Lesson 10 a comparison of operant and classical conditioning2013
Lesson 10: Comparing Operant and Classical Conditioning
From last lesson…………….. Max is a nine-‐year-‐old boy who has learning diﬃculties. A child psychologist is working with Max. Max continually interrupts their session together by getting out of his seat. The psychologist wants to teach Max to stay in his seat for their half-‐hour session. a. Give an example of how the psychologist could change Max’s behaviour using operant conditioning. (1 mark) b. Using the terms of operant conditioning, explain how your method will help Max to learn to stay in his seat. (2 marks)
The Answer is…………… a. • Max could be rewarded with a sticker for every ﬁve minutes he remained in his seat (positive reinforcement) • Max could be scolded when he gets out of his seat (punishment). b. • the psychologist gives Max a sticker for every session he does not get out of his seat. The sticker acts a positive reinforcer to encourage the behaviour of staying in his seat • the psychologist scolded Max when he tried to leave his seat. This acted as punishment, making it less likely that Max would repeat the behaviour. Many students continue to confuse negative reinforcement (which strengthens a response) with punishment (which weakens a response).
This lesson……… • Compare and contrast of classical and operant conditioning in terms of the processes of acquisition, extinction, stimulus generalisation, stimulus discrimination, spontaneous recovery, role of learner, timing of stimulus and response, and nature of response (reﬂexive/voluntary)
Activities 1) Scenario questions comparing classical and operant conditioning 2) Create a presentation of your choice (poster/podcast/drawing/prezi) that compares classical and operant conditioning in terms of: " the processes of acquisition " Extinction " stimulus generalisation " stimulus discrimination " spontaneous recovery " role of learnertiming of stimulus and response " nature of response (reﬂexive/voluntary)