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3 gender scr


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3 gender scr

  1. 1. Young school children in rural India eating millet chappatis with rice and vegetable curry. BIG IDEAS Building livelihood options to empower rural women W omen are far more likely than men to channel their income from agriculture into the nutrition, health and education of their children. According to the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (UN-FAO), tackling gender differences could increase agricultural output by as much as 4% each year, and lift an estimated 100 million people out of poverty. We can make changes now through livelihood options for rural women. Build their capacity Increase their livelihood options Educate them about nutrition Create agriculture and agribusiness opportunities for women Science with a human face Improved child education Increase income Next generation benefits Empower them Better family nutrition November 2013
  2. 2. The problem and opportunity The approach  Even the farmers and their families do not have enough to eat. 1)  If you are worried about having enough to eat, you are not concerned with nutrition levels.  If you do not know how you will survive this year, you are not going to invest in the condition of the soil for next year.  Participatory analysis and solution building at village level - Bring together the women and the broader community in a village, the players along the whole value chain (e.g. traders and processors) and scientific and business experts. Children are only sent to school if there is enough income that season. - Analyse the barriers and opportunities - Provide nutrition and health education There is a cycle among livelihoods, education and health. - Develop solutions together that are science based and owned by the community We know that engaging and empowering women is critical in making a positive change within this cycle. 2) Implement the solutions. This can include: - Training the women - This is because women do not have the same access to key assets. Creating/strengthening self-help groups - Women farmers in developing countries are 20-30% less productive than men. Giving access to needed assets - Rural women are the poorest in the world. The number of rural women living in poverty has doubled since the 1970s Building knowledge on nutrition and health. This will include understanding cultural norms and how to manage these, food options and social interventions to overcome malnutrition, and other practices such as water, sanitation and healthcare. In Africa, for instance, women own just 1% of the agricultural land, receive only 7% of available extension services, and are able to access less than 10% of all agricultural credit.  3) Women are generally responsible for the food and nutrition of the family.  Women are more vulnerable to discrimination and social mistreatment. It is based on sound diagnostic research and incorporates strong scientific knowledge to develop solutions and continues with scientific backing in implementing and monitoring the solutions.  It brings together health, education, livelihoods and food security in a new and powerful way. If we can close the gender gap in rural areas we can: How you can be involved Key for this approach: Health is typically treated as a separate issue and is not integrated into agriculture and rural livelihood options. - - - - Produce more food in developing countries by 2.5 to 4%. Reduce the number of hungry people in the world by 100 to 150 million people. Build more businesses. Have healthier future generations. So how do we change things? The focus is to implement agricultural and agribusiness solutions for women that lead to better and sustainable livelihoods. 2 A concept note for Ensuring nutritional security in rural India Continually monitor the approach, developments and impacts. Sponsor the whole program and be a global leader. Engage with the wider general public by encouraging their involvement to: - sponsor a village; - sponsor a women’s Self-Help Group; or - sponsor a woman to run a business (through training and providing assets). Contact Chanda Goodrich, Principal Scientist (Empower Women), E-mail: