Mental healthrevision2013

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Mental healthrevision2013

  1. 1. Unit 4 Revision Area of Study 2 Mental Health Thursday, 10 October 2013
  2. 2. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  3. 3. Mental Health is the capacity of an individual to interact with others and the environment in ways that promote subjective wellbeing, optimal development throughout the lifespan and effective use of the person’s cognitive, emotional and social abilities Thursday, 10 October 2013
  4. 4. Key Concepts Thursday, 10 October 2013
  5. 5. Key Concepts Normality Thursday, 10 October 2013
  6. 6. Key Concepts Normality Classifying Mental Disorders (DSM/ICD) Thursday, 10 October 2013
  7. 7. Key Concepts Normality Classifying Mental Disorders (DSM/ICD) Labelling & Stigma Thursday, 10 October 2013
  8. 8. Key Concepts Normality Classifying Mental Disorders (DSM/ICD) Labelling & Stigma Biopsychosocial Approach Thursday, 10 October 2013
  9. 9. Key Concepts Normality Classifying Mental Disorders (DSM/ICD) Labelling & Stigma Biopsychosocial Approach Physiological & Psychological Responses to Stress Thursday, 10 October 2013
  10. 10. Key Concepts Normality Classifying Mental Disorders (DSM/ICD) Labelling & Stigma Biopsychosocial Approach Physiological & Psychological Responses to Stress Allostasis Thursday, 10 October 2013
  11. 11. Key Concepts Normality Classifying Mental Disorders (DSM/ICD) Labelling & Stigma Biopsychosocial Approach Physiological & Psychological Responses to Stress Allostasis Coping with Stress Thursday, 10 October 2013
  12. 12. Key Concepts Normality Classifying Mental Disorders (DSM/ICD) Labelling & Stigma Biopsychosocial Approach Physiological & Psychological Responses to Stress Allostasis Coping with Stress Anxiety Thursday, 10 October 2013
  13. 13. Question 1 The biopsychsocial framework is an approach that A. describes the framework to treat stress and other mental health illnesses B. describes and explains how the biological, psychological and social factors combine and interact to influence a person’s mental health C. describes the difference between mental health and mental illness D. describes the different axis in the DSM-IV-TR. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  14. 14. Suggested Solution The biopsychsocial framework is an approach that A. describes the framework to treat stress and other mental health illnesses B. describes and explains how the biological, psychological and social factors combine and interact to influence a person’s mental health C. describes the difference between mental health and mental illness D. describes the different axis in the DSM-IV-TR. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  15. 15. Question 2 The DSM-IV-TR and the ICD-10 are manuals used to assist therapists in A. diagnosing and classifying a mental illness/disorder B. creating treatments for patients with poor physical health C. rating the severity of a mental health problem in a patient D. updating their knowledge in mental health. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  16. 16. Suggested Solution The DSM-IV-TR and the ICD-10 are manuals used to assist therapists in A. diagnosing and classifying a mental illness/disorder B. creating treatments for patients with poor physical health C. rating the severity of a mental health problem in a patient D. updating their knowledge in mental health. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  17. 17. Question 3 Vicki has had an amazing day. This morning she rang a radio station and recited the last five songs they played. As a result she won $1000. It is likely that Vicki may be experiencing A. fight-flight response B. distress C. homeostasis D. eustress. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  18. 18. Suggested Solution Vicki has had an amazing day. This morning she rang a radio station and recited the last five songs they played. As a result she won $1000. It is likely that Vicki may be experiencing A. fight-flight response B. distress C. homeostasis D. eustress. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  19. 19. Question 4 Steve has an intense fear of moths. He has decided to seek help and visits a psychologist. The psychologist has taught him some relaxation techniques. Once he has learned the relaxation techniques the psychologist will begin to gradually expose Steve to the feared object. This is an example of A. systematic desensitisation B. aversion therapy C. flooding D. stimulus discrimination. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  20. 20. Suggested Solution Steve has an intense fear of moths. He has decided to seek help and visits a psychologist. The psychologist has taught him some relaxation techniques. Once he has learned the relaxation techniques the psychologist will begin to gradually expose Steve to the feared object. This is an example of A. systematic desensitisation B. aversion therapy C. flooding D. stimulus discrimination. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  21. 21. Question 5 Complete the table below describing the five axis on the DSM - IV -TR 3 marks Thursday, 10 October 2013
  22. 22. Suggested Solution Thursday, 10 October 2013
  23. 23. Question 6 Biofeedback is one strategy for coping with stress. What is biofeedback? 3 marks Thursday, 10 October 2013
  24. 24. Suggested Solution Thursday, 10 October 2013
  25. 25. Question 7 Distinguish between allostasis and homeostasis in maintaining the stability of bodily systems in response to a stressor. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  26. 26. Suggested Solution Explanation should refer to: allostasis as the maintenance of stability through change homeostasis as the maintenance of stability through constancy a key distinguishing feature, e.g. allostasis integrates biological, social and psychological factors in explaining our response to stress, whereas homeostasis refers only to certain physiological adjustments; allostasis always involves the brain/cognitive processes, whereas homeostasis does not; allostasis allows for wider ranging changes beyond pre- determined set points/limits, whereas homeostasis does not. Award 1 mark for explaining allostasis, 1 mark for explaining homeostasis and 1 mark for a relevant point of distinction. Thursday, 10 October 2013
  27. 27. Question 8 Which of the following is a direct effect of the release of hormones during prolonged arousal? A. decreased blood pressure B. limited supply of energy to the muscles C. decreased respiration D. less efficient functioning of the immune system Thursday, 10 October 2013
  28. 28. Suggested Solution Which of the following is a direct effect of the release of hormones during prolonged arousal? A. decreased blood pressure B. limited supply of energy to the muscles C. decreased respiration D. less efficient functioning of the immune system Thursday, 10 October 2013
  29. 29. Question 9 Briefly explain what the HPA axis is in relation to stress and what the HPA axis involves. 2 mark Thursday, 10 October 2013
  30. 30. Suggested Solution Explanation should refer to the HPA axis as a physiological stress response — a chain of reactions in response to a stressor that regulates the body's response to the stressor. (1 mark) It involves the hypothalamus, pituitary gland and adrenal glands. (1 mark) Thursday, 10 October 2013
  31. 31. Question 10 Describe one limitation of the transactional model of stress and coping. 1 mark Thursday, 10 October 2013
  32. 32. Suggested Solution Limitations may reflect to difficulty in testing the model through empirical research because of the subjective nature of the stress response; stress response is possible without appraisal and; the overlapping nature of primary and secondary appraisals. Award 1 mark for a relevant limitation. Thursday, 10 October 2013

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