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This article concentrates on the exchange of information and evidence between
competition authorities. The issue is analyzed from the perspective of both antitrust
and merger cases. The level, scope and intensity of cooperation between competition
authorities differs in respect to these two kinds of cases and, to an extent, the applicable legal framework varies as well. Our analysis is based on EU law, national
legislation, and relevant case law, with attention also given to other sources of law
such as bilateral and multilateral agreements, best practices, recommendations etc.
In addition the problem of exchange of information is examined through the prism
of the Polish Competition Act. Regulation 1/2003 and the ECN, created upon
its provisions, provide detailed rules applicable for the exchange of evidence and
information between competition authorities in antitrust cases at the European
level. With respect to mergers, the provisions of Regulation 139/2004 do not have
the same high degree of influence, hence considerable attention is given to soft law
acts, such as recommendations of OECD and ICN, or best practices and informal
agreements adopted by national competition authorities.