Lesson 7 alternatives factors to the stress response


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Lesson 7 alternatives factors to the stress response

  1. 1. Lesson 7: Alternative Factors in the Stress ResponseSunday, 15 July 2012
  2. 2. Lesson 6 Psychological Determinants of the Stress Response EXAM QUESTIONSunday, 15 July 2012
  3. 3. Model ResponseSunday, 15 July 2012
  4. 4. Social, Cultural & Environmental Factors of the Stress Response Of the theories we have looked at so far, neither Selye’s GAS or Lazarus’ Transactional theories have accounted for social, cultural or environmental factors that contribute to the stress response.Sunday, 15 July 2012
  5. 5. Consider the scenarios in the text book on p 456, clearly ones cultural background has a huge influence on the level of stress a person feels given a common stressorSunday, 15 July 2012
  6. 6. 10 minutes :) Quick Activity Create your own scenario that illustrates how social, cultural or environmental factors changes the level of stress felt by the individual Some examples could include: *receiving low school grades *marrying some one of a different religion/ cultural background *being a bikini model *getting a tattooSunday, 15 July 2012
  7. 7. AllostasisSunday, 15 July 2012
  8. 8. Remember way back in Semester 1 when we looked at homeostasis??? Our body’s maintenance of balance in day-to-day automatic functions. Well just to confused you there is also a concept known as allostasis which is our bodies ability to remain flexible (variable) to allow us to adapt to future challenges. CONFUSED???? Its ok if you are because it super confusing to get your head around! Homeostasis is there to ensure we remain stable in function whereas allostasis is there to ensure we can still manage when life stressors jolt us into instability!Sunday, 15 July 2012
  9. 9. Homeostasis Vs Allostasis Homeostasis aims to maintain a ‘set point’ of bodily functions Allostasis aims to maintain a ‘set point’ in changing environmentse.g. You are sitting in class quietly, not alarmedor nervous then you hear the teacher saying wehave a pop quiz and all of a sudden your heart starts beating and you being to sweat - allostasis body responding to environmentSunday, 15 July 2012
  10. 10. Allostasis allows us homeostasis (stability) when we are in flight or fight mode. e.g. I am studying full time at uni whilst working 30 hours a week when my partner breaks up with me. I am extremely upset and am freaking out about how to pay rent without their input. Due to my high state of arousal, allostasis is maintaining my ability to function (work and study) until I can find a house mate to elevate my financial concerns and return to homeostasis.Sunday, 15 July 2012
  11. 11. Allostatic load Refers to the number of stressors that a person may experience, leading to recurrent arousal Frequent activation of the flight-fight response has a cumulative effect that can result in long term damage to the body e.g. Penny is a Year 12 student, she has a usual load of 5 subjects which is stressful enough, however she has just been informed to gain her scholarship she needs an average of 90% across her subjects. This pressure adds to her allostatic loadSunday, 15 July 2012
  12. 12. Allostatic Overload As the name suggests, too many new stressors, or being unable to adapt to the new stressors results in an inability to ‘cope’Sunday, 15 July 2012
  13. 13. Essential Learning Activities Activity 1: Review Questions 1) Using your own words distinguish between homeostasis and allostasis. Provide an example. 2) Describe what is meant by allostatic load. 3) Create a list of your allostatic load. Highlight points that could lead to allostatic overload. Activity 2: Go to the VCAA website and search through past psychology exams for any questions relating to allostasis. a) What type of questions are common? b) Which content that we have already studied is similar to allostasis. How can you distinguish between these? c) Write a question that you think may appear on this years exam.Sunday, 15 July 2012