommodation by Possesio <ul><li>Selecting from the receptor culture a trait that can be infused with biblical Christian meaning </li></ul><ul><li>Select only elements that can be fully incorporated into messianic tradition </li></ul><ul><li>Reject elements incompatible with Christianity </li></ul><ul><li>Reinterpret pre-Christian concepts, practices and goals </li></ul>
  19. 19. Accommodation by Experiential Process <ul><li>Discover felt needs </li></ul><ul><li>Lead people into a power encounter where they break with the old ways </li></ul><ul><li>Help them develop a functional substitute for those aspects of culture which had to be replaced </li></ul>
  20. 20. Accommodation by Dynamic Equivalence <ul><li>“Dynamic equivalence churches produce the same impact on the society and its people that the New Testament church had on its members.” </li></ul><ul><li>Allow experimentation with indigenous forms to express Christian faith on the local scene. </li></ul>
  21. 21. Pragmatic Criteria on Contextualization <ul><li>Is the result biblical? </li></ul><ul><li>Does the result protect against reversion </li></ul><ul><li>Does the result promote long term church growth in that context? </li></ul>

×