Images on Front Cover and Inside page are a blend of the following places in our ten-county region of Middle Tennessee: Left: Downtown Nashville from the Cumberland River, BellSouth, now AT&T “Batman Building”….a Nashville icon building, Riverfront Park and other notable sky line features Center: Bicentennial Walking Train in Ashland City, an excellent example of an urban greenway, featuring stunning views of the Cumberland River, providing biking and walking connections throughout this City Left: A scenic farm in the Leipers Creek community of Williamson County which depicts the beautiful farmland and open areas that make our ten county region desirable and unique.
Page 81 – 87 Images Rattlesnake Falls in Maury County, Leipers Fork Farm, Nashville Farmers Market Benefits: Open space, wildlife habitat, water resources and agricultural products Natural beauty and sense of place, Clean and Plentiful Water, Ecologically sensitive areas, Critical conservation lands such as slopes, etc., Quality Places for active and healthily lifestyles, Cultural and Historic Corridors, Agricultural lands and forests Threats: Lands and natural resources depleted if development occurs in poorly chosen locations, with insensitive site designs or under inappropriate construction practices Rapid Conservation of open land to development, Decreasing Ag. Profits and increasing development pressure, State Growth Policies leading to extensive growth boundaries, Traditional development regulations, Creation of impervious surfaces/effect on water quality, Site Development Practices, Wastewater alternatives, Limited intergovernmental cooperation
Page 88 – 92 Images: Carnton Plantation in Williamson County, Site of Widow of the South novel and creek in Wilson County In order to successfully conserve our region’s land, water, natural and cultural resources in keeping with our current and future needs, a systematic approach to identify areas for conservation and garner resources and efforts to protect them is needed. Strategies in this chapter address this process and offer improved planning for the Natural Infrastructure and conservation development strategies that can help communities and our region work toward these critical needs.
Pages 90 – 92 Images: Drouillard House in Dickson County and Nashville’s First Green Roof atop Westview Condos on 9 th Avenue in Nashville Great work is currently underway in our region with local and state historic preservation efforts, local and state recreation and greenways work and now with increased interest in Green Building and Construction methods in Nashville and across the region Increasing energy costs and the need to develop locally sustainable energy sources are also underway with the Governor’s Alternative Fuels Initiative which offers great opportunity for the use of our region’s farmland in production of switch grass and other plants for fuel production….an excellent chance for our region’s farm lawn owners to have production outlets for farm products….and a message to us all of how important our open lands are to our future health and prosperity
Pages 92 – 94 Image: Open field in the Snow Creek Valley of Maury County, the site of The Duck River Highlands Land Resource Study which is an excellent example of a locally led effort to create a tool for use with planning and strategic conservation strategies in northeast quadrant of Maury County
Page 95 – 102 Image: Project Area Map for The Land Trust for Tennessee’s Loveless to Leiper’s Natchez Trace Corridor Initiative…. This project signifies use of existing tools for conservation such as conservation easements, for strategic conservation efforts in the important view shed corridor along the Natchez Trace in Davidson and Williamson Counties…the yellow highlighted areas show parcels permanently conserved with conservation easements…..
Pages 103 – 107 Image: Carother’s Crossing development in Davidson County This development illustrates use of Conservation Development strategies. For both rural and urban situations, land and natural resources can be protected by distributing density within an individual property to the sections of the site most suitable for development……while conserving the most valuable land and water attributes……resulting in more highly desired and valuable developments….. Many zoning codes that have minimum lot size requirements, which tend to result in subdivisions with large uniform lots evenly distributed throughout the site….Natural features are less likely to be protected through this approach because large lots convert more land to development…..These regulations make Conservation Development methods illegal and are resulting in the large land consumption patterns, especially in the rural areas of our region…..
Page 103 – 105 Image: Illustration of streamside forest buffer, offering great site stability and improved water quality This is an example of how natural features and approached can greatly improve the functionality and cost-savings of land development…….through the use of development buffers, and riparian area conservation methods……. Regulations can be put in place to prevent unsafe development practices in sensitive areas. These rules and improved site development practices can play a significant role in protecting our critical land, water, and natural resources throughout our region…….
Pages 106 – 108 REPLACE IMAGE WITH SIDEBAR ON PAGE 106.. Image: Rural Conservation Subdivision that illustrated distribution of density in relation to important land and water attributes/resources…….. Our region can greatly benefit if we make the right things easy. Updates that streamline regulations, offer bonuses for targeted density and provide opportunities for flexible density within development sites will allow for a wider range of development and also encourage better site development practices….. Another important Tool is Low Impact Development (LID) which is a land development approach that allows for the construction of new homes while conserving natural areas and drainage patterns. The BOB…Building Outside the Box program is a coalition of agencies, non profits, and business interests who have come together to demonstrate and promote sustainable building and restoration practices is an excellent effort underway in the region, using LID and Sustainable Building methods…
Page 108 Image: Ozburn Hollow Farm in Arrington, Williamson County, est. 1804 is an example of A Century Farm designated by MTSU in our region….. Other Tools and Incentives for this strategy include: Context Sensitive Solutions (CCS) Green Arterial Road Systems Patterning Vernacular Architecture Rural Historic, Cultural and Agricultural Districts Technical Assistance are available from: MTSU Center for Historic Preservation Century Farm and Civil War National Heritage Area Programs Tennessee Historical Commission and Tennessee Preservation Trust TDOT Scenic Byways and Roadscapes Programs
Page 109 Image: Stones River Greenway near Murfreesboro Efforts to conserve and protect ecologically sensitive areas, critical wetlands, and wildlife habitat are critical to the future success of our region’s economy and community’s quality of life…… To make sure that residents of our region continue to enjoy our land, water and natural resources, we can adopt standards that reduce storm water impacts, establish advantageous vegetation, and protect riparian corridors surrounding our region’s abundant rivers and streams……… Maintaining and re-establishing native vegetation on: Steep Slopes, Flood Plains, Riparian Corridors, Wetlands, Sinkholes, and Developed Landscapes are ways to use Natural Infrastructure practices to our benefit…….
Page 97 Images: Deer at twilight at Long Hunter State Park and cover of Tennessee State Wildlife Action Plan….the best in the nation….. Our TWRA, Tennessee Wildlife Resources Agency, along with the Nature Conservancy of Tennessee and other partners, have created the SWAP to examine the health of fish and wildlife populations and prescribe actions to conserve wildlife and critical habitat before they become more rare and costly to protect…… The plan identifies in usage GIS to model the most critical wildlife habitat areas including waterways, forests and open lands and caves and threats to their well-being across Tennessee and our region and the species that live in these areas. Of the 37 potential threats identified, the most common cause of wildlife imperilment was incompatible land use practices that result in loss of land, water degradation, and loss of terrestrial and aquatic habitat…
Pages 110 – 114 Image: Bagby Farm near Adams in Robertson County Our region boasts excellent soils and forests…..valuable resources which have been and continue to be the source of wealth and health for many residents…… Especially now as we reconsider how much we will need local farm land for energy and food production…… Successful efforts to keep agricultural lands open and productive are supported by American Farmland Trust…Planning for Successful Agriculture Strategies that are two-fold: Make farms productive, while, Conserving as much agricultural land as possible……
Pages 110 – 114 Image: Locally grown produce available at the Farmers Market near the Bicentennial Mall in downtown Nashville…….. Tools and Incentives to Keep Agriculture Viable in our region include: Farm-Related Businesses and Businesses that Supplement Farm Income Agricultural Economic Development Assessments Agri-Tourism Farmers Markets and Community Supported Ag. (CSA) Right to Farm Laws Agricultural Zoning and Agricultural Districts Tennessee Greenbelt Law
Page 92 Image: Bicentennial Walking Trail in Ashland City…one of our region’s most remarkable urban greenway, connecting most parts of Ashland City along the Cumberland River……. One of the best key support systems is our region’s “Natural Infrastructure”. This is an integrated network of protected land and water that supports native species, maintains natural ecological processes, sustains air and water resources, and contributes to the health and quality of life for our region’s residents and communities…….. Linking and protecting our region’s important open lands through planning for the natural infrastructure will ensure that our region keeps an appropriate amount and balance of land, water, and natural resources to sustain us now and in the future……
Page 92 Images: Metro Courthouse Square……one of our region’s largest and most beautiful green roof structure and a typical residential rain garden… Currently more and more information exists to help us build and develop in ways that do not cause as much harm or cost to our environment….Innovative communities and companies are using new approached to create sustainable facilities and communities… Some of the more popular methods are listed on this slide……with more innovative methods and materials being created every day….
See narrative in training manual for further details and background. Land and historic preservation initiative to protect the fragile rural resources of northwest Maury, southwest Williamson, and northeast Hickman Counties. Region is home to small upland farms, historic homes and hamlets, and ecologically rich waterways. Region affected by development pressures from nearby Columbia, Spring Hill, and Franklin. In 2005, concerned landowners approached the Land Trust and raised funds to help formulate a plan for protecting some of the region’s rich assets on a community-wide scale. The first phase of the project involved a year-long inventory study that documented the natural, cultural, historic, and agricultural resources in the region. The inventory staff interviewed residents, surveyed historically important sites and structures, and documented important natural and agricultural resources. Community meetings were held to present the work and explain different land conservation and historic preservation tools local residents can utilize to protect these resources. Project generating a great deal of enthusiasm for land conservation and historic preservation in the community. Inventory highlighted the Duck River Highlands’ many assets, and helped foster a greater appreciation for the region’s scenic landscapes and unique history. The Land Trust for Tennessee is now working directly with the individual landowners and families who gained interest in permanent conservation from the inventory project.
Quality Growth Toolbox Conservation
QUALITY GROWTH TOOLBOX
Conserving Our Region’s Land, Water, Cultural and Natural Resources
<ul><li>Our unique natural surroundings and features not only define the character of the Cumberland Region, they also distinguish it from other places </li></ul>
<ul><li>Plan for Natural Infrastructure </li></ul><ul><li>Identify and Establish Land, Water, Natural and Cultural Resource Priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Integrate Priorities Into Community and Regional Plans </li></ul><ul><li>Use Existing Resources for Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Increase Flexibility of Regulations to Allow Conservation and Low Impact Development </li></ul><ul><li>Prevent Unsafe Development </li></ul>Wilson County Toolbox pg. 88
<ul><li>Preserve Historical and Cultural Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Use Incentives to Promote Conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Preserve Water Resources </li></ul><ul><li>Protect Critical Habitat </li></ul><ul><li>Keep Agriculture Viable </li></ul><ul><li>Link and Connect Corridors of Public and Private Open Space </li></ul><ul><li>Use Sustainable Building and Development Strategies </li></ul>Toolbox pg. 90
Plan for Natural Infrastructure Toolbox pg. 93 Identify and Establish Land, Water, Natural and Cultural Resource Priorities Integrate Priorities into Community and Regional Plans <ul><li>Use regional / community plans for resource conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Inventory and assess natural resources </li></ul><ul><li>Identify conservation priorities and integrate into plans </li></ul><ul><li>Develop Priority Funding Areas (PFA) for infrastructure investments </li></ul>
<ul><li>Use existing tools and programs </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Conservation and protective easements </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Development rights approaches </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Public programs for communities and property owners </li></ul></ul>Use Existing Resources for Conservation Toolbox pg. 95
<ul><li>Update planning and zoning to allow quality conservation and low impact development </li></ul><ul><li>Design to Conserve Resources </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Adopt regulations encouraging Low-Impact Development (LID) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Green arterial road systems </li></ul></ul>Increase Flexibility of Regulations to Allow Conservation and Low Impact Development Toolbox pg. 103
<ul><li>Regulatory streamlining </li></ul><ul><li>Density bonus </li></ul><ul><li>Conservation development </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Allow density distribution within an individual property to protect important land and natural resources </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Low Impact Development </li></ul>Use Incentives to Promote Conservation Toolbox pg. 106
<ul><li>Use pertinent information about rural historic, cultural heritage, and agricultural districts in planning and design to improve conservation </li></ul><ul><li>Context Sensitive Solutions </li></ul><ul><li>Green arterial road systems </li></ul><ul><li>Patterning vernacular architecture </li></ul><ul><li>Rural historic, cultural heritage and agricultural districts </li></ul>Preserve Historical and Cultural Resources Toolbox pg. 108
<ul><li>Reduce storm water impacts </li></ul><ul><li>Limit amount of impervious surfaces created by new development </li></ul><ul><li>Adopt new techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Establish negative vegetation </li></ul>Preserve Water Resources Toolbox pg. 109
<ul><li>Develop and employ proactive land conservation efforts and water management practices </li></ul>Protect Critical Habitat Toolbox pg. 97
Keep Agriculture Viable Toolbox pg. 110 <ul><li>Farm-related business </li></ul><ul><li>Business to supplement farm income </li></ul><ul><li>Agricultural economic development assessments </li></ul><ul><li>Agri-tourism </li></ul><ul><li>“ Farmers Markets” and community supported agriculture </li></ul>
<ul><li>Plan for natural infrastructure by connecting open lands, riparian areas, and natural resource corridors </li></ul>Link and Connect Corridors of Public and Private Open Space Toolbox pg. 92
<ul><li>LEED certified building design </li></ul><ul><li>Energy audits </li></ul><ul><li>Renewable energy sources </li></ul><ul><li>Infiltration practices </li></ul>Use Sustainable Building and Development Strategies Toolbox pg. 92
<ul><li>Broad land and historic preservation initiative to protect fragile rural resources of north west Maury County </li></ul><ul><li>Initiated by local citizens and facilitated by The Land Trust for Tennessee </li></ul><ul><li>Partners include CRT, THC, TNC, TWRA and NPS </li></ul><ul><li>Community meetings: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Increased understanding of resources </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Develop options to help landowners conserve </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Phases: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>1) Inventory natural, cultural, historic and agricultural resources in the region </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>2) Strategic conservation efforts by the Land Trust for Tennessee and future county-wide comprehensive planning </li></ul></ul>Example: The Duck River Highlands Land Use Resource Study – An Excellent Example of Creating Resources for Planning for Open Space Conservation