★ Curricular decisions have sound
★ Concentration on a single curricular
unit at a given moment in time | work
overload, intense information ﬂow,
informed and shared group decision-
★ Potential engagement, communication
and learning problem
★ But for what?
★ Learning about technologies or
learning with technologies?
★ What message are we passing to these
★ What message will they pass for their
What is happening?
★ Globalisation (what is where? what is
now? what is how? what is who?)
★ Epistemological shifts (temporary
nature of knowledge)
★ Ontological shifts (not only a consumer,
but a prosumer)
★ Communication tools and services
Learning and technology 101
★ It´s not about technology, it’s about
★ Web 1.0 | Web 2.0 | Web 3.0 or
★ 3 interacting and mutually inﬂuencing
vectors: learning, teaching
★ It´s up to us to dynamically shape this
Is it or isn’t it?
★ Framing social context
★ Is the frame part of the picture?
★ Situated learning, contextual learning,
★ Sharing and collaborating nature of
★ Shared and negotiated meanings
★ Communication | peer and teacher-
★ Openness | major social interaction
★ Sharing, interaction and participation
★ Learning communities
★ Social media tools and applications
Sufﬁciently mine technological solutions?
★ LMS | It is so ﬂexible, wasn’t it?
★ Are students sufﬁciently in control?
★ Are these platforms sufﬁciently open?
★ Is it sufﬁciently easy to integrate
★ Are they sufﬁciently empowering and
The Web by Tim Berners-Lee
★ “The basic [idea] of the Web is that [of] an
information space through which people can
communicate, but communicate in a special
way: communicate by sharing their
knowledge in a pool. The idea was not just
that it should be a big browsing medium. The
idea was that everybody would be putting
their ideas in, as well as taking them out.”
★ Who has a Web presence besides
★ Who had put new information in past
week? Past month? Past year?
The Web 2.0 by Stephen Downes
★ “... What was happening was that major parts
of the Web were acquiring the properties of
communication networks, the sort of
networks found to exist (albeit on a much
smaller scale) in the physical world. And that
the Web itself was being transformed from
what was called “the Read Web” to “Read-
Write Web” in accordance with Tim Berners-
Lee’s original vision. Proponents of this new,
evolving Web began calling it Web 2.0 and in
short order the trend became a movement.”
The Web 2.0 by Michael Wesch and...
The Machine is Us/ing Us (2007) A Vision of Students Today (2007)
Assistant Professor of Cultural Anthropology
Kansas State University ...by his students
Web 2.0 in MMEd
★ Previous knowledge and experience
with Web 2.0 tools... very low
★ Previous effective use of LMS... low
★ Students: “Even more tools to
★ Expecting some negative reactions...
Learn by doing/Hands-on approach
★ Start with basic concepts related to Web
★ Show most common tools (blogs, wikis,
★ Objective: learn how easy it is to use
Web 2.0 tools
★ Result: become Web 2.0 contributors
How to understand it?
★ feel it ﬁrst...
★ Promote a good experience for ﬁrst time users (a teacher’s job)
★ Engage students in collaborative learning activities designed to
take advantage of Web 2.0
★ ... reﬂect and discuss about it next
★ Be curious
★ Learn to ﬁnd the right tools and strategies for speciﬁc needs
syndication and aggregation
the old and slow way
the new and fast way
images from: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0klgLsSxGsU (2007)
LMS vs PLE
Scott Wilson (2005) - http://zope.cetis.ac.uk/members/scott/blogview?entry=20050125170206
How does your presence look like?
★ Where are you? Who are you? Do you
share common interests with me?
★ Where are the non-verbal components
of social interaction in Web scenarios?
★ Synchronous and distributed nature of
★ MUVE - MultiUser Virtual
★ Social and economic interaction
★ It´s not someone else’s world and
someone else’s imagination
Second Life and Learning
★ Formal learning activities: difﬁcult to
monitor, boring, possible cognitive
overload due to number of interactions
★ Informal learning activities: massive set
of interaction tools, participation and
Informal activities in SL
★ Invited specialist (as in with Warwick
presentation on Wednesday)
★ Blurred roles (student, teacher,
★ Management and metalearning skills
★ Learning spaces: closed and carefully
managed or open and ﬂexible?
★ Attitudinal and cultural or
★ University 2.0 Portal (action-research)
★ and... how to use it in Bologna context?