HISTORY OF EUROPEAN AGRICULTURE European Agriculture has undergone significant developments since the time of the earliest cultivation. European agriculture has been characterized by enhanced productivity, the replacement of human labor by synthetic fertilizers and pesticides, selective breeding, and mechanizatio n.
European Agriculture. The three field system of crop rotation was invented by the European farmers. Danube river was the main influential water body used for farming in northern Europe.
Economic Structure There were basically two levels of people in this society the peasant and the lord or priest. First were the peasants or serfs who raised the food. The second level of society was the lords and priests. The lords required taxes from the serfs in both food and labor from each family. The church required 10% of everything the serf produced.
Tools Used in Ancient European Farming European farming methods used basic scythe and plowing tools. Tools including the scythe and plow were improved from classical versions. The mouldboard plow and wheeled plow were increasingly used
ScytheA Scythe is an agricultural handtool for mowing grass,or reaping crops. It was largelyreplaced by horse-drawn, but is stillused in some areas of Europe. Plough Plough or plow was used in farming for initial cultivation of soil in preparation for sowing seed or planting.
Animals Used byancient EuropeanfarmersDraft horses were bredand increasingly usedas a working animal inmany parts ofEurope, while oxen continued to be used forthis purpose. Metalhorseshoes were widelyadopted.
More About EuropeanAgriculture Crop rotation confers various benefits to the soil, it was invented and implemented in Northern Europe. By 16th century population & agriculture were expanding in Europe.
Facts About EuropeanAgriculture The European Agriculture contributed to 7% of the total worlds trade. Potato was one of the most cultivated Crop followed by wheat and rice.