Introduction All children have different ways oflearning called learning styles. The threemain learning styles are auditory, visual,and bodily-kinesthetic. Teachers mustconnect with students through theseindividual learning styles. When theyincorporate different learning styles in theirinstruction, teachers can significantlyenhance student learning.
Auditory Learners Auditory learners enjoy talking and listening. Information becomes real to them through discussions (Sprenger, 2005). They remember what they hear more clearly than what they see or feel (Sprenger, 2005). These learners interpret the essential meaning of speech by listening to tone of voice, pitch, and speed (Learning Styles, n.d.).
Auditory Learners The auditory learning style is most closely related to Verbal/Linguistic Intelligence. • Verbal intelligence involves the mastery of language (Nolen, 2003).It is also related toMusical/Rhythmic andInterpersonal intelligences.
Auditory Learners: Think in words Frequently learn by reading or writing Tend to become teachers, journalists, writers, translators Are great storytellers and joke tellers Are able to use words with clarity Are great at explaining Follow oral directions well Enjoy music
Ways Teachers Can Help Auditory Learners Regulate tone of voice, inflection, and body language when teaching so students will stay focused and attentive (Farwell, 2011). Let students use self-talk as they work through things. Integrate music into the curriculum as much as possible. Use songs, melodies, rhythms, and beats to teach skills. Encourage children to whisper read when they read independently. Have students participate in small or large group discussions before they work independently (Hutton, 2011).
Auditory learners would benefit fromactivities such as: Discussions Debates Read alouds Listening to books on tape Reading a text aloud Lectures Making speeches and presentations Using a tape recorder during lectures Creating songs to help remember things (Learning Styles, n.d.)
Literacy Coaches can:• Provide staff development for teachers on the auditory learning style and how to incorporate it into daily instruction.• Demonstrate lessons that are designed for auditory learners.• Guide teachers to use appropriate strategies to reach auditory learners ~ discussions, debates, etc.• Encourage teachers to share teaching Role of the literacy coach in maximizing student achievement strategies that have worked well with auditory learners.• Start a book club with auditory learners and meet weekly to discuss the book.
Visual Learners• Visual learners are those that learn best through seeing them (Fleming 2011).• The individual process information in pictures rather than words (Silverman & Freed, 1996).
A visual learner: Needs quiet study time Likes color/dreams in color Understands and likes charts (Fleming, 2011) Make vivid images of movies in their mind Pay attention to body language like facial expressions Can easily remember size, shape, color, or texture.
Visual students would benefit fromactivities such as:Activities that include maps, videos, models, puzzles,matching activities, graphs, computers, and wordsearches Write down and highlight informationUsing pictures or drawing to express understanding ofcontentUse visuals to teach lessons, including pictures,graphics, images, charts, outlines, story maps anddiagrams
Literacy Coaches can: Videotape strategies that teachers are effectively practicing in their classrooms. This can produce compelling evidence of best practices (Blachowicz, Obrochta & Fogelberg, 2005). Can also encourage teachers to videotape their own instruction and then review it in private to reflect on their instruction. Use visuals in her presentations as well to model teachers the importance of these. Provide charts that show on how visuals is fundamental to students with limited background knowledge and to English Language Learners.
Bodily Kinesthetic Learners Bodily kinesthetic learners have the ability to understand and solve problems in the world through body or parts of the body( Armstrong, 2000). Kinesthesis is the dimensions to act gracefully and to capture directly the actions or the vibrant abilities of other people or objects ( Armstrong, 2000).
A bodily kinesthetic learner: Ability to manipulate objects to learn. Carry out delicate movements using precise control such as dancers and athletes. Can not sit still for long periods of time. Enjoy keeping their hands busy.
Bodily Kinesthetic students wouldbenefit from activities such as:
Literacy Coaches can: Help the teacher come up with ways to increase kinesthetic learning opportunities. Support literacy through visual and spatial representations – such as storyboards, drawing, acting (King & Gurian, 2006). Co-teach with the teacher to help them get comfortable with these types of activities.
ConclusionLiteracy Coaches are vital topromote instruction thatconvey the three learningstyles. It is throughcurriculum development,modeling instruction anddirect instruction that thelearning styles can beimplemented. Literacycoaches and teachers mustwork in partnership. This isessential in order to meetour students needs.
ReferencesArmstrong, T. (2000). Multiple Intelligences in the classroom. Association for Supervision & Curriculum Development located in the GCU e Library at http://site.ebrary.com/lib/grandcanyon/Doc?id=10044795&ppg=63Blachowicz, C., Obrochta, C., & Fogelberg, E. (2005). Literacy Coaching For Change. Retrieved March 7, 2011, from http://www.uncwil.edu/cte/events/fall05/MidCourseCorrections/literacy%20change.pdfFarwell, T. (2011). Visual, auditory, kinesthetic learners. Retrieved March 8, 2011, from http://school.familyeducation.com/intelligence/teaching-methods/38519.htmlHutton, S. (2011). Helping Auditory Learners Succeed. Retrieved March 7, 2011, from http://www.education.com/magazine/article/auditory_learners/Hutton, S. (2011). Helping Visual Learners Succeed. Retrieved March 7, 2011, from http://www.education.com/magazine/article/Helping_Visual_LearnersFleming, G. (2011). Visual Learning: Learners Who Understand by Seeing. Retrieved March 6, 2011, from http://homeworktips.about.com/od/homeworkhelp/a/visual.htmKing, K. & Gurian, M. (2006). Teaching to the minds of boys. Retrieved March 8, 2011 from http://www.floridaliteracycoaches.org/Toolbox/professional_readings/teaching_to_the_minds_of_boys.pdfLearning styles explained. (n.d.). Retrieved March 7, 2011, from http://www.ldpride.net/learningstyles.MI.htm#Learning %20Styles%20ExplainedLogsdon, Amy. (2011). Bodily Kinesthetic Learning Style - Understanding Bodily Kinesthetic Learner. Retrieved March 7, 2011, from http://learningdisabilities.about.com/od/resourcesresearch/qt/Bodily_kinesthe.htmNolen, J. L. (2003). MULTIPLE INTELLIGENCES IN THE CLASSROOM. Education, 124(1), 115-119. Retrieved from EBSCOhost.Silverman, L., Freed, J. (1996). The Visual Spatial Learner. Retrieved March 6, 2011, from http://www.dyslexia.com/library/silver1.htmSprenger, M. (2005). How to teach so students remember. Alexandria, VA: ASCD.