HIS IMPACT ON AMERICA             JFK’S HISTORYLead up to his Assassination
KENNEDY AND THE COLD WAR• He promised to “get     Senator Kennedy,                                1958  America moving aga...
REPUBLICAN OPPONENT:         RICHARD NIXON• The Republicans  nominated Richard  Nixon, Ike’s Vice-  President• The candida...
TELEVISED DEBATE AFFECTS                 VOTE• On September 26, 1960, Kennedy and Nixon took part in the  first televised ...
JFK: CONFIDENT, AT EASE           DURING DEBATES• Television had become  so central to peoples  lives that many observers ...
JFK’S OTHER EDGE: CIVIL RIGHTS                                    • A major part of the                                   ...
JFK, NIXON REACT DIFFERENTLY           TO KING ARREST• While the Eisenhower  Administration refused  to intervene, JFK  ph...
KENNEDY WINS CLOSE ELECTION
CLOSEST ELECTION SINCE 1884• Kennedy won the  election by fewer than  119,000 votes• Nixon dominated the  west, while Kenn...
“ASK NOT . . .”                                     In his   inaugural                                     address,      J...
THE KENNEDY MYSTIQUE          • The first family            fascinated the            American public          • Jackie ca...
FOCUS ON THE                       COLD WAR• From the beginning of  his term in early 1961,  JFK focused on the  Cold War ...
CRISIS OVER CUBA• Bay of Pigs disaster• Cuban Missile Crisis• Relations between the U.S. and Cuba are still damaged
THE NEW FRONTIER             • Kennedy initiated               his vision in a               program he called            ...
THE PEACE                                CORPS• One of the first programs  launched by JFK was the  Peace Corps• The Peace...
RACE TO THE  MOON• On April 12, 1961,  Soviet cosmonaut Yuri  Gagarin became the  first human in space• Meanwhile, America...
A MAN ON                Armstrong                THE MOON• Finally, on July 20, 1969,  the U.S. would achieve its  goal   ...
KENNEDY ADDRESSES INNER       CITY BLIGHT AND RACISM• In 1963, Kennedy called for “a national assault on the causes of  po...
TRAGEDY IN DALLAS• On a sunny day on November 22,1963, Air Force  One landed in Dallas with JFK and Jackie• JFK received w...
• As the motorcadeJFK SHOT     approached the Texas             Book Depository, shots             rang out           • JF...
NEWS COVERAGE• The following is a documentary compiling news  coverage of the event and after.• Here is how America and th...
LYNDON BAINES JOHNSON BECOMES            PRESIDENT• The Vice-President,  Lyndon Baines  Johnson, became  President after J...
JFK LAID TO REST                                  • All work stopped for                                    Kennedy’s fune...
LEE HARVEY OSWALD    CHARGED; SHOT TO DEATH• A 24-year-old Marine  with a suspicious past  left a palm print on the  rifle...
NEWS COVERAGE• Oswald in custody: 0:54:00• Watch as Ruby kills Oswald in custody: 1:18:54
UNANSWERED QUESTIONS         • The bizarre chain of events           led many to believe that           Oswald was part of...
NEWS COVERAGE• Warren Commission: 0:31:00• Conspiracy?: 0:40:00• New Believers: 0:57:00
YOUR JOB• You have learned about the event and seen the  news coverage.• Form into groups of 3-5• Read over “Classified In...
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Brief Overview of JFK

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Borrowed from another PPT, I use this to introduce Kennedy and his legacy before going into the mysteries of his assassination.

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Brief Overview of JFK

  1. 1. HIS IMPACT ON AMERICA JFK’S HISTORYLead up to his Assassination
  2. 2. KENNEDY AND THE COLD WAR• He promised to “get Senator Kennedy, 1958 America moving again”• Kennedy had a well- organized campaign and was handsome and charismatic
  3. 3. REPUBLICAN OPPONENT: RICHARD NIXON• The Republicans nominated Richard Nixon, Ike’s Vice- President• The candidates agreed on many domestic and foreign Nixon hoped to ride the policy issues coattails of the popular President• Two factors helped put Kennedy over the top: T.V. and Civil Rights
  4. 4. TELEVISED DEBATE AFFECTS VOTE• On September 26, 1960, Kennedy and Nixon took part in the first televised debate between presidential candidates• Kennedy looked and spoke better than Nixon• Journalist Russell Baker said, “That night, image replaced the printed word as the national language of politics”
  5. 5. JFK: CONFIDENT, AT EASE DURING DEBATES• Television had become so central to peoples lives that many observers blamed Nixons loss to John F. Kennedy on his poor appearance in the televised presidential debates• JFK looked cool, collected, presidential• Nixon, according to one observer, resembled a "sinister chipmunk"
  6. 6. JFK’S OTHER EDGE: CIVIL RIGHTS • A major part of the campaign took place in October, 1960 • Police arrested Martin Luther King for conducting a “Sit-In” at a lunch counter inSit-Ins were non-violent protests Georgia over the policy of whites-only lunch counters in the South • King was sentenced to hard labor
  7. 7. JFK, NIXON REACT DIFFERENTLY TO KING ARREST• While the Eisenhower Administration refused to intervene, JFK phoned King’s wife and his brother, Robert Kennedy, worked for King’s release• The incident captured the attention of the African-American community, whose King Kennedy votes JFK would carry in key states
  8. 8. KENNEDY WINS CLOSE ELECTION
  9. 9. CLOSEST ELECTION SINCE 1884• Kennedy won the election by fewer than 119,000 votes• Nixon dominated the west, while Kennedy won the south and the east coast RMN JFK
  10. 10. “ASK NOT . . .” In his inaugural address, JFK uttered this famous challenge: “Ask not what your country can do for you --- ask what you can do for your country”Delivered Friday, January 20, 1961
  11. 11. THE KENNEDY MYSTIQUE • The first family fascinated the American public • Jackie captivated the nation with her eye for fashion and culture
  12. 12. FOCUS ON THE COLD WAR• From the beginning of his term in early 1961, JFK focused on the Cold War (Soviet relations)• JFK tripled America’s nuclear capability, increased troops, ships and artillery, and created the Green Berets (Special Forces)
  13. 13. CRISIS OVER CUBA• Bay of Pigs disaster• Cuban Missile Crisis• Relations between the U.S. and Cuba are still damaged
  14. 14. THE NEW FRONTIER • Kennedy initiated his vision in a program he called “The New Frontier” • The economy, education, medical care for the elderly and the poor, and space exploration were all part of his vision
  15. 15. THE PEACE CORPS• One of the first programs launched by JFK was the Peace Corps• The Peace Corps is a volunteer program to assist developing nations in Asia, Africa and Latin America• The Peace Corps has become a huge success
  16. 16. RACE TO THE MOON• On April 12, 1961, Soviet cosmonaut Yuri Gagarin became the first human in space• Meanwhile, America’s space agency (NASA) began construction on new launch facilities in Cape Canaveral, Florida and a mission control center in Houston, Texas
  17. 17. A MAN ON Armstrong THE MOON• Finally, on July 20, 1969, the U.S. would achieve its goal “One small step for man, one giant leap for mankind”• An excited nation watched as U.S. astronaut Neil Armstrong took the first steps on the moon• Space and defense- related industries sprang up in Southern and Western states
  18. 18. KENNEDY ADDRESSES INNER CITY BLIGHT AND RACISM• In 1963, Kennedy called for “a national assault on the causes of poverty”• He also ordered his brother, Attorney General Robert Kennedy to investigate racial injustice in the South• Finally, he presented Congress with a sweeping civil rights bill and a sweeping tax cut bill to spur the economy
  19. 19. TRAGEDY IN DALLAS• On a sunny day on November 22,1963, Air Force One landed in Dallas with JFK and Jackie• JFK received warm applause from the crowd that lined the downtown streets of Dallas as he rode in the back seat of an open-air limousine
  20. 20. • As the motorcadeJFK SHOT approached the Texas Book Depository, shots rang out • JFK was shot in the neck and then the head • His car was rushed to a nearby hospital where doctors frantically tried to revive him • President Kennedy was dead (11/22/63)
  21. 21. NEWS COVERAGE• The following is a documentary compiling news coverage of the event and after.• Here is how America and the rest of the world lived through the traumatic events.• The shooting: 0:19:00 – 0:40:00• Zapruder Footage: video• Further analysis: video
  22. 22. LYNDON BAINES JOHNSON BECOMES PRESIDENT• The Vice-President, Lyndon Baines Johnson, became President after JFK was assassinated• The nation mourned the death of the young president while Jackie Kennedy A somber LBJ takes the oath remained calm and of office aboard Air Force One poised with the Jackie next to him
  23. 23. JFK LAID TO REST • All work stopped for Kennedy’s funeral as America mourned its fallen leader • The assassination and the televised funeral became historic events • Like 9-11, Americans can recall where they were when they heardThree-year old John Kennedy the news of theJr. salutes his father’s coffin President’s death during the funeral
  24. 24. LEE HARVEY OSWALD CHARGED; SHOT TO DEATH• A 24-year-old Marine with a suspicious past left a palm print on the rifle used to kill JFK• He was charged and as a national television audience watched his transfer from one jail to another, nightclub owner Jack Ruby broke through the crowd and shot Jack Ruby, right, shoots Oswald, center, Oswald to death to death 11/24/63
  25. 25. NEWS COVERAGE• Oswald in custody: 0:54:00• Watch as Ruby kills Oswald in custody: 1:18:54
  26. 26. UNANSWERED QUESTIONS • The bizarre chain of events led many to believe that Oswald was part of a conspiracy • The Warren Commission investigated the assassination and determined that Oswald had indeed acted alone • Recent filmmaker Oliver Stone isn’t so sure – his film, “JFK,” is filled with conspiracy theories
  27. 27. NEWS COVERAGE• Warren Commission: 0:31:00• Conspiracy?: 0:40:00• New Believers: 0:57:00
  28. 28. YOUR JOB• You have learned about the event and seen the news coverage.• Form into groups of 3-5• Read over “Classified Information” folders• Discuss all the theories together• Write a 1-2 page report analysing the facts you have accumulated and tell me what YOU think really happened! • You can talk also discuss why you feel other theories are not true.• Due Thursday

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