21st century brains_conference


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21st century brains_conference

  1. 1. Preparing 21st Century MindsUsing Brain Research toEnhance Cognitive Skills for the Future
  2. 2. Tony Wagner Harvard Innovation Education FellowWhat’s “the PROBLEM”?
  3. 3. “Knowledge Society”requires new skills for ALL STUDENTS - Work, continuous learning, citizenship
  4. 4. “Net Generation” is differently motivated to learn- Boredom is the leading cause of low achievement and dropouts
  5. 5. Need to create an “Innovation Nation” - Revive America – we cannot save or spend our way out - Innovators are only peoplewhose jobs cannot be automated or off-shored
  6. 6. Survival Skills for Careers, College and Citizenship:1. Critical thinking / problem solving2. Collaboration / leading by influence3. Agility / adaptability4. Initiative / entrepreneurism5. Effective oral / written communication6. Assessing / analyzing information7. Curiosity / imagination
  7. 7. For More Information:www.tonywagner.com
  8. 8. Helen NevilleBrain Development Lab University of Oregon Interventions for Children At-Risk for School Failure
  9. 9. Studies Brains Using:- Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI) - Psychophysics- Electrophysiological imaging (ERP)
  10. 10. Findings: Some neural systems and subsystems are highlymodifiable (neuroplastic), with the potential for eitherenhancement or vulnerability.
  11. 11. The most plastic neural systems are also vulnerableamong individuals with lowersocioeconomic backgrounds.
  12. 12. Early environmental enrichment in the form ofinterventions can protect and enhance the plastic and potentially vulnerable neurocognitive systems in children with, or at risk for, developmental deficits.
  13. 13. Intervention Framework - Use neuroimaging to observedifferences among children and adults from different socioeconomic backgrounds- Vulnerable systems can be enhanced- Early intervention buffers and protects vulnerable neural systems
  14. 14. Intervention Overview- Children living at or below poverty level - Randomly assigned to control or treatment group- No difference between groups in student age, gender, language, nonverbal intelligence; parent age, maritial/partner status, education level, socioeconomic background
  15. 15. Key Components of Intervention- High levels of positive reinforcement and specific praise - Consistent discipline with clear expectations and natural consequences- Use language to encourage high quality interactions - Provide frequent opportunities for choosing, thinking, solving problems
  16. 16. Intervention Results- Improvement in student language, cognition, and attention- Parent training yielded significant student outcomes - Ongoing, longitudinal studies in progress
  17. 17. “These studies contribute to a basic understanding of the nature andmechanisms of human brain plasticity. In addition, these results lend impetus to further development and broaderdeployment of education programs based on evidence from research in neuroscience, especially those that impact at-risk populations to reduceacademic achievement gaps, resulting in long-term positive outcomes for individuals and society.” H.N.
  18. 18. For More Information: Brain Development Lab www.bdl.purpled. Com DVD: Changing Brainson YouTube or free download changingbrains.com
  19. 19. Free Brain Apps for iPad: 3D Brain 3D Medical Images Brain MRI Atlas