Reshaping our thoughts on  Adult Education And how those thoughts impact Ada County Paramedics Reshaping our thoughts on  ...
Contact Information <ul><li>Steve Cole </li></ul><ul><li>www.adaparamedics.org </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address]   </li></...
Objectives <ul><li>Define andragogy </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast adult from child learners </li></ul><ul><li>Ide...
ANDRAGOGY  is the  art  and  science  of helping adults learn.  PEDAGOGY  is the  art  and  science  of helping children l...
Adult Education? <ul><li>Distinctly different from education of children. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different motivations,  </...
5 characteristics of a true adult learner: <ul><li>The adult learner is someone who:  </li></ul><ul><li>Has an independent...
DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CHILDREN AND ADULTS AS LEARNERS: <ul><li>CHILDREN  </li></ul><ul><li>Rely on others to decide what is ...
Lets put it another way: <ul><li>Readiness to learn? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C: In class because they have to. Need motivati...
Lets put it another way: <ul><li>Self Concept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C: Dependant on teacher for learning. Expects teacher ...
Did you know: <ul><li>Health care workers tend to use different methods of learning compared to cooperate and other indust...
Interesting side note There is some growing evidence that the teachers of children and teachers of adults tend to share ma...
Characteristics Of An Excellent Adult Educator
Understands His Students <ul><li>Age, environmental, work, and social barriers to learning </li></ul><ul><li>Understands t...
Dynamic and  Engaging Teacher <ul><li>&quot;Classroom training is inefficient. Half the people in the room are secretly wo...
Creates Learning Experiences <ul><li>&quot;Tell me, and I will forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I will...
Lives and Loves the Subject <ul><li>The Teacher must not only be passionate about the subject, he must be passionate about...
Professional and Personal Integrity <ul><li>“ We teach who we are… teaching emerges from one’s inwardness” </li></ul>
Effective Adult Learning Methods
Effective Adult Learning Methods <ul><li>Teacher oriented techniques  </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive techniques  </li></ul>...
Teacher oriented techniques <ul><li>Lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning </li></ul><ul><li>Guided Discussion </li></ul>
Interactive techniques <ul><li>Guided discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes Discussion groups/Panel Discussions and De...
Independent techniques <ul><li>Programmed and Modularized Instruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Computer Based ACLS teachi...
Why having a good program is important to Ada County Paramedics?
<ul><li>Why an Education Program </li></ul><ul><li>Checking the Box? </li></ul><ul><li>Required? </li></ul><ul><li>Economi...
In closing, how to teach adults…
<ul><li>Just as the education of children affects the future of a society, the education of an employee is the future of a...
Are their lessons we can take home from this? <ul><li>SURE! </li></ul><ul><li>FOCUS ON “REAL WORLD” PROBLEMS. </li></ul><u...
Questions? Questions?
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EMS- Reshaping our thoughts on Adult Education

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This is a presentation I put together on 4 hours notice as part of a testing (hiring) process for an EMS education position I was awarded.

I use this in teaching new FTO\'s, supervisors, and other trainers to motivate them about a good education program. Needless to say there is a lot of passionate dialog that goes along with this....

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  • EMS- Reshaping our thoughts on Adult Education

    1. 1. Reshaping our thoughts on Adult Education And how those thoughts impact Ada County Paramedics Reshaping our thoughts on Adult Education
    2. 2. Contact Information <ul><li>Steve Cole </li></ul><ul><li>www.adaparamedics.org </li></ul><ul><li>[email_address] </li></ul><ul><li>208-861-6750 </li></ul><ul><li>Last updated 12-4-2007 </li></ul><ul><li>Disclosure: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>No financial conflicts. No endorsements of any product are presented. </li></ul></ul>
    3. 3. Objectives <ul><li>Define andragogy </li></ul><ul><li>Compare and contrast adult from child learners </li></ul><ul><li>Identify positive characteristics of an adult educator </li></ul><ul><li>Identifies effective adult teaching methodologies </li></ul><ul><li>Relate the value of a quality education system to ACP </li></ul>
    4. 4. ANDRAGOGY is the art and science of helping adults learn. PEDAGOGY is the art and science of helping children learn
    5. 5. Adult Education? <ul><li>Distinctly different from education of children. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Different motivations, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different styles, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different goals, </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Different methods… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Its just DIFFERENT! </li></ul></ul>
    6. 6. 5 characteristics of a true adult learner: <ul><li>The adult learner is someone who: </li></ul><ul><li>Has an independent self-concept and who can direct his or her own learning </li></ul><ul><li>Has accumulated a reservoir of life experiences that is a rich resource for learning </li></ul><ul><li>Has learning needs closely related to life changes and priorities </li></ul><ul><li>Is problem-centered and interested in immediate application of knowledge </li></ul><ul><li>Is motivated to learn by internal rather than external factors </li></ul>
    7. 7. DIFFERENCES BETWEEN CHILDREN AND ADULTS AS LEARNERS: <ul><li>CHILDREN </li></ul><ul><li>Rely on others to decide what is important to be learned. </li></ul><ul><li>Accept the important being presented at face value. </li></ul><ul><li>Expect/assume what they are learning to be useful in their long-term future. </li></ul><ul><li>Have little or no experience upon– are relatively “ clean slates .” </li></ul><ul><li>Little ability to serve as a knowledgeable resource to teacher or fellow classmates. </li></ul><ul><li>ADULTS </li></ul><ul><li>Decide for themselves what is important to be learned. </li></ul><ul><li>Need to validate the information based on their beliefs and experience. </li></ul><ul><li>Expect what they are learning to be immediately useful. </li></ul><ul><li>Have much experience upon which draw on. Will have varied view points. </li></ul><ul><li>Significant ability to serve a knowledgeable resource to trainer and fellow learners. </li></ul>
    8. 8. Lets put it another way: <ul><li>Readiness to learn? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C: In class because they have to. Need motivation created for them (i.e. fun games, privileges) </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A: In class because they have a goal. The best have internalized goals. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Time to importance relationship? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C: Someday you will need to know this </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A: This is why this is important and why you will need this tomorrow. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Orientation to Learning? </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C: Subject centered (math, science, etc) with little thought to everyday application. Looking to pass grade to move on to next subject. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A: Very Diverse- Problem and task centered. Looking to increase competence in a series of tasks , job, etc. Social interaction through activity. Desire to be a constant learner for life enrichment. </li></ul></ul>
    9. 9. Lets put it another way: <ul><li>Self Concept </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C: Dependant on teacher for learning. Expects teacher to design, direct, and control all aspects of curricula and exercises. All ears and no mouth. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A: Learning is a two way street of exchanging ideas, control and discussion. Expect independence of opinion, expect the teacher to nurture their learning and thought process, not dictate subject matter. </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Experience </li></ul><ul><ul><li>C: No experience to draw on. Since experience is vital to learning, the teacher must create experiences for the student. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>A: Lots of experience, some pertinent and some not. Will use all experience extensively in learning, and may draw both correct and incorrect conclusions. </li></ul></ul>
    10. 10. Did you know: <ul><li>Health care workers tend to use different methods of learning compared to cooperate and other industrial learners! </li></ul><ul><li>They used the Process of “Reflection” the most. (Compared to self assessment and correction in other groups) </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Requires more justification, more “why”, more research based discussion. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>More looking FORWARD to FUTURE practice to expected results from changes… </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Thinking Things Through” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Acquiring NEW Knowledge. </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>( When further exam of OLD practice then occurs- This becomes critical reflection) </li></ul></ul>
    11. 11. Interesting side note There is some growing evidence that the teachers of children and teachers of adults tend to share many of these traits with their students.
    12. 12. Characteristics Of An Excellent Adult Educator
    13. 13. Understands His Students <ul><li>Age, environmental, work, and social barriers to learning </li></ul><ul><li>Understands that progression from childhood learner to adult learner is a slow one, and does not occur automatically. </li></ul>
    14. 14. Dynamic and Engaging Teacher <ul><li>&quot;Classroom training is inefficient. Half the people in the room are secretly working on their &quot;real&quot; jobs; half are so relieved not to be doing their real jobs, they've turned their minds entirely off. Half already know half the stuff being taught and are playing Buzzword Bingo on their Palms; half will never need to know more than half of it” </li></ul><ul><li>Sage on a stage or a guide on the side ? </li></ul>
    15. 15. Creates Learning Experiences <ul><li>&quot;Tell me, and I will forget. Show me, and I may remember. Involve me, and I will understand.&quot; </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Confucius, circa 450 BC </li></ul></ul><ul><li>“ Hear it, See it, Do it, Teach it!” </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Common Military Teaching Methodology </li></ul></ul><ul><li>AKA: Experiential Learning </li></ul>
    16. 16. Lives and Loves the Subject <ul><li>The Teacher must not only be passionate about the subject, he must be passionate about sharing it with others. </li></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Bad teachers distance themselves from the subject they are teaching—and in the process, from their students. Good teachers join self and subject and students in the fabric of life…” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ Good teachers possess a capacity for connectedness. They are able to weave a complex weave of connections, among themselves, their subjects and their students so that students can learn to weave a world for themselves.” </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>“ It will do no good rewriting curricula and revising texts if we fail to cherish —and challenge— the human heart that is the source of good teaching” </li></ul></ul>
    17. 17. Professional and Personal Integrity <ul><li>“ We teach who we are… teaching emerges from one’s inwardness” </li></ul>
    18. 18. Effective Adult Learning Methods
    19. 19. Effective Adult Learning Methods <ul><li>Teacher oriented techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Interactive techniques </li></ul><ul><li>Independent techniques </li></ul>
    20. 20. Teacher oriented techniques <ul><li>Lecture </li></ul><ul><li>Questioning </li></ul><ul><li>Guided Discussion </li></ul>
    21. 21. Interactive techniques <ul><li>Guided discussion </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Includes Discussion groups/Panel Discussions and Debates </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Role-play </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Scenarios </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Case study </li></ul><ul><li>Group-work </li></ul><ul><li>Programmed fieldwork </li></ul><ul><ul><li>AKA Clinicals </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Cooperative learning </li></ul><ul><li>Simulations and Games </li></ul>
    22. 22. Independent techniques <ul><li>Programmed and Modularized Instruction </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: Computer Based ACLS teaching </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Independent Learning Packages </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: FTO Homework, Monthly written CE </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Self- directed learning techniques </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Ex: The FTO Process – Training Phase </li></ul></ul>
    23. 23. Why having a good program is important to Ada County Paramedics?
    24. 24. <ul><li>Why an Education Program </li></ul><ul><li>Checking the Box? </li></ul><ul><li>Required? </li></ul><ul><li>Economical? </li></ul><ul><li>Benefits? </li></ul><ul><li>Why a Quality Education Program </li></ul><ul><li>Reputation? </li></ul><ul><li>Moral and Retention? </li></ul><ul><li>Competence and Quality? </li></ul>
    25. 25. In closing, how to teach adults…
    26. 26. <ul><li>Just as the education of children affects the future of a society, the education of an employee is the future of an organization! </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Not just FTO programs </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>ALL education! </li></ul></ul><ul><li>Education (both good and bad, or none) effect: </li></ul><ul><ul><li>Liability </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Moral </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Retention </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Motivation </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of work </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Quality of life </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Sick day useage </li></ul></ul><ul><ul><li>Integrity of employees </li></ul></ul>
    27. 27. Are their lessons we can take home from this? <ul><li>SURE! </li></ul><ul><li>FOCUS ON “REAL WORLD” PROBLEMS. </li></ul><ul><li>EMPHASIZE HOW THE LEARNING CAN BE APPLIED. </li></ul><ul><li>RELATE THE LEARNING TO THE LEARNERS’ GOALS. </li></ul><ul><li>RELATE THE MATERIALS TO THE LEARNERS’ PAST EXPERIENCES. </li></ul><ul><li>ALLOW DEBATE AND CHALLENGE OF IDEAS. </li></ul><ul><li>LISTEN TO AND RESPECT THE OPINIONS OF LEARNERS. </li></ul><ul><li>ENCOURAGE LEARNERS TO BE RESOURCES TO YOU AN D TO EACH OTHER. </li></ul><ul><li>TREAT LEARNERS LIKE ADULTS. </li></ul><ul><li>*****GIVE LEARNERS “CONTROL”***** </li></ul><ul><li>PICK PASSIONATE TEACHERS (Like Steve Cole!!!) </li></ul>
    28. 28. Questions? Questions?

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