Fall of Rome and the Middle Ages
 The Roman Empire was perhaps the most powerful Empire  in the history of the world. It controlled almost all of  Europe,...
 When Rome falls, most of Europe is Christian but has  no leadership. Church becomes extremely powerful  (educated, orga...
 Lord granted Vassels (pieces of Land and the peasants  who lived there) to Warrior Knights in exchange for  loyalty, mil...
 Primogeniture – land passed from father to oldest    son, kept land intact, never split up   Knights and Primogeniture ...
 Europe weakened by constant warfare (100 years war    between England and France)   Longbow allowed soldiers to kill kn...
 http://www.waycross.edu/faculty/selby/h2111/feudalis m.jpg
Pre-1500 Background
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Pre-1500 Background

412 views

Published on

Published in: Education
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
412
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
8
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
4
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Pre-1500 Background

  1. 1. Fall of Rome and the Middle Ages
  2. 2.  The Roman Empire was perhaps the most powerful Empire in the history of the world. It controlled almost all of Europe, Britain and Parts of Africa and Asia Rome ruled its empire with an iron fist (brutal), and had the most advanced and well trained army in the world. As Rome conquered more territory, it spread Christianity. However, Rome got too big and was forced to fight too many wars in too many places. By 500 AD, the Roman Empire is gone.
  3. 3.  When Rome falls, most of Europe is Christian but has no leadership. Church becomes extremely powerful (educated, organized, only institution left, people gather around the church and become dependent on it) Disorder for years with wars, invasion and sons splitting Kingdoms Order restored with Feudalism
  4. 4.  Lord granted Vassels (pieces of Land and the peasants who lived there) to Warrior Knights in exchange for loyalty, military protection A Knight was an Armored warrior, who dominated the battlefield (like tanks on horseback), very expensive to have armor, horses and weapons, very hard to equip and train a Knight (that’s why Knights were so important) Knights had very specific code of behavior called chivalry A peasant worked the land (farmer) and belonged to the Vassel
  5. 5.  Primogeniture – land passed from father to oldest son, kept land intact, never split up Knights and Primogeniture made things very stable, feudalism lasted almost 1000 years Logic and Reason took a backseat to faith and superstition Trail by Ordeal or Trail by Combat for serious crimes Advances in Farming with the invention of the 3 field system, and new technology
  6. 6.  Europe weakened by constant warfare (100 years war between England and France) Longbow allowed soldiers to kill knights at long ranges Gunpowder allowed the creation of Cannons that could destroy Castles Powerful Kings and Countries developed because Kings could build Armies without Knights Church grew weaker through infighting, tried to keep control through the Inquisition Ancient knowledge that was suppressed by the church was discovered in Spain in former Muslim land
  7. 7.  http://www.waycross.edu/faculty/selby/h2111/feudalis m.jpg

×