First, Look at the Periodic Table[_____________________] [_____] [___________________] [___] donors share acceptors selfishElements are “happiest” when they have all of their possible 8valence electrons filled; just like people are happiest when theirbelly is filled. If they have less, they will seek out other elementsto share electrons, and thus complete their mission to fill theirouter electron energy levels.
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Row 14, with elements like Carbonand Silicon like some people we allknow, work best in groups!
If Sodium and Chlorine find eachother, they will combine easily tomake Sodium Chloride – table salt.
Magnesium & Oxygen combine to form Magnesium Oxide. It requires lotsof energy because it’s TWO electrons that move instead of one. But,involving more electrons, also means vast energy is given off, once thereaction starts!
Noble elements, or those on the right side ofthe periodic table will not combine withanything! They’re completely happy withtheir 8 electrons that fill their energy levels.
Larger molecules with more than two atoms can becombined, like 3 Sodium + 1 Phosphorus. Theyshare the correct number of atoms to fill the valenceelectrons with 8 to create Trisodium Phosphide.
Of course, an easy one torecognize is H2O - water.
Sugar – C6H12O6 To read about sugars and othercarbon chain nutrients, here’s the link for you! carbon chain molecules