Chapter 8 120 medical terminology

2,009 views

Published on

Chapter 8

0 Comments
0 Likes
Statistics
Notes
  • Be the first to comment

  • Be the first to like this

No Downloads
Views
Total views
2,009
On SlideShare
0
From Embeds
0
Number of Embeds
2
Actions
Shares
0
Downloads
12
Comments
0
Likes
0
Embeds 0
No embeds

No notes for slide

Chapter 8 120 medical terminology

  1. 1. Digestive System<br />Diagnostic Procedures/Illness <br />
  2. 2. Medical Procedure used to see inside the rectum and colon <br />Can detect inflamed tissue, ulcers, and abnormal growths<br />Most commonly known for detecting colon cancer<br />Helps doctors with diagnosing unusual bowl movements, abnormal stomach pain, and bleeding from anus <br />Tissues samples can be collected during a colonoscopy (biopsy)<br />What is a Colonoscopy <br />
  3. 3. A colonoscope is inserted into the anus and guided into colon <br />Colonoscope is a thin flexible tube that can range from 48in. to 72in. <br />Colonoscope has a camera attached to it allowing video or pictures to be taken of colon <br />Can see the whole colon and part of the small intestine <br />How a Colonoscopy is Performed<br />
  4. 4. Before a colonoscopy can be performed, the patients colon must be cleaned <br />Colon prep may take 1 to 2 days depending on physicians orders<br />All solids should be removed from gastrointestinal tract<br />Patients are put on a liquid diet <br />Preparing for a Colonoscopy <br />
  5. 5. Physical wasting and loss of muscle and weight <br /> Loss of appetite <br />Occurs during a chronic disease <br />Cachexia con occur along with anorexia <br />Cachexia <br />
  6. 6. Cancer <br />Metabolic acidosis <br />Tuberculosis <br />Aids <br />Addiction to drugs <br />Underlying Disorders of Cachexia <br />
  7. 7. Commonly used type of dental x-ray <br />Shows upper and lower teeth <br />Identifies problem with teeth, mouth, jaw <br />Bite-Wing X-Ray <br />
  8. 8. Detects cavities in between teeth<br />Shows if severe gum disease is present <br />X-ray can show if wisdom teeth are present or hidden dental structures <br />Can detect bone loss <br />Checks for decay in between teeth and any other types of infection <br />Bite-Wing X-Ray <br />
  9. 9. Lavage is simply the process of washing out or irrigation of an organ<br />There are various types of lavages<br />Lavage<br />
  10. 10. Ice Water Lavage<br />Administering ice water through a stomach tube <br />Treats acute upper gastrointestinal hemorrhages<br />Gastric Lavage<br />Irrigation of the stomach <br />Used to remove poisons<br />Colonic Lavage<br />irrigation of the colon, used to remove ingested toxins.<br />Abdominal Lavage<br />Saline is infused into peritoneal cavity using a catheter that is inserted into the abdominal wall <br />Used to examine blood cells, bacteria, and enzymes<br />RuminalLavage<br />Used to treat to treat carbohydrate engorgement <br />BronchoalveolarLavage<br />Percutaneous entry of a catheter between tracheal rings<br />Small volume of normal sterile saline which is then aspirated <br />Thoracic Lavage<br />Pleural sac is irrigated via paracentesiscannula<br />Types of Lavages<br />

×