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  1. 1. Physical Impairments<br />Clark saul<br />
  2. 2. Introductory video<br />Josh Blue – Standup Comedian:<br />Behavioral Objectives: <br />1.Raise your hand before speaking <br />2. Listen to other while they are speaking <br />3. RESPECT!!! -<br />
  3. 3. Introduction<br /><ul><li>Wide variety of conditions and diseases: cerebral palsy, paralysis, epilepsy,, clubfoot, asthma, polio, diabetes, and allergies.
  4. 4. Some are congenital- present at birth, and other are acquired through disease or injury.
  5. 5. Physical health problems can have little or no effect on school performance and some do not require any special adaptations.
  6. 6. For the ones that do need special adaptations, it is necessary for the teacher to adapt their lesson in the areas needed such as mobility, communication, and basic skills.
  7. 7. Needs can be very different from student to student. One student with lower limb paralysis might be out going and active, whereas another may be shy.
  8. 8. Teachers need to promote independence. Set realistic expectations </li></li></ul><li><ul><li>The General Ed. Teacher can help Identify a physical impairment, provide referral, or take responsibility for the education of the student.
  9. 9. Teachers may need to provide additional instruction for students with frequent absences, modification of classroom, and adaptations of activities.
  10. 10. Because some students develop their disabilities after an accident or disease it is hard to make a single list of symptoms. (see handout)
  11. 11. Consider individual needs.
  12. 12. A frequent adaptation is mobility in the classroom.
  13. 13. Some students have trouble learning because of extensive absences, fatigue, learning problems, behavioral disorders, and intellectual disorders.</li></ul>Indicators<br />
  14. 14. indicators<br /><ul><li>Social acceptance is often restricted.
  15. 15. Teachers should be aware of general health status of their students and take note of any changes.
  16. 16. There is an increasing number of students with extensive health problems that are entering the educational system.
  17. 17. With this movement , more students that are medically fragile ( use heart monitors, oxygen tanks) are being placed in the general ed. classrooms.
  18. 18. Teachers should participate in the IEP meetings so they are aware of the needs of their students.</li></li></ul><li>Epilepsy<br />What? – A disorder of the brain.<br /><ul><li>When nerve cells suddenly begin to fire together, a wave of electrical energy sweeps through the brain, causing a seizure.
  19. 19. -Seizures interfere with the brains normal functions. They cause a child to have a sudden change in consciousness, movement, or sensation.
  20. 20. -Seizure Disorder can be used interchangeably with epilepsy.
  21. 21. -Having one seizure doesn’t mean a person is epileptic. It must occur more than once and have an unknown cause.</li></ul>Types: Three types.<br />Generalized Seizures- when the electrical disturbance involves the whole brain.<br />Partial Seizure-s- When only part of the brain is affected.<br />Partial Seizure Secondarily Generalized- Starts in one part then spreads.<br />Not Enough? –<br />
  22. 22. Inclusion tips to prevent infection<br />Roll out 2 paper towel sections. One to dry your hands the other to turn off the faucet.<br />Turn on the faucet.<br />Wet hands under water.<br />Apply soap. Work up a generous lather.<br />Rub hands in a circular motion covering all parts of the hand. <br />Each area is to be rubbed with soap ten times for 10-30 seconds.<br />Rinse.<br />Dry on the paper towel rolled out in the beginning.<br />Discard in a receptacle. <br />Turn off the faucet with the dry paper towel.<br />Use the dry paper towel to open the door.<br />If only hot air dryers are available, use a tissue or newspaper, or even clothing.<br />
  23. 23. <ul><li>0.9% of school population has a physical disability.
  24. 24. 10% of the students that receive special services have a physical disability.
  25. 25. Most common chronic illness is asthma.
  26. 26. 40 children per day are diagnosed with diabetes.
  27. 27. Cerebral Palsy is one of the most complex of all physical impairments because it results from brain damage.
  28. 28. Most students with physical impairment spend the majority of the day in the General Ed. Classroom.
  29. 29. Theodore Roosevelt had Asthma.</li></ul>Facts to Take Away<br />
  30. 30. The students will have their left hand taped and will be given a cup with M&M’s inside. The students will attempt to pull the M&M’s out of the cup and then will be required to write a paragraph (with their taped hand) about what they learned from this activity, while they are writing they will be unexpectedly tossed a ball to catch. <br />Gauntlet!<br />