Shifting from the Occupation of Space to the Mastery of Time

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By Alain Deneef. Presented at Crowdsourcing Week Europe 2016. For more information and details on our next event, visit www.crowdsourcingweek.com.

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  • Age : 82  years, not 2.650.328 kms
    Holiday length: 15 days, not 2527 kms
    Limits : 24 hours in a day, not 37 kms
  • Space in terms of time instead of distance:
    Sign post, indicating destination in minutes, not in kilometers
    Objective :
    journey length can be more or less long, depending on when you travel (work schedule)
    Subjective :
    time can be gained or wasted, depending of the use of it that can be done ( i. e. better if you are not the driver as in public transports, or vehicles without driver)
  • More infrastructure:
    Always more roads, bigger, broader. Ex in Brussels: the ring, the North-South junction, next metro lines, new bike paths. 
    Results : 
    As for the road, more availability generates more user demand
    Struggle between the road and other urban fonctions (play grounds, slow traffic paths, and even houses, shops)
    Competition exists as well between all soft mobility means : tram only lanes, bus and taxi only lanes, bike paths vs pavement (rue de la loi)
  • Absolute need : is when the arrival time is not negotiable (sometimes the departure time too)
    > absolute need can totally or partially disappear : if you work from home, or in shared satellite offices
    Relative need : no time constraint.
    > relative need can find an alternative answer, if you modify your time
    Need or wish ?
    Justified or not : go to the bakery, to school …
  • If the need is non-negotiable, then the demand can still be modulated
    - In its time frame: flexible work schedule
    - In the itinerary: apps, GPS, etc., that tricks the space and allows the use of another route to reduce the journey time
    - using a different mean of transportation : ride your bike, walk
    - opting out as a driver, i.e. : car sharing, public transportation
    Examples :  
    Road user charge affects the need, or, failing, on the demand - Parking : traffic flow management to optimise parking stock
  • ‘The way we run our road system is the last remnant of the stalinist state : we ration demand by queing’
    Feargus O’Sullivan London-based journalist, writer and copywriter, contributing writer to CityLab
  • Time governs spaces, illumines them and makes them links in a constantly expanding chain, with no possibility of return.
    What we need, then, is to give priority to actions which generate new processes in society and engage other persons and groups who can develop them to the point where they bear fruit in significant historical events. Without anxiety, but with clear convictions and tenacity.’
  • Shifting from the Occupation of Space to the Mastery of Time

    1. 1. Business Route 2018 for metropolitan Brussels Crowdsourcing Week Europe, Brussels - November 23, 2016 Shifting from the occupation of space to the mastery of time Alain Deneef, Intendant of Brussels Metropolitan
    2. 2. I. Brussels Metropolitan in a nutshell
    3. 3. Identity Brussels Metropolitan, also called «Business Route 2018 for Metropolitan Brussels», is a common initiative of inter-branch employers organisations, at regional and federal levels, namely BECI, Voka, UWE and the FEB. The association has been created in 2008, as a dialog platform for the 3 regions surrounding Brussels, in order to promote the social and economic development of the metropolitan region, thanks to a better co-operation. The association calls for a mobility shift, an ambitious strategy to revitalize mobility and to re-enforce socio-economic development of the Brussels’ metropolis. • it puts stakeholders around the table, above the linguistic barriers, to create an interregional dialogue, • it proposes solutions, runs 12 projects with a road map, • it raises awareness and informs through lobbying, events and communication. 2008 - 2018
    4. 4. Founding Members and Institutional Partners
    5. 5. Private Partners
    6. 6. II. About space and time in mobility
    7. 7. Introduction However the perception of space is more direct However the perception of space is more direct In our daily life, we focus on the passage of time rather than on the measure of distance
    8. 8. 1. Mobility is the capacity of crossing the distance between two points • In mobility, we sometimes consider space in terms of time instead of distance • But time is both an objective and a subjective reality Still, in mobility we tend to privilege space over time Still, in mobility we tend to privilege space over time
    9. 9. 2. Shifting from the occupation of space to the mastery of time • In mobility, we privilege infrastructure over processes • Results : more demand and more competition for space An effective control of our journey time requires that we interrogate our true needs An effective control of our journey time requires that we interrogate our true needs
    10. 10. 3. The need for mobility • ‘Need’: it is the necessity to cross a distance between A and B • A need can be absolute or relative • Is a need sometimes a wish ? An effective control of our journey time requires that we reformulate our demand An effective control of our journey time requires that we reformulate our demand
    11. 11. 4. The demand for mobility • ‘Demand’: it is the expression of the need of going from A to B from different points of view: time, space and transportation modalities • If the need is real, the demand can be modulated A newly formulated demand requires a mental shift A newly formulated demand requires a mental shift
    12. 12. Conclusion: a more intelligent demand facing a more diversified offer ‘The way we run our road system is the last remnant of the Stalinist state: We ration demand by queueing’ Feargus O’Sullivan, London-based journalist, CityLab – 28 October 2016
    13. 13. Conclusion: from the competition in space to the collaboration in time ‘One of the faults which we occasionally observe in socio- political activity is that spaces and power are preferred to time and processes. Giving priority to space means madly attempting to keep everything together in the present, trying to possess all the spaces of power and of self-assertion’. Giving priority to time means being concerned about initiating processes rather than possessing spaces. Pope Francis, Evangelii Gaudium, #223 – November 2013
    14. 14. CONTACT BRUSSELS METROPOLITAN ALAIN DENEEF - INTENDANT LINKEDIN : BRUSSELS METROPOLITAN TWITTER : #BruMETROPOLITAN PHONE : (+32) 475 48 48 10 alain.deneef@brusselsmetropolitan.eu

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