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Un disarmament

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Un disarmament

  1. 1. Examining the United Nations’ role in disarmament for global security By : Professor Flowers Strayer University 6 April 2011 Keywords: international relations, global peace, security, disarmament, arms control, United Nations, 1925 Geneva Protocol
  2. 2.  “The reduction or limitation of the size, equipment, armament, etc., of the army, navy, or air force of a country,” (Dictionary.com).
  3. 3. 1. the penal destruction or reduction of the armament of a country defeated in war ▪ Ex) Versailles Treaty [1919] where Germany and its allies disarmed2. bilateral disarmament agreements applying to specific geographic areas ▪ Ex) Rush–Bagot Agreement [1817] where the naval forces of both the US and Great Britain disarmed3. the complete abolition of all armaments, as advocated by utopian thinkers and some governments;4. the reduction and limitation of national armament by general international agreement. ▪ Ex) United Nations
  4. 4. STRATFOR Current TrendsREPORTSCurrent trends includean increase interest indisarmament fornations. Ex) Indonesia, Japan, and Australia holding disarmament meeting at UN General Assembly in New York, September 2010, according to STRATFOR. Photo taken by Professor Flowers inside the Palais del Nations (United Nations) Geneva, Switzerland (August 2010)
  5. 5. Despite a downward trend in conflict, in 2008, the world’s governments spent US $1,464 billion to arm themselves, amounting to $216 for each person alive today.  Melissa Gilles, Author of The Disarmament : A Basic Guide, 2009.
  6. 6.  …Nuclear weapons are not only the most indiscriminately inhumane weapons ever invented, but the only ones capable of destroying life on this planet as we know it….  Gareth Evans, a former foreign minister of Australia, University of Melbourne fellow, and co-chair of the International Commission on Nuclear Non- Proliferation and Disarmament, 2010.
  7. 7.  …The communication of the experiences of Hiroshima and Nagasaki appears to be facing a real problem. This needs to be addressed urgently because the hibakusha (atomic bomb survivors) are aging rapidly, and when they die, they will take with them the only first-hand knowledge of the unspeakable horrors of nuclear destruction. We must consider new ways to teach children about war and the prospects for peace.… In this article, the importance of nuclear disarmament education in a wider context of peace education is stressed and suggestions are offered to improve current nuclear disarmament education in Japan, and elsewhere.….  Yumiko Nogami, Resident of Hiroshima, Japan, 2006.
  8. 8. UN ‘s role in disarmamentUNODAUnited Nations Office forDisarmament Affairs(UNODA) promotes the goal of nuclear disarmament and non-proliferation and the strengthening of the disarmament regimes in respect to other weapons of mass destruction, chemical and biological weapons.. Photo taken by Professor Flowers of the courtyard of the Palais del Nations (United Nations) Geneva, Switzerland (August 2010)
  9. 9.  Prohibits the use of chemical and biological weapons in warfare.  Protocol was signed under the auspices of the League of Nations, held in Geneva, from May 4 – June 17, 1925, and it entered into force on 8 February 1928.”
  10. 10.  Established in 1979 Is the single multilateral disarmament negotiating forum of the international community Resulted from the first Special Session on Disarmament of the United Nations General Assembly held in 1978.
  11. 11.  Conventions are held worldwide, and often at the United Nations Headquarters. “Salle du conseil,” is a room where the disarmament discussions are held at the UN. Salle_du_conseil, Palais des Nations, United Nations, Geneva, Switzerland where disarmament conventions are held
  12. 12.  Stockholm International Peace Institute “maintains extensive records of the states which have signed and ratified arms control and disarmament agreements.” To view the Arms Control and Disarmament Documentary Survey, go to www.sipri.com.
  13. 13.  PDF book: Disarmament: A Basic Guide by Melissa Gillis. Online educational resource: UN CyberSchoolBus. Graduate courses & degree: Masters programme in non proliferation studies at the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies (CNS). More information at http://policy.miis.edu/international_security/index.h tml
  14. 14.  Disarmament:  The Conference on  reduction or limitation of the Disarmament (CD) size, equipment, armament,  Established in 1979 (by UN) etc., of the army, navy, or air  is the single multilateral force of a country disarmament forum of the The Geneva Protocol international community  signed during the League of  The UN provides Nations convention from Disarmament education for May 4-June 17, 1925 lifelong learners, teachers  Entered into force on February 8 1928. and students. The UN has held  A noted reference among disarmament conferences disarmament education is since 1979. Disarmament: A Basic Guide by Melissa Gilles.
  15. 15. 1. the penal destruction 3. the complete abolition or reduction of the of all armaments, as armament of a advocated by utopian country defeated in thinkers and war occasionally by2. bilateral disarmament governments agreements applying 4. the reduction and to specific geographic limitation of national areas armament by general international agreement through such international forums, presently used by the UN Palais des Nations, United Nations
  16. 16.  Stockholm International Peace Institute “maintains extensive records of the states which have signed and ratified arms control and disarmament agreements.” To review, see the Arms Control and Disarmament Documentary Survey Current trends show that nations will continue to move towards disarmament. It has been reported that Indonesia and Japan are scheduled to have a disarmament convention at the UN General Assembly in New York onSeptember 2010.
  17. 17. Questions?Feel free to postyour comments inthe “Ask theProfessor”section underCourse Home, andI will gladly replyto your response.
  18. 18. Disarmament. (2010). In Dictionary.com. Retrieved August 10, 2010, from Dictionary.com, an Ask.com Service: http://dictionary.reference.com/browse/disarmamentDisarmament. (2010). In Encyclopædia Britannica. Retrieved August 10, 2010, from Encyclopædia Britannica Online: http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/165165/disarmamentEvans, G. (2010, August 10). Taking disarmament seriously . The Globe and Mail. Retrieved from http://www.theglobeandmail.com/news/opinions/taking-disarmament-seriously/article1663233/Gillis, M. (2009, August). In Disarmament: A Basic Guide (Section 1). Retrieved from http://www.un.org/disarmament/HomePage/ODAPublications/AdhocPublications/PDF/guide.pdfNogami, Y. (2006). Nuclear disarmament education and the experiences of Hiroshima and Nagasaki [Abstract]. ISYP Journal on Science and World Affairs, 2(1), 9-18. Retrieved from http://books.google.com/books?id=Oi_gFIjZI4AC&printsec=frontcover#v=onepage&q&f=falseStockholm International Peace Research Institute. (2010). Arms Control and Disarmament Documentary Survey. Retrieved from http://www.sipri.org/research/disarmament/agreements/?searchterm=disarmamentSTRATFOR (2010, August 4). Indonesia, Japan: Disarmament Collaboration Sought . Retrieved from http://0- www.stratfor.com.library.regent.edu/memberships/168537/sitrep/20100804_indonesia_japan_col laboration_sought_disarmamentUnited Nations Office of Disarmament Affairs (2010). About Us. In UNODA. Retrieved from http://www.un.org/disarmament/HomePage/about_us/aboutus.shtml

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