From Proprietas to Usus
Towards a genuine European way
of life
Crowdsourcing week Summit
Brussels, 5 June 2014
Domenico RO...
http://ec.europa.eu/research/social-sciences/forward-looking_en.html
EU binomial rethinking
 Professional and personal life
 Public and private sectors
 Manufacturing and services
 Scienc...
Economics and Geopolitics
 North-South? East-West? Developed-developing?
 Multipolar world, G2, G3, "The end of the West...
A EU vision of socio-economic cohesion
Unsustainable trends
and Europe's
challenges
6
Health, Energy and Transport
 Obesity is a leading cause of premature death
 More than 40% of the world electricity is g...
Global resource extraction
Source: OECD; Behrens; WMM, Global Insight, Ellen Mac Arthur Foundation – Circular economy team...
Wealth and poverty
 27,000 people world-wide with more than € 400 M
 More than 5 billion people with less than € 10/day
...
Close but… different neighbourhood
Source: São Paulo, picture from D. Bounds blog
10
Concentration in Megacities?
Source: UN-Habitat
Tokyo 34 M inh.
Seoul 25 M inh.
New Delhi 23 M inh.
Sao Paolo 21 M inh.
11
Population (Million)
Source: UN, World Population Prospects
1950 2011 2050 Factor
India 372 1 241 1 692 ~X 4 / 5
Brazil 54...
The EU GDP in % of global output
 37% in 1970
 28% in 2010
 20% in 2030
 17% in 2050
Source: UNCTAD and EC – Global Eu...
CO2 emissions – Old and new actors
2000 2050
USA & Canada 23% 12%
Enlarged EU 14% 8%
Russia & CIS 8% 5%
Japan 4% 2%
S-E As...
Gonzales Report "Europe 2030"
Source: http://www.flagslist.com/maps/Asia/asia-map.gif
15
"Europe is at a
crossroads: eithe...
Youth unemployment in the EU (in %)
Source: Eurostat, Eurofound - Statista, 2013
16
And …15 M of NEETS
Young Europeans Not...
Ageing EU population (000 people)
Source: EC, DG ECFIN, Ageing Report (H. Bogaert)
The number of people
over 65 will doubl...
EU oil consumption and production
Source: Grande Reportagem
Towards a genuine
European way of life
19
Right policy messages but wrong
anticipation of technological
progress
 Malthus "Essay on the principle of population"
 ...
1970: 300 m
2010: 3000 m
Deep sea drilling
Source: IFP
From Proprietas to Usus
New economy and younger generation:
Less ownership (purchasing)
More access (renting and sharing...
Collaborative and shared economy
On the positive side
 Social exchanges, community life and new services
 Individual emp...
Role of research and innovation
(“3% GDP target”)
Source: EC, DG RTD, DEMETER (P. Zagamé)
24
Promoting innovation
 Product innovation
 Process innovation
 Marketing innovation
 Organisational innovation
 … And ...
Turning the eyes
Most of the efforts these last 50 years in R&D were directly
linked to industrial policies. In Europe:
 ...
Acting on lifestyles
27
Valuing the time
2 hours
28
Source: Newman and
Kenworthy
Building sustainable cities
Eloge de la densité
29
Exploiting cultural heritage
Tradition is not leaving ashes,
its is passing the flame
Thomas More
31
Towards "intangible"
Food and information (2000-2100)
Source: EC, DG RTD, WETO-T
(Chateau and Rossetti)
Hours/day/pers
Inf...
Title
Subtitle
CLOUD COMPUTING
Cloud computing allows you to do
what you want to do, without need
for large amounts of cap...
Conclusions: Sobriety vs. Excess
 Lagom
 Negawatt
 Genuine Progress Indicator
 No planned or wished
obsolescence
 Nov...
Conclusions: Change of paradigm
 Redefining success and experiencing well-being
 New narrative about growth and jobs
 L...
36
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From Proprietas to Usus: Toward a Genuine European Way of Life

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By Domenico Rossetti, European Commission. Presented at Crowdsourcing Week Brussels 2014. More info: http://crowdsourcingweek.com/

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  • From Proprietas to Usus: Toward a Genuine European Way of Life

    1. 1. From Proprietas to Usus Towards a genuine European way of life Crowdsourcing week Summit Brussels, 5 June 2014 Domenico ROSSETTI European Commission DG RTD* Domenico.Rossetti-di-Valdalbero@ec.europa.eu * Personally speaking
    2. 2. http://ec.europa.eu/research/social-sciences/forward-looking_en.html
    3. 3. EU binomial rethinking  Professional and personal life  Public and private sectors  Manufacturing and services  Science and Society  Multinationals and small businesses  Proprietas and Usus Source: D. Rossetti 3
    4. 4. Economics and Geopolitics  North-South? East-West? Developed-developing?  Multipolar world, G2, G3, "The end of the West"?  Neo-Keynesian, neo-liberal, State capitalism?  Mega-regional agreements as a basis for world governance or as a tool fragmenting the world economy? Source: D. Rossetti 4
    5. 5. A EU vision of socio-economic cohesion
    6. 6. Unsustainable trends and Europe's challenges 6
    7. 7. Health, Energy and Transport  Obesity is a leading cause of premature death  More than 40% of the world electricity is generated from coal with its CC impacts (1400 coal power plants in China)  In 2013, EU energy bill amounted to € 400 Billion  World transport will be multiplied by three between 2000 and 2050 (passenger/km and ton/km)  A car is parked 92% of its life cycle  The average speed of an international freight train in the EU is 18km/h Source: D. Rossetti selection from European Commission Communications 7
    8. 8. Global resource extraction Source: OECD; Behrens; WMM, Global Insight, Ellen Mac Arthur Foundation – Circular economy team Today: 70 billion tonnes extracted 8
    9. 9. Wealth and poverty  27,000 people world-wide with more than € 400 M  More than 5 billion people with less than € 10/day Source: WSJ report on Crédit Suisse statistics UN 2011 Report and UN-Habitat ~80 M€ ~ 60% of urban population in Africa and ~ 40% Southern Asia live in slums 9
    10. 10. Close but… different neighbourhood Source: São Paulo, picture from D. Bounds blog 10
    11. 11. Concentration in Megacities? Source: UN-Habitat Tokyo 34 M inh. Seoul 25 M inh. New Delhi 23 M inh. Sao Paolo 21 M inh. 11
    12. 12. Population (Million) Source: UN, World Population Prospects 1950 2011 2050 Factor India 372 1 241 1 692 ~X 4 / 5 Brazil 54 197 223 ~X 4 USA 158 313 403 ~X 2 / 3 China 551 1 347 1 296 ~X 2 /3 EU 28 381 510 520 ~X 1 / 1.5 12
    13. 13. The EU GDP in % of global output  37% in 1970  28% in 2010  20% in 2030  17% in 2050 Source: UNCTAD and EC – Global Europe 2050 13
    14. 14. CO2 emissions – Old and new actors 2000 2050 USA & Canada 23% 12% Enlarged EU 14% 8% Russia & CIS 8% 5% Japan 4% 2% S-E Asia - China 20% 27% South Asia - India 7% 13% Africa 7% 15% Latin America 7% 9% Others 10% 9% 49% 51% 27% 73% Source: EC, DG ENV/CLIMA 14
    15. 15. Gonzales Report "Europe 2030" Source: http://www.flagslist.com/maps/Asia/asia-map.gif 15 "Europe is at a crossroads: either we keep and strengthen the role as one of the main global actors, or we become an “increasingly irrelevant outgrowth on the Asian continent"
    16. 16. Youth unemployment in the EU (in %) Source: Eurostat, Eurofound - Statista, 2013 16 And …15 M of NEETS Young Europeans Not in Employment, Education or Training
    17. 17. Ageing EU population (000 people) Source: EC, DG ECFIN, Ageing Report (H. Bogaert) The number of people over 65 will double in 50 years (up to 150 M in 2060) The "oldest old" (85 and over) will almost triple The share of health expenditures in the EU is expected to increase from 8% of GDP today to 13% in 2060 17
    18. 18. EU oil consumption and production Source: Grande Reportagem
    19. 19. Towards a genuine European way of life 19
    20. 20. Right policy messages but wrong anticipation of technological progress  Malthus "Essay on the principle of population"  Meadows Report "The Limits to Growth"  Association for the Study of Peak Oil and Gas 20 Source: D. Rossetti
    21. 21. 1970: 300 m 2010: 3000 m Deep sea drilling Source: IFP
    22. 22. From Proprietas to Usus New economy and younger generation: Less ownership (purchasing) More access (renting and sharing) Use of ICT (easy, cheap, fast) & Data 22
    23. 23. Collaborative and shared economy On the positive side  Social exchanges, community life and new services  Individual empowerment and social responsibility  Paulo "humaniora" canamus On the negative side  Precarity of work (cf. "eBay of work", small jobs)  From local/community platforms to world platforms  From shared values to quasi-monopolies Source: D. Rossetti 23
    24. 24. Role of research and innovation (“3% GDP target”) Source: EC, DG RTD, DEMETER (P. Zagamé) 24
    25. 25. Promoting innovation  Product innovation  Process innovation  Marketing innovation  Organisational innovation  … And Social innovation Source: Oslo Manual and EC See the European Innovation Convention 2014
    26. 26. Turning the eyes Most of the efforts these last 50 years in R&D were directly linked to industrial policies. In Europe:  In the eighties, the eyes were turned towards Japan and “technology push”  In 2000 (Lisbon), the eyes were turned towards USA: Competitiveness, innovation and flexibility  Today: Europe 2020 strategy – Smart, sustainable and inclusive growth –– Horizon 2020 Source: D. Rossetti 26
    27. 27. Acting on lifestyles 27
    28. 28. Valuing the time 2 hours 28
    29. 29. Source: Newman and Kenworthy Building sustainable cities Eloge de la densité 29
    30. 30. Exploiting cultural heritage
    31. 31. Tradition is not leaving ashes, its is passing the flame Thomas More 31
    32. 32. Towards "intangible" Food and information (2000-2100) Source: EC, DG RTD, WETO-T (Chateau and Rossetti) Hours/day/pers Information index 32
    33. 33. Title Subtitle CLOUD COMPUTING Cloud computing allows you to do what you want to do, without need for large amounts of capital for computers, servers and software. It is expected that more and more software will be delivered in future through the cloud Your dishwasher talking to your fridge talking to your car talking to your smart phone. Data about everything you do, before you do it. All connected to smart grids and smart meters at the level of the smart city COLLABORATIVE SYSTEMS New collaboration technologies and services are making it possible for citizens to engage in societal activities in many new ways – from citizen science to crowdfunding and crowd-deciding Present and future eco / socio / techno INTERNET OF THINGS
    34. 34. Conclusions: Sobriety vs. Excess  Lagom  Negawatt  Genuine Progress Indicator  No planned or wished obsolescence  Novelty to meet social needs  Socio-ecological transition 34
    35. 35. Conclusions: Change of paradigm  Redefining success and experiencing well-being  New narrative about growth and jobs  Learning (what) but also how to learn  From a consumption-waste society to a circular economy: sobriety, shared consumption and preservation of resources  From consumers to "innosumers"  Beyond tangibles & Beyond GDP Source: D. Rossetti 35
    36. 36. 36

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