Photography 101
Basics of hardware
http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wWxo6Dl3E14
Types of digital cameras
• Webcams/phone cams
• Point and shoot
• Intermediate
• Advanced Consumer
• Prosumer dSLR
• Profe...
Camera lenses
• Wideangle
zoom
• Standard
• Superzoom
• Telephoto
zoom
• Macro
• Fisheye
Wideangle zoom lens
A wideangle digital camera lens typically covers
a focal range from around 12-24mm or 16-
35mm, and al...
Standard lens
The standard digital camera lens offers a focal
length of around 50mm, which translates to
around 75mm on ma...
Superzoom lens
Superzoom digital camera lenses are a popular
choice for keeping on your camera, as they span
a wide focal ...
Telephoto zoom lens
A telephoto digital camera lens gets you closer
to the action, and so is ideal for sports and
wildlife...
Macro lens
Macro lenses can focus closer to your subject
than a conventional lens allows, which allow you
to capture plent...
Fisheye lenses
Fisheye lenses offer an exceptionally wide angle
of view but are purposefully distorted to create
the ‘fish...
Pixels
• What are pixels? The word "pixel" means a picture
element. Every photograph, in digital form, is made up
of pixel...
For more information, visit http://www.ultimate-
photo-tips.com/what-is-a-pixel.html
Terminology
• F-NUMBERS: A series of numbers designating the
apertures, or openings at which a lens is set. The
higher the...
Setting the Right F-Stop for Your
Digital Photo
• Use an almost-wide-open f-stop to boost
sharpness.
• Adjust your depth o...
• A prefix on film speed ratings that stands for
International Standards Organization, the
group that standardizes, among ...
DSLR Basics
http://www.digitalslrphoto.com/dslrbasics/
What makes a good
photograph?
Composition
• Rule of Thirds
– The rule of thirds is the simplest rule of
composition. All you do is take your frame and
o...
Perspective
• Photographing your subject straight-on is
sometimes the right choice, but you can
create visual impact by mo...
Light
• Manual settings
• Natural light
• Indoor lighting
• Consider all options!
FOCUS
• Auto focus
• Focus Points
http://photographylife.com/dslr-autofocus-modes-explained
Location
• Indoor
• Outdoor
• Landscape mode?
• Portrait mode?
• “Frame” the image
Size of subjects
• Consider settings
• Lens type
• Tiny?
• Giant?
Considerations
• Skin tones
• Hair and makeup
• Eyeglasses/sunglasses
• Other details?
Uploading and
Emailing Images
Tagging and Descriptions
• Tags are “Subject headings” (flickr)
• Tagging someone (Facebook) - considerations
• Image desc...
Emailing images
• Consider image size
• Make a call to confirm
• Only send 2-3 images per
email
• Best option: upload to s...
Thank you!
• Dr. Curtis R. Rogers
• Communications
Director
• 803-734-8928
• crogers@statelibrary.sc.gov
• Pamela Hoppock
...
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Photography 101 basics
Upcoming SlideShare
Loading in …5
×

Photography 101 basics

606 views

Published on

Published in: Education, Art & Photos, Business
0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
606
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
22
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Photography 101 basics

  1. 1. Photography 101 Basics of hardware
  2. 2. http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=wWxo6Dl3E14
  3. 3. Types of digital cameras • Webcams/phone cams • Point and shoot • Intermediate • Advanced Consumer • Prosumer dSLR • Professional dSLR
  4. 4. Camera lenses • Wideangle zoom • Standard • Superzoom • Telephoto zoom • Macro • Fisheye
  5. 5. Wideangle zoom lens A wideangle digital camera lens typically covers a focal range from around 12-24mm or 16- 35mm, and allows you to fit landscape scenes, architecture or anything else where you need a wide angle of view.
  6. 6. Standard lens The standard digital camera lens offers a focal length of around 50mm, which translates to around 75mm on many DSLRs. As such, a 50mm camera lens lends itself perfectly to portraiture, particularly as such lenses often offer wide maximum apertures to create shallow depth of field.
  7. 7. Superzoom lens Superzoom digital camera lenses are a popular choice for keeping on your camera, as they span a wide focal range, from wideangle right through to telephoto. Typically this will begin at around 28mm and culminate at close to 270 or 300mm.
  8. 8. Telephoto zoom lens A telephoto digital camera lens gets you closer to the action, and so is ideal for sports and wildlife where you may need to keep your distance. These can either been prime or zoom lenses, and usually cover a focal range of between 100mm to 400mm.
  9. 9. Macro lens Macro lenses can focus closer to your subject than a conventional lens allows, which allow you to capture plenty of intricate details.
  10. 10. Fisheye lenses Fisheye lenses offer an exceptionally wide angle of view but are purposefully distorted to create the ‘fisheye’ effect. They come in two different varieties: full-frame and circular, which respectively capture an image to fill the whole frame and a circular image contained within the frame.
  11. 11. Pixels • What are pixels? The word "pixel" means a picture element. Every photograph, in digital form, is made up of pixels. They are the smallest unit of information that makes up a picture. Usually round or square, they are typically arranged in a 2-dimensional grid. • In the next image, one portion has been magnified many times over so that you can see its individual composition in pixels. As you can see, the pixels approximate the actual image. The more pixels you have, the more closely the image resembles the original.
  12. 12. For more information, visit http://www.ultimate- photo-tips.com/what-is-a-pixel.html
  13. 13. Terminology • F-NUMBERS: A series of numbers designating the apertures, or openings at which a lens is set. The higher the number, the narrower the aperture. For example, f/16 is narrower (by one stop) than f/11--it lets in half as much light. An f-number range might be f/2.8, f/4, f/5.6, f/8, f/11...To find the next aperture in a narrowing series, multiply by 1.4. F-numbers are arrived at by dividing the diameter of the opening into the focal length of the lens, thus a 10mm diameter opening on a 110mm lens is f/11. Alternately used with f-stops.
  14. 14. Setting the Right F-Stop for Your Digital Photo • Use an almost-wide-open f-stop to boost sharpness. • Adjust your depth of field by moving f-stops. • Avoid too-small f-stops.
  15. 15. • A prefix on film speed ratings that stands for International Standards Organization, the group that standardizes, among other things, the figures that define the relative speed of films.
  16. 16. DSLR Basics http://www.digitalslrphoto.com/dslrbasics/
  17. 17. What makes a good photograph?
  18. 18. Composition • Rule of Thirds – The rule of thirds is the simplest rule of composition. All you do is take your frame and overlay a grid of nine equal sections. This means you split the vertical space into three parts and the horizontal space into three parts.
  19. 19. Perspective • Photographing your subject straight-on is sometimes the right choice, but you can create visual impact by moving the camera left, right, above, and below.
  20. 20. Light • Manual settings • Natural light • Indoor lighting • Consider all options!
  21. 21. FOCUS • Auto focus • Focus Points http://photographylife.com/dslr-autofocus-modes-explained
  22. 22. Location • Indoor • Outdoor • Landscape mode? • Portrait mode? • “Frame” the image
  23. 23. Size of subjects • Consider settings • Lens type • Tiny? • Giant?
  24. 24. Considerations • Skin tones • Hair and makeup • Eyeglasses/sunglasses • Other details?
  25. 25. Uploading and Emailing Images
  26. 26. Tagging and Descriptions • Tags are “Subject headings” (flickr) • Tagging someone (Facebook) - considerations • Image descriptions, titles, etc.
  27. 27. Emailing images • Consider image size • Make a call to confirm • Only send 2-3 images per email • Best option: upload to site and share URL via email • NOTE: you can share photo albums from Facebook to those not on Facebook!
  28. 28. Thank you! • Dr. Curtis R. Rogers • Communications Director • 803-734-8928 • crogers@statelibrary.sc.gov • Pamela Hoppock • Library Development Consultant • 803-734-8646 • phoppock@statelibrary.sc.gov

×