Images on Front Cover and Inside page are a blend of the following places in our ten-county region of Middle Tennessee: Left: Downtown Nashville from the Cumberland River, BellSouth, now AT&T “Batman Building”….a Nashville icon building, Riverfront Park and other notable sky line features Center: Bicentennial Walking Train in Ashland City, an excellent example of an urban greenway, featuring stunning views of the Cumberland River, providing biking and walking connections throughout this City Left: A scenic farm in the Leipers Creek community of Williamson County which depicts the beautiful farmland and open areas that make our ten county region desirable and unique.
Page 157 Image: Natchez Trace bridge over Hwy 96 West in Williamson County As this toolbox makes clear, many factors influence land use and development patterns…..community reinvestment vs green field development, home building patterns, land use and transportation planning – best used if worked together and other quality of life issues including conservation of open space…….This chapter looks at another important facet of growth and development….providing adequate infrastructure…. Infrastructure represents sizable capital investments in facilities and equipment and substantial commitments of land and other natural resources to accommodate it…whether it be roads, water and sewer, telecommunications or other utilities…. Our region’s continuing growth rate will require new and improved infrastructure….and both are Costly…...Coordination of these investments with all other factors explored in this Toolbox is essential……..
Pages 168 – 169 Image: Typical roadway, and sewer infrastructure along a Greenway….. Five of our region’s ten counties….Davidson, Williamson, Rutherford, Sumner and Montgomery…account for almost a third or $6 Billion of the entire states infrastructure needs…..no coincidence that these are among our region’s fastest growing counties…… Funding to meet these needs will need to come from all levels of government, utility providers and the private sector and funds are limited at every level…… Local government’s ability to provide for this is challenged with traditional low density development patterns the loss of federal infrastructure funding and other state priorities…..It is imperative that we coordinate development decisions with public and private infrastructure funding to meet our region’s growing needs in a responsible manner….Coordinating comprehensive plans and infrastructure investments can make our region sustainable and competitive….and keep costs of government/taxes at acceptable levels…
Pages 170 – 171 Images: CRT Alternative Case Scenario and typical Commercial Construction Site in our region….. Residents of our region stated that they preferred growth patterns in keeping with our Alternative Case Map….with defined areas of growth in nodes and along corridors set within areas of relatively undeveloped land… Uncoordinated land use and transportation planning and provision of infrastructure by many providers such as local governments, utility districts, state agencies and other providers will not guide our region’s growth toward the Alternative Case….This lack of coordination coupled with premature, dispersed development patterns in some areas creates unanticipated infrastructure needs…The resulting large costs suggest that strategies and tools to improve coordination is needed….. Development of comprehensive local, project scale and ultimately regional plan, coupled with guided infrastructure investments is one way to proactively accomplish get a handle on this critical issue….
Page 174 – 179 Image: Berry Farms Development Comprehensive Site Plan Guiding infrastructure and resulting growth can help provide predictability, affordability and sustainability for our region…..We can do four basic things to support our region’s vision and guide infrastructure investments: Guide growth and development to ensure cost-effective investments Invest in infrastructure that supports the kind of communities and open space that residents of our region value and desire Align priorities and programming to create and maintain cost-effective infrastructure investments that will lead to cost-effective government Increase our information base for more informed planning and infrastructure decisions
Pages 178 – 179 Image: US Highway 321 SR 73 Improvements near Gatlinburg This project is an example where local and state governments planned for for Regional Economic Development Readiness by making sure this important gateway into Gatlinburg and the Smoky Mountains was attractive and functioned well to move cars and people. By identifying the most attractive locations for economic development and making sure sites and communities are ready…… Employers desiring to locate, expand or remain in our region can invest with confidence…and We look like we know what we are doing by making sure that we have infrastructure and sites ready across the region…. For support of all economic sectors, regional Jobs/Housing Balance and equal benefit to all counties….
Page 173 TDOT Plan is Tennessee’s Multi-modal Transportation Plan, geared to identify and meet the state’s transportation needs for the next 25 years. Plan Go accomplished three important outcomes: A 25-year vision for transportation in Tennessee A 10-year Strategic Investment Plan, consistent with the Vision An annual development of a 3-year program of projects approved by the Legislature Important outcomes of Plan Go in addition to a vision for transportation services for the next 25 years are: Highest priority put on preservation of infrastructure, transportation services and safety Need to invest in all modes and create sustainable long-term funding for all facets of transportation in Tennessee Process to evaluate projects that best meet community needs and prioritize them consistently with the Plan’s Guiding Principles
Page 180 Image: Streetscape Improvements in Nashville’s 12 South Redevelopment District Comprehensive Planning including adequate infrastructure is the foundation for effective community and economic development…….they also are our assurance for sustainable and cost-effective government…. Strategic infrastructure investments can support our region’s Quality Growth Principles, Goals and Strategies….and Improve local tax bases by leveraging existing infrastructure to increase community property value and tax bases…. When all essential elements of community and economic development are addressed in comprehensive plans and connected to infrastructure planning and funding, our region can insure that we have economic development readiness and preserve our great quality of life….and also maximize our public and private investments…….
Page 175 Image: Downtown Streetscape with improved roads, parking and pedestrian areas…. Capital Improvement Programs (CIP) can align with comprehensive community and regional plans, with provisions to have development concurrent with development they can encourage development in the right place at the right time….. Consolidated information form CIP’s can support informed decisions regarding planning and infrastructure investments and greatly assist governments in ensuring cost-effective operations…… And ensure that older infrastructure is updated properly for on-going operation and safety……and not over looked by pressing new infrastructure demands from dispersed development patterns…… A current state and national issue………..
Page 176 Sidebar Image; Nashville Chamber Partnership 2010 Regional Infrastructure Priorities… The Partnership 2010 Strategic Plan, Goal Area 4, calls for emphasis on regional infrastructure planning and development as essential to continue our regional economic development success by ensuring that we have an adequate range of sites to locate new or expanding employers throughout all ten-counties… Identifying the most appropriate for these new jobs, with those equipped with necessary roads and other transportation modes such as air, waterways and rail support; along with water, sewer, telecommunications and other utilities; is key to maintaining our region’s continuing economic development success… By working proactively to identify and prepare our best sites for economic development within community and regional plans, we will be ready for continuing economic development that is sure to come and that we all desire……
Page 177 Sidebar Image: Commuter Patterns in our ten-county region…. The dispersed and one dimensional pattern of growth over the past 30 years has over the last 15-20 years have seen concentrations of jobs in Davidson, Rutherford and Williamson counties and movement of employees to other counties across our region, as this graphic illustrates….. This pattern of growth has created increased congestion as workers drive across county lines for work, shopping and other daily activities, even as our interstates and roadways have been expanded…. A broader regional view of economic development can foster a better balance of jobs and housing across our counties and reduce infrastructure costs…and also ensure a jobs/housing balance that insures workforce housing near job centers that is a good spatial match between skills needed, housing choice and accessibility to work….Quality infill and redevelopment with diverse housing at varying density levels is one way to meet this regional need and make the most of our existing infrastructure investments……
Page 178 PC 1101 is the state’s guide for comprehensive planning and can be strengthened by: Defining comprehensive plan requirements Requiring coordination with local plans required in Title 13, the state’s primary legislation Integrating plans with non-state and federal infrastructure funding Requiring coordination with state governmental plans, programs or policies
Page 179 Counties and cities in our region can elect to exceed current requirements: Develop comprehensive community and regional plans tied to community and economic development priorities Align Infrastructure funding/operation to implement comprehensive plans Connect Comprehensive Plans to PC 1101 Plans submissions Use PC 1101 Joint Economic and Community Development Boards to coordinate county wide comprehensive planning, with infrastructure funding included, to ensure economic development readiness
Page 182 – 185 Priority Funding Areas for public infrastructure investments guide development into designated areas and away from areas identified for conservation “ Fix it First” Policies maximize use of existing infrastructure in already developed areas. Examples of program and phasing tools that can insure sustainability and cost-effective government are: Making roads work for multi-modal uses Downtown revitalization using and repairing critical internal works Congestion management tools like ITS (Intelligent Transportation Systems) Concurrency requirements tieing development approvals to specified levels of infrastructure Asset Management manages capital assets and minimizes the costs of owing and operating then Incentives for large developments provide wider range of housing types and density bonuses in return for development meeting certain criteria…coordinated master plans and infrastructure installation is critical to the success of such projects
Pages 186 – 187 Use Asset Management and CIP for wise financing and investment decision making….and insure system efficiency and long-term costs of operation and maintenance…..when Greenfield development is standard practice, older inner systems pipes and roadways are often left behind as funding goes to support new systems for dispersed development patterns Maximize Grants - When federal, state and local infrastructure funding is coordinated with comprehensive plans, grants can be more successfully obtained and government expense can be more effectively managed Establishing Infrastructure Tax Credits can encourage builders and developers to invest in neighborhoods that have existing or planned infrastructure in municipalities designated as growth centers Integration of Land Use and Transportation and Infrastructure Funding by states provide strong incentive by specifying a set of criteria for inclusion in local land use plans that address integration of transportation impacts and assumptions as a prerequisite for state funding
Page 188 – 191 Traffic Impact Analysis consider identifying onsite and offsite road improvements required by developments….these are done best when they include area-wide capacity and tie to variable LOS targets to induce development that is contiguous and urbanizing Cost of Community Services Studies (COCS) provides counties data that can be used to understand the cost of services on a county scale…..The methodology analyzes revenues and expenditures on a land use basis…residential, commercial/industrial, and farmland for a specific year. The analysis presented above is COCS results from a 2005 study completed in Robertson County which documented revenues by land use categories and fiscal demands of public services (ie… public safety, government, administration, schools, courts, etc). Results provide local government decision makers a snapshot in time description of the net cost to local county governments by land use types for a particular fiscal year Generally COCS results call for a balanced approach to land use planning and decision making that includes an appropriate mix of land uses to even out costs to local governments and tax payers
Case Study details in Toolbox Training Materials Section for this chapter
Quality Growth Toolbox Infrastructure
QUALITY GROWTH TOOLBOX
Guiding Infrastructure Investments for Sustainable Growth
<ul><li>Growth requires infrastructure and infrastructure is expensive </li></ul>
<ul><li>Infrastructure has become primarily a government responsibility </li></ul>
<ul><li>Challenges to Cost Effective Infrastructure and Government </li></ul>How We Can Guide Infrastructure Investments for Sustainable Growth
<ul><li>Create and Implement Comprehensive Community Level and Regional Plans that Guide Growth and Align Infrastructure Investments to Accomplish Them </li></ul><ul><li>Target Infrastructure Investments Strategically to Support Community and Regional Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Plan for Regional Economic Development Readiness </li></ul><ul><li>Create Regional Jobs/Housing Balance </li></ul>Toolbox pg. 175
<ul><li>Use Tennessee State Laws and Programs to Guide Growth and Infrastructure Investments </li></ul><ul><li>Use Community and Regional Leadership to Create Good Comprehensive and Infrastructure Plans </li></ul>Toolbox pg. 178
<ul><li>Develop and Implement Comprehensive Community Plans that Includes Infrastructure Provisions </li></ul>Create and Implement Comprehensive Community Level and Regional Plans that Guide Growth and Align Infrastructure Investments to Accomplish Them Toolbox pg. 180
Target Infrastructure Investments Strategically to Support Community and Regional Plans <ul><li>Use consolidated information from Capital Improvement Programs (CIP) </li></ul>Toolbox pg. 185
Plan for Regional Economic Development Readiness <ul><li>Create desirable locations for new jobs and employees desiring to locate, expand or remain. </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and implement employment zoning at highly accessible locations. </li></ul>Toolbox pg. 176
Create Regional Jobs / Housing Balance <ul><li>Create a regional view of economic development, as opposed to self-contained communities </li></ul><ul><li>Provide a range of housing options </li></ul>Toolbox pg. 177
Use Tennessee State Laws and Programs to Guide Growth and Infrastructure Investments <ul><li>Maximize State Statutes and Policies </li></ul>Toolbox pg. 178
Use Community and Regional Leadership to Create Good Comprehensive and Infrastructure Plans <ul><li>Develop comprehensive community and regional plans </li></ul><ul><li>Align infrastructure funding and operation to implement the plans </li></ul><ul><li>Analyze current and future infrastructure and services expenses </li></ul><ul><li>Use Joint Economic and Community Development Boards </li></ul>Toolbox pg. 179
Programming and Phasing Tools Toolbox pg. 182 <ul><li>Develop Priority Funding Areas </li></ul><ul><li>Use “Fix it First” Policies </li></ul><ul><li>Concurrency requirements </li></ul><ul><li>Phasing plans for water and sewer </li></ul><ul><li>Asset management planning </li></ul><ul><li>Incentives for large integrated projects </li></ul><ul><li>Capital Improvement Programs </li></ul>
Financing / Investment Tools Toolbox pg. 186 <ul><li>Use Asset Management and Capital Improvement Planning </li></ul><ul><li>Maximize state and federal Grant funding to implement comprehensive plans and meet community infrastructure needs </li></ul><ul><li>Establish Infrastructure Tax Credits </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate land use and transportation planning and funding </li></ul>
Decision Assisting Tools <ul><li>Traffic Impact Analysis </li></ul><ul><li>Asset Management Programs </li></ul><ul><li>Cost of Community Services Studies </li></ul><ul><li>Planning for Natural Infrastructure through GreenPrint Studies </li></ul>Toolbox pg. 188
Example: Develop and Implement Comprehensive Community Plans that Include Infrastructure Provisions Toolbox pg. 180