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ReforestationinEast AfricaAssessment of the GreenBelt Movement’sReforestation Efforts inKenyaEmily TaylorLisa WanCourtney ...
Kenya
Kenya
The Crisis       Population                Human              Environmental        Growth                  Pressures      ...
“Its a matter of life and death for this country. TheKenyan forests are facing extinction and it is a man-made problem.”  ...
Wangari Mathaai’s    Green Belt Movement“The mission of the Green Belt Movement is tomobilize community consciousness for ...
GBM AccomplishmentsPlanted over 45 million trees in three ofKenya’s five watershedsCreated a network of 600 communitiesacr...
Are GBM’seffortseffective?Is GBMoperating inareas mostsuitable forreplanting?
Watershed Concept                                    UPPER WATERSHEDS                                         Upper Tana R...
Drivers  Deforestation             ReforestationHuman settlement       NutritionFuel wood              Food SecurityLoggin...
Indicators of DriversDriver         Available Data           Relevance to Reforestation            Reforestation          ...
Insufficient Data on Drivers                          Available     Relevance to             Data Issue                   ...
Are GBM’seffortseffective?Is GBMoperating inareas mostsuitable forreplanting?
MethodologyGBM watersheds: Mount        ComparisonKenya (1), Aberdares            Forest cover(3), and Mau Complex        ...
Comparative Analysis Methodology:    Water Tower Boundaries
Comparative Analysis Methodology:          Add Poverty
Comparative Analysis Methodology:    Add Population Density
Comparative Analysis Methodology:          Add Charcoal
Comparative Analysis Methodology:          Intersect Data
Comparative Analysis Methodology:          Intersect Data
Comparative Analysis Methodology:          Intersect Data
Comparative Analysis Results                              25                                   21.89                      ...
Comparative Analysis Results                              25                                   21.89                      ...
Are GBM’seffortseffective?Is GBMoperating inareas mostsuitable forreplanting?
Reforestation Suitability Analysis      +        +
Reforestation Suitability Analysis      +        +        *(           )
Reforestation Suitability Analysis(         +        +        )*=
Site Suitability FindingsWater Tower 1   Water Tower   2   Water Tower 3Water Tower 4   Water Tower   5
Site Suitability FindingsWater Tower 1   Water Tower   2   Water Tower 3Water Tower 4   Water Tower   5
What this meansIn our comparison, there is a significantforested area between the GBM watershedsand control GBM (if all ot...
ReflectionsWhat are the implications of this study inother countries? Somalia? World-wide?Plant trees where people are, fo...
Photocreditsgreenbeltmovement.orgBrian Thomas, carbon-based-ghg.blogspot.comBBC News, bbc.co.uk/news/Mathilde Guillemot, b...
Reforestation in east africa final
Reforestation in east africa final
Reforestation in east africa final
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Reforestation in east africa final

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Reforestation in east africa final

  1. 1. ReforestationinEast AfricaAssessment of the GreenBelt Movement’sReforestation Efforts inKenyaEmily TaylorLisa WanCourtney Wilson
  2. 2. Kenya
  3. 3. Kenya
  4. 4. The Crisis Population Human Environmental Growth Pressures Degradation• 39m population • 1.7% forest cover • Last 60 years (2009) • Widespread ridden with• Projected growth deforestation for severe, cyclical to 65m by 2050 agriculture droughts• ~50% of the • 50% of agriculture • Chronic soil erosion population lives is for subsistence • Chronic water loss below poverty line farming from key • 75% of domestic watersheds energy is derived • Decrease in from fuel wood hydropower due to water loss
  5. 5. “Its a matter of life and death for this country. TheKenyan forests are facing extinction and it is a man-made problem.” Wangari Maathai
  6. 6. Wangari Mathaai’s Green Belt Movement“The mission of the Green Belt Movement is tomobilize community consciousness for self-determination, equity, improvedlivelihoods, security, and environmentalconservation.”
  7. 7. GBM AccomplishmentsPlanted over 45 million trees in three ofKenya’s five watershedsCreated a network of 600 communitiesacross Kenya that care for 6,000 treenurseriesReduced soil erosion in critical watershedsRestored thousands of acres of biodiversity-rich indigenous forests
  8. 8. Are GBM’seffortseffective?Is GBMoperating inareas mostsuitable forreplanting?
  9. 9. Watershed Concept UPPER WATERSHEDS Upper Tana River (1) Upper Ewaso Ngiro (North) (2) Lake Nakuru, Lake Elementaita, and Lake Naivasha tributaries (3) Upper Ewaso Ngiro (South) (4) Upper western watersheds of the Mau Escarpment (5) Upper eastern watersheds of Mount Elgon (6) Upper southwestern watersheds of the Cherangani Hills (7) Upper northern watersheds of the Cherangani Hills (8) OTHER FEATURES Closed forests DRAINAGE BOUNDARIES Major drainage area boundaries Sub-drainage area boundaries WATER BODIES AND RIVERS Permanent rivers Water bodiesSource: World Resources Institute
  10. 10. Drivers Deforestation ReforestationHuman settlement NutritionFuel wood Food SecurityLogging Fuel woodSubsistence farming Biodiversity
  11. 11. Indicators of DriversDriver Available Data Relevance to Reforestation Reforestation Threshold Population Density Indicator of anthropogenic impact - >100 people perDegradation (1999, shapefile) fuel wood gathering, agriculture, km and illegal logging. Charcoal/Fuel Wood Indicator of where potential Charcoal source Sources (shapefile) charcoal fuel sources are located Mammal Diversity Indicator of more complex forest >60 mammals perBiodiversity (potential diversity, systems. km2 shapefile) Poverty Density (1999, Proxy for identifying the extent to >50 people perSecurity & Nutrition shapefile) which individuals have access to km2 Food adequate food and water supplies
  12. 12. Insufficient Data on Drivers Available Relevance to Data Issue Data Replanting Roads Indicator of human Insufficient data to be used as a credibleDegradation Degradation habitation. Roads indicator of human population density. fragment habitat Smaller/informal roads are excluded. and landscape. Towns Indicator of high- Insufficient data to be used as a credibleSecurity/Nutr density areas where indicator of all high-population density & Food ition individuals are likely areas. to have market access Agriculture Indicator of land Available agricultural data is not detailedDegradation use for both enough. subsistence and commercial agriculture activity. Protected Indicator of land Protected status varies based on personnelBiodiversity Areas/Non- protection status management and the prevalence of Protected corruption. GBM sources indicates replanting on public land, therefore they cannot be exclude from analysis.
  13. 13. Are GBM’seffortseffective?Is GBMoperating inareas mostsuitable forreplanting?
  14. 14. MethodologyGBM watersheds: Mount ComparisonKenya (1), Aberdares Forest cover(3), and Mau Complex between GBM(5) watersheds & control watershedsControl watersheds:Mount Elgon Suitability(2), Cherengani Hills (4) Comparative analysis ofNo data on specific populationlocations of reforestation density, charcoalsites source, poverty density & mammal diversityUsing spatial data, a Each variable scored onsnap shot of Kenya scale of 0-100
  15. 15. Comparative Analysis Methodology: Water Tower Boundaries
  16. 16. Comparative Analysis Methodology: Add Poverty
  17. 17. Comparative Analysis Methodology: Add Population Density
  18. 18. Comparative Analysis Methodology: Add Charcoal
  19. 19. Comparative Analysis Methodology: Intersect Data
  20. 20. Comparative Analysis Methodology: Intersect Data
  21. 21. Comparative Analysis Methodology: Intersect Data
  22. 22. Comparative Analysis Results 25 21.89 20 18.74 Average Percent Tree Cover 16.03 15.26 15 10 8.33 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 Water Tower
  23. 23. Comparative Analysis Results 25 21.89 20 18.74 Average Percent Tree Cover 16.03 15.26 15 10 8.33 5 0 1 2 3 4 5 Water Tower
  24. 24. Are GBM’seffortseffective?Is GBMoperating inareas mostsuitable forreplanting?
  25. 25. Reforestation Suitability Analysis + +
  26. 26. Reforestation Suitability Analysis + + *( )
  27. 27. Reforestation Suitability Analysis( + + )*=
  28. 28. Site Suitability FindingsWater Tower 1 Water Tower 2 Water Tower 3Water Tower 4 Water Tower 5
  29. 29. Site Suitability FindingsWater Tower 1 Water Tower 2 Water Tower 3Water Tower 4 Water Tower 5
  30. 30. What this meansIn our comparison, there is a significantforested area between the GBM watershedsand control GBM (if all other factors holdconstant)It appears GBM is working in the watershedsthat are most suitable for reforestation efforts
  31. 31. ReflectionsWhat are the implications of this study inother countries? Somalia? World-wide?Plant trees where people are, for the peopleto use and benefit from them!What is the role of government?
  32. 32. Photocreditsgreenbeltmovement.orgBrian Thomas, carbon-based-ghg.blogspot.comBBC News, bbc.co.uk/news/Mathilde Guillemot, boostinspiration.comCreative Roots, afroklectic.blogspot.comArt Poster, kenya-advisor.comyesbuthowever.com/twohoursfromlondon.blogspot.comL Fred Ericks, BBC News, bbc.co.uk/news/Google Earth, morriscourse.comThe Rainforest Foundation, earthhopenetwork.net

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