VOICE BOX Your voice box cannot be fossilized but the hyoid bone at the back of the tongue can be found. Neanderthal skeleton has the same bone (60,000 years ago). Archeologists found no difference between their bone and ours. They think the Neanderthal could speak but maybe at a basic level. Some believe that Stone Age humans had some way to talk to each other. This would have allowed people to work more closely together and share culture/knowledge.
HOW DID LANGUAGE START? What ways can we communicate without using words? Sounds/Tones Hand Gestures Body Language Facial Expressions Simple words to develop things, do not develop conjunctions/adjectives
LANGUAGE EXERCISE Come up with 5 key words for the situation given to your group. Develop a sound for them and use the other means of communication to tell your message. Communicate them to the class. What challenges did you have? What challenges would there have been between different groups during the Stone Age? What do you notice about language today? Differences/similarities?
LANGUAGE Many words are shared by various languages throughout the world. Most are surrounded around the conditions and environment of early people. Snow, winter, bear, horse, dog, and snake are all words found to be common in Indo-European languages. On the other hand there are no common words for elephant, camel, bamboo, tiger, etc. We might think of these languages as tribes who moved away from the main original family and set up home in different parts of Europe.
LANGUAGE Some languages are related Does not mean that you can understand each other, but they will have some words in common. Modern English: combines French and Old English (Latin and Scandinavian) making it both Italic and Germanic. English is a „mongrel‟ language because it continues to adapt, other languages try to keep out foreign influences
THE SALMON Salmon was a plentiful/nourishing source All along rivers going from Baltic to North Atlantic It still lives in Russia, Scandanavia and Baltic areas and is known as “laks” Celtic people don‟t use that phrase, branched off and gave a new name replacing the original English word for salmon derives from the Latin word for „leap‟ Spanish use “salmon” where the Portuguese use “salmao” The word “lax” or “leax” does appear before 1300 in Old English but “salmond” appears in 1488 It has fallen out of use in Greece (no salmon) but the Turks use the word to refer to „fish‟ in general