Geographical features of europe


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Geographical features of europe

  1. 1. Geographic Features of Europe As we watch the slide show….. and discuss features…. you will take notes in your composition books.
  2. 2. Standard SS6G8 The student will locate selected features of Europe. a.Locate on a world and regional political- physical map: the Danube River, Rhine River, English Channel, Mediterranean Sea, European Plain, the Alps, Pyrenees, Ural Mountains, Iberian Peninsula, and Scandinavian Peninsula. b.Locate on a world and regional political-physical map the countries of Belgium, France, Germany, Italy, Poland, Russia, Spain, Ukraine, and United Kingdom.
  3. 3. Your notes will look like this when they have been completed… but until you know just how much space you will need…. Feature Danube River Rhine River English Channel Mediterranean Sea European Plain Alps Pyrenees Ural Mountains Iberian Scandinavian Description Location
  4. 4. Feature until you know just how much Danube River space you will need….just start the chart……. Description Location
  5. 5. Think IB….this is a 1-2 out of 10.
  6. 6. Europe is a wellwatered continent with many rivers. Europe’s rivers
  7. 7. The Danube River 177 0 m iles
  8. 8. Danube River •2nd largest river in Europe (Volga is first) •1,770 miles long •Played a vital role in the development of central Europe (trade & cultural diffusion)
  9. 9. The Danube River Biking Along the Danube Where Buda & Pest Meet  Flows from the Alps in Germany through 8 countries until it reaches the Ukraine into the Black Sea
  10. 10. Danube River
  11. 11. Rhine River
  12. 12. Rhine River  Longest river in Germany  An important waterway for trade  Begins in the Alps of Switzerland, and flows north to the North Sea.
  13. 13. The English Channel     Small body of water that separates England from France 350 miles long In the past , it was used as a good system of defense for England An important waterway for trade
  14. 14. lish ng E el ann Ch St ra it o fD ov er The United Kingdom France
  15. 15.      Mediterranean Sea Important route for trade & cultural exchange “ Crossroads for 3 continents” (Europe, Africa, & Asia) Covers an area of 965,000 square miles Name means “in the middle of the earth” (surrounded by land ) 2,400 miles long & 1,000 miles wide
  16. 16. European Plain
  17. 17. The European Plain     Largest mountain-free landform in Europe Stretches from the Pyrenees in the west to the Ural Mountains in the east Extends 2,000 miles Successful agricultural area
  18. 18. Alps •Located north of Italy and spans across 7 countries •Major tourist destination •Extend for almost 700 miles! •The word Alps means
  19. 19. Pyrenees •Stretching from the Atlantic Ocean to the Mediterranean separating Spain and France •250 miles long •form a natural barrier separating the rest of the continent to create the Iberian Peninsula
  20. 20. 15 m 00 il es Ural Mountains: “The Great Divide” It divides the European and Asian sections of Russia.
  21. 21. Ural Mountains      Considered the natural boundary between Europe & Asia Divide Russia: 1/4 is in Europe, 3/4 is in Asia 1,500 miles long! Among the world’s OLDEST mountain ranges Huge deposits of minerals: gold, nickel, silver, platinum, coal, iron, & other minerals
  22. 22. Peninsula of peninsulas Europe is composed of the westwardprojecting peninsulas of Eurasia and occupying nearly one-fifteenth of the world's total land area.
  23. 23. Southern Peninsulas Iberian Peninsula Italian Peninsula Balkan Peninsula
  24. 24. Iberian Peninsula •The Pyrenees form the northern border •2nd largest peninsula in Europe •Includes the countries of Spain & Portugal
  25. 25. The Rock of Gibraltar Strategically important, Gibraltar was ceded to Great Britain by Spain in the 1713 Treaty of Utrecht; the British garrison was formally declared a colony in 1830. In referendums held in 1967 and 2002, Gibraltarians ignored Spanish pressure and voted overwhelmingly to remain a British dependency.
  26. 26. Scandinavian Peninsula    Largest peninsula in Europe (1,150 miles long) Consists of Norway, Sweden, and the northern region of Finland Region is rich in timber, iron, & copper
  27. 27. Scandinavian Peninsula
  28. 28. Let’s Map them out   Physical Map - You will be given a blank map of Europe to locate, label, and draw or shade in the physical features. Political Map – You will be given a blank map of Europe to locate, label, and color countries of the region.