Canada and the Italian Campaign in WWII

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Canada's contribution to the Italian Campaign in WWII

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Canada and the Italian Campaign in WWII

  1. 1. Italian Campaign 1943-1945: 100,000 plus Canadians served in Italy
  2. 2. Background Information  Stalin is pressuring the allies to take some pressure off the Red army  North Africa has been taken by the allies  Hitler has made defenses all across the coast of Europe calling it his “Fortress Europe”
  3. 3. Sicily    With north Africa conquered, the allies set their sights on Europe Allied forces needed a place to launch an assault on main land Italy They wanted to knock Italy out of the war.
  4. 4. The Battle for Sicily July 1943     Amphibious assault  2,590 vessels Over half a million allied soldiers participated in the attack 38 days to capture Sicily
  5. 5. Canadians    Canadians fought fiercely through bad conditions Terrain was terrible, supplies had to be delivered by donkeys Roads were full of land mines, axis army's held the high ground
  6. 6. •Germans were pushed back to Mt. Etna •Canadians were called upon to break the line.
  7. 7. Fall of Mussolini      Mussolini was the leader of Italy He was replaced on Sept. 3rd 1943 The government promptly surrendered taking Italy out of the war Germans took control of Italy's defense Softening up defenses throughout the rest of the German controlled territories
  8. 8. Attack on the mainland    September 3rd the attack on Mainland Italy began. Easy going for the Canadians at the start Germany withdrew its troops in order to create a defensive line.
  9. 9. The Italian Campaign
  10. 10. Ortona & Monte Cassino Video  Take notes on why each battle was fought and what the fighting was like.  Pt 1 – start @ 6:30 – http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=ESejMMbbK8g  Pt 2 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FAsNJc02icY  Pt 3 – end @ 2:20 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=QgdIhxV7d8M 
  11. 11. Ortona-December 1943  Violent street fighting  Tanks could not be used as the streets were too narrow and tanks were vulnerable  Canadians became experts at “mouseholing” which was their method of street fighting  Training manuals were written about how the Canadians fought during Ortona
  12. 12. Pictures
  13. 13. German under fire in Ortona Germans Defending a Street Tanks Attack Ortona Canadian Infantry in Ortona
  14. 14. Mussolini, after being killed he was hung at a gas station along with 15 other leading fascists. People were allowed to desecrate his body in order to take out their frustrations with his rule.
  15. 15. Rome-June 1944     After much heavy fighting allied forces liberated Rome. They were welcomed with cheers Canadians fought in Italy until February 1945 Fighting in Italy continued until May
  16. 16. Casualties  About 6,000 Canadians died  Over 25,000 were wounded  That means that ¼ of the men were either injured or killed
  17. 17. Question  Why do you think the Canadians who fought in Italy are called ‘The Forgotten Army?’
  18. 18. Sources       http://www.ushmm.org/lcmedia/map/lc/image/eur72160.g if http://www.bcc.cuny.edu/history/His10/Course/1942map. jpe http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/72-16/72-16.htm http://www.history.army.mil/brochures/naples/map1.jpg http://www.canadianencyclopedia.ca/index.cfm? PgNm=ArchivedFeatures&Params=A2119 http://wwii.ca/content-24/world-war-ii/the-italiancampaign/

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