What is Law

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Introduction to Law Unit

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What is Law

  1. 1. Street Law Introduction to Law and the Legal System Created by G. Moses, 2005
  2. 2. Overview <ul><li>What is Law? </li></ul><ul><li>How Rights are Balanced with Responsibilities. </li></ul><ul><li>How the Constitution Creates the Basis for all of Our Laws. </li></ul>
  3. 3. What is law? <ul><li>Jurisprudence </li></ul><ul><li>Law and Values </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Protect your basic human rights </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>promote fairness </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>help resolve conflicts </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>promote order and stability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>promote desirable social and economic behavior </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>represent the will of most of the people </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>protect the rights of people in the minority </li></ul></ul>
  4. 4. The Basis of Law <ul><li>Moral </li></ul><ul><li>Economic </li></ul><ul><li>Political </li></ul><ul><li>Social </li></ul>
  5. 5. Moral, Economic, Political, Social examples <ul><li>All drivers must stop at stop signs. </li></ul><ul><li>It is a crime to cheat on your tax return. </li></ul><ul><li>All citizens may vote at age 18. </li></ul><ul><li>Special government programs lend money to minority-owned businesses at low interest rates. </li></ul><ul><li>Government officials may not accept gifts from people who want them to pass certain laws. </li></ul><ul><li>Possession of marihuana is a crime. </li></ul>
  6. 6. Balancing Rights with Responsibilities <ul><li>Kinds of Law </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Criminal Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><ul><li>“ The State of Nevada v. Your Name Here ” </li></ul></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Civil Law </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>- suing your neighbor because he is too loud and you cant sleep </li></ul></ul>
  7. 7. A Little Story <ul><li>What are all the things that you think Matt and Kenji did wrong? </li></ul><ul><li>What laws are involved in this story? </li></ul><ul><li>Which of these are criminal laws and which are civil? </li></ul>
  8. 8. Our Constitutional Framework <ul><li>Separation of Powers </li></ul><ul><li>Checks and Balances </li></ul><ul><li>National and State Government </li></ul><ul><li>The Bill of Rights </li></ul><ul><li>Changing the Constitution </li></ul>

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