VCE Psychology Units 3 & 4Lesson 8 Applica.on of Strategies for Coping With Stress
Lesson 7 Alterna-ve Factors and Approaches of the Stress Response EXAM QUESTION
ANSWER: A: Britt’s allostatic load would increase
What is stress?Stress is a state of physiological and psychological arousal produced by internal or external stressors that are perceived by the individual as challenging or exceeding their ability or resources to cope. Source: Photo alto
What causes you stress? Rank the following stressors in order of how stressed they make you feel (1=lowest to 7=highest): conﬂicts with a boyfriend or girlfriend dissa>sfac>on with your athle>c skills having your trust betrayed by a friend struggling to meet your own academic standards not having enough money conﬂicts with family members dissa>sfac>on with your physical appearance. Compare your responses with the person next to you.
Your stress responseWhen you are stressed: a) what physiological responses do you experience? b) what psychological responses do you experience? Source: Image Source
Coping with stress • How do you cope with stress? • There are many diﬀerent ways of coping with stress. Coping with stress Biofeedback Meditation or Physical Social support relaxation exercise Using thought Help or A deeply relaxed Engaging processes to assistance state; reduced in physical control a from other psychological and activity physiological people physiological response tension
Biofeedback• During biofeedback training, electrical or mechanical sensors (e.g. electrodes on an EEG, EMG or a blood pressure cuff) are attached to the person.• These sensors respond to and provide feedback on a Source: Getty particular physiological response, e.g. tension in a particular muscle, blood pressure or skin temperature.
Biofeedback• A person is taught a series of exercises designed to help them learn how to gain control over the physiological response that is being monitored.• Biofeedback can be beneficial in helping people manage stress- related problems such as high blood pressure, chronic pain and migraines. Source: Bananastock
Medita-on and relaxa-on • The term meditation is used interchangeably with relaxation because meditation involves relaxation and relaxation can be achieved by using a meditative technique.• When in a relaxed or meditative state, people typically report: • feeling calm • a low level or absence of anxiety • responses associated with a low level of overall physiological arousal such as lower heart rate, slower breathing rate and loss of muscle tension. List three things you do to relax.
Physical exercisePhysical exercise is physical ac-vity that is usually planned and performed to improve or maintain one’s physical condi-on. Aerobic exercise is best for physical and mental health, although anaerobic exercise is bePer than no exercise at all. What is the diﬀerence between aerobic and anaerobic exercise? Give 2 examples of each. Source: Getty
Social Support Social support is help or assistance from other people when needed. Social support Appraisal Tangible Information Emotional support support support supportPerson is Person is given Person is Person ishelped tangible support, given given warmth,to realistically e.g. food, financial information care andappraise the assistance or nurturingstressor goods
Social supportWhat type(s) of social support do other people give to you? What type(s) of social support do you give to other people? Source: Image Source
Coping with stress In order to cope with stress, which one do you usemost and which one do you use least?Rank in order from 1 (not at all) to 4 (a lot): biofeedback medita>on/relaxa>on physical exercise social support Which of the four is most commonly used in your class?