Lesson 1: Behavioursnot dependent on                           learningWednesday, 3 April 2013
What you need to know and be able to do by            the end of the lesson            • Define the term ‘learning’        ...
In you own words try to define the term   ‘Learning’Wednesday, 3 April 2013
In you own words try to define the term   ‘Learning’   Learning can be defined as any relatively permanent   change in behav...
Behaviours not dependent on                   learning                           Reflex Actions         Fixed Action Patter...
Reflex                      Actions A reflex is an innate, automatic reaction involving a simple rapid response to specific s...
Reflex                      Actions A reflex is an innate, automatic reaction involving a simple rapid response to specific s...
Fixed action patterns  Fixed action patterns, also known as species-specific behaviours, are  behaviours that occur among n...
Maturation   The orderly, sequential changes the body is   genetically predetermined to undertake is referred to   as matu...
Activities     Activity 1 Briefly describe three key     characteristics of behaviour that is learned.                     ...
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Lesson 1 behaviours not dependent on learning 2013

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Lesson 1 behaviours not dependent on learning 2013

  1. 1. Lesson 1: Behavioursnot dependent on learningWednesday, 3 April 2013
  2. 2. What you need to know and be able to do by the end of the lesson • Define the term ‘learning’ • Explain the differences between reflex actions, fixed action patterns, and behaviours due to maturationWednesday, 3 April 2013
  3. 3. In you own words try to define the term ‘Learning’Wednesday, 3 April 2013
  4. 4. In you own words try to define the term ‘Learning’ Learning can be defined as any relatively permanent change in behaviour that may occur as a result of experience.Wednesday, 3 April 2013
  5. 5. Behaviours not dependent on learning Reflex Actions Fixed Action Patterns MaturationWednesday, 3 April 2013
  6. 6. Reflex Actions A reflex is an innate, automatic reaction involving a simple rapid response to specific stimulus, which does not depend on conscious thought or processing by the brain.Wednesday, 3 April 2013
  7. 7. Reflex Actions A reflex is an innate, automatic reaction involving a simple rapid response to specific stimulus, which does not depend on conscious thought or processing by the brain.What is the purpose ofreflexes?Wednesday, 3 April 2013
  8. 8. Fixed action patterns Fixed action patterns, also known as species-specific behaviours, are behaviours that occur among nearly all members of a species.These behaviours are typically more complex than a reflex. A fixed action pattern occurs when all members of a species produce a similar response to the same specific environmental stimuli.Wednesday, 3 April 2013
  9. 9. Maturation The orderly, sequential changes the body is genetically predetermined to undertake is referred to as maturation. Certain behaviours are not possible until a specific developmental stage has been reached. For instance, a child can not be toilet trained until they are maturationally ready, meaning they have to have developed the requisite ability to maintain bladder control.Wednesday, 3 April 2013
  10. 10. Activities Activity 1 Briefly describe three key characteristics of behaviour that is learned.  Activity 2 Create a Venn Diagram with the headings, reflex actions, fixed-action pattern, and maturation. Activity 3 In pairs choose two good examples of each type of behaviour not dependent on learning and prepare a podcast showing the example.Wednesday, 3 April 2013

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