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Origins of language

Exercise to go through the origins of language during the Stone Age.

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Origins of language

  2. 2. VOICE BOX Your voice box cannot be fossilized but the hyoid bone at the back of the tongue can be found. Neanderthal skeleton has the same bone (60,000 years ago). Archeologists found no difference between their bone and ours. They think the Neanderthal could speak but maybe at a basic level. Some believe that Stone Age humans had some way to talk to each other. This would have allowed people to work more closely together and share culture/knowledge.
  3. 3. HOW DID LANGUAGE START? What ways can we communicate without using words? Sounds/Tones Hand Gestures Body Language Facial Expressions Simple words to develop things, do not develop conjunctions/adjectives
  4. 4. LANGUAGE EXERCISE Come up with 5 key words for the situation given to your group. Develop a sound for them and use the other means of communication to tell your message. Communicate them to the class. What challenges did you have? What challenges would there have been between different groups during the Stone Age? What do you notice about language today?  Differences/similarities?
  5. 5. LANGUAGE Many words are shared by various languages throughout the world. Most are surrounded around the conditions and environment of early people.  Snow, winter, bear, horse, dog, and snake are all words found to be common in Indo-European languages.  On the other hand there are no common words for elephant, camel, bamboo, tiger, etc. We might think of these languages as tribes who moved away from the main original family and set up home in different parts of Europe.
  6. 6. LANGUAGE Some languages are related  Does not mean that you can understand each other, but they will have some words in common. Modern English: combines French and Old English (Latin and Scandinavian) making it both Italic and Germanic. English is a „mongrel‟ language because it continues to adapt, other languages try to keep out foreign influences
  7. 7. INDO-EURO LANGUAGE CLASSIFICATIONS Germanic: Low German, Old Norse, Anglo-Saxon, Old English, Frisian, Flemish, Dutch, German, Icelandic, Norwegian, Swedish, Danish Celtic: Breton, Manx, Scots Gaelic, Irish Gaelic, Welsh Italic: Latin, Romanian, French, Portuguese, Spanish, Italian Hellenic: Classic/Modern Greek Balto-Slavonic: Lithuanian, Russian, Serbo-Croat, Polish, Czech Indo-Iranian: Hindi, Punjabi, Bengali, Romany, Sanskrit
  8. 8. THE SALMON Salmon was a plentiful/nourishing source All along rivers going from Baltic to North Atlantic It still lives in Russia, Scandanavia and Baltic areas and is known as “laks”  Celtic people don‟t use that phrase, branched off and gave a new name replacing the original English word for salmon derives from the Latin word for „leap‟ Spanish use “salmon” where the Portuguese use “salmao” The word “lax” or “leax” does appear before 1300 in Old English but “salmond” appears in 1488 It has fallen out of use in Greece (no salmon) but the Turks use the word to refer to „fish‟ in general