Imcm kyaw lat

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Imcm kyaw lat

  1. 1. Yangon           In  the  Context  of  Country’s   Development       Presenter:  Kyaw  Lat,     Advisor  Yangon  City  Development   CommiAee  
  2. 2. 590.29   676.30   775.67   890.60   1023.68   282.29   (47.5%)   393.63   550.97   722.65   864.87   (84.5%)   0.00   200.00   400.00   600.00   800.00   1000.00   1200.00   ^2010   ^2020   ^2030   ^2040   ^2050   Forecast  for  NaTonal  and  Urban  PopulaTon  Changes  in  ASEAN  Countries  (based  on  UNICEF   data)   ASEAN  total  populaTon  (mill)   ASEAN  urban  populaTon  (mill)   Total population growth rate 1.4% and urban growth rates are 2.9 % annually ASEAN  has  8.5%  of  world’s  populaTon   and  contribuTng  32%  of  world’s  GDP  
  3. 3. 233.3   93.8   89.4   68.7   50.4   28.1   15.1   6.4   4.8   0.4   0.3(75%)   62.5   127.4     (52%)   23.0   17.2   17.2   (33%)   62.5   (65%)   2.2   25.9   (28%)   0.0   50.0   100.0   150.0   200.0   250.0   NaTonal  &  urban  populaTon  in  ASEAN  countries  as  of  2010   (Calculated  based  on  UNICEF's  data)     Total  populaTon  (mill.  In  2010)   Urban  populaTon  (mill.  In  2010)  
  4. 4. PopulaTon  of  Myanmar   (The  last  official  census  was  in  1983)   CIA   •  55.167  million  in  July  2013   •  Urban  %  32.6%  &  urban  Growth  rate  is  2.49/year   •  NaTonal  populaTon  growth  rate  is  1.05%   -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐   UNICEF   •  49.01  in  2013   •  Urban  %  33%  &  urban  Growth  rate  is  2%  /year   •  NaTonal  populaTon  growth  rate  is  1%  /year  
  5. 5. PopulaTon  of  Myanmar   (The  last  official  census  was  in  1983)   Myanmar  Department  of  ImmigraTon   •  Total  Union  populaTon  is  60.977  in  2012   •  Percentage  of  Urban  is  30.7%     •  Urban  Growth  rate  is  2.7/year   •  NaTonal  populaTon  growth  rate  is  1.9%   -­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐-­‐  
  6. 6. 60.97   70.88   85.56   103.27   124.66   18.76     (30.7%)   23.19   30.24   39.44   54.23   (60%)   0.00   20.00   40.00   60.00   80.00   100.00   120.00   140.00   Y2012   Y2020   Y2030   Y2040   Y2050   Forecast  for  Union  /  Urban  populaTon   Based  on  1983-­‐2012  trends  (NaTonal  1.9%  Urban  2.7%)   Total  Union  populaTon    (mill)   Total  urban  populaTon  (mill)   Myanmar  urban  populaTon  shall  increase     From  present  19  mill  to  around  40  mill  in  2040  
  7. 7. 1553   2580   5466   (76%)   1255   1488   1747   1067   600   1040   308   495   539   387   124   106   8205   7423   7170   6654   6125   5780   5730   3370   3193   1855   1755   1616   1165   571   365   0   1000   2000   3000   4000   5000   6000   7000   8000   9000   Urban  populaTon  (Thousands)   Total  populaTon  (Thousands)   Yangon  region  has  76%  urban,     highest  urban  percentage  in  the  Union  
  8. 8. 60.97   70.88   85.56   103.27   124.66   36.58   42.53   51.33   61.96   74.80   0.00   20.00   40.00   60.00   80.00   100.00   120.00   140.00   Y2012   Y2020   Y2030   Y2040   Y2050   PopulaTon  &  labour  Force   Total  Union  populaTon    (mill)   Labour  Force  (mill)  
  9. 9. Primary     58%   Secondary   14%   TerTary   28%   Employment  Sectors  in  the  Union   (source:  CSO,  StaTsTcal  Yearbook)  
  10. 10. Middle  Zone PabedanLatha Lanmadaw Ahlone Kyauktada Botataung CBD  Zone Seikan Dagon  Seikkan South  Dagon North  Dagon East  Dagon Eastern  Zone Mayangone Insein Northern  Zone North  Okalapa Mingalardon Shwe  Pyitha Hlaing  Tharyar North-­‐Western Zone Southern  Outer  Zone Dala Seikyi  Kanaungto Southeas Zone Thaketa Dawbon Yankin Tarmway South Oakkalapa Thin  Gan  Gyun PabedanLatha Lanmadaw Ahlone Thaketa Kyauktada Botataung Pazundaung Dawbon Mingala  Taung  Nyunt Dagon Dala Seikyi Bahan Kyeemyindine Sanchaung Hlaing Kamaryut Mayangone Insein Mingalardon Hlaing  Tharyar Dagon  Seikkan South  Dagon North  Dagon East  Dagon Yankin Tarmway South Oakkalapa Shwe  Pyitha Thin  Gan  Gyun North Oakkalapa Aung Mingalar Highway Station Yangon’s  general  Issues  
  11. 11. 4.86   1.00   0.27   0.19   0.19   0.14   0.13   0.14   0.13   0.11   0.10   0.11   0.13   0.11   0.12   0.00   1.00   2.00   3.00   4.00   5.00   6.00   PopulaTon  of  towns  larger  than  0.1  mill  in  2010   2010  populaTon  based  on  trends  (mill)  
  12. 12. 0   1000   2000   3000   4000   5000   6000   7000   8000   9000   10000   GDP  of  States  and  Divisions  (Bill.  Kyats)   Yangon  Division  with  11%  of  the  populaTon  produces  22%  of  Country’s  GDP    
  13. 13. 1.29   0.86   0.75   0.73   0.63   0.60   0.59   0.58   0.53   0.50   0.45   0.42   0.40   0.24   0.23   0.00   0.20   0.40   0.60   0.80   1.00   1.20   1.40   Per  capita  GDP  in  States  &  Divisions    in  2012                            (mill.  kyat)   GDP  per    person   (million  kyat)   Yangon  Division  has  highest  per  Capita  GDP  in  the  Union  
  14. 14. Employment  sectors  in  YCDC   TerTary   (Government)   11%   TerTary  (services)   6%   TerTary  (trading)     23%   Manufacturing  &   handi-­‐craes     9%   Primary  sector   2%   Irregular  Workers   18%   Others     31%   Employment  Sectors  in  Yangon,  from  5  mill.,  2.3  mill  are  economically  acTve,  (around   47%)     The  secondary  sector  employment  in  YCDC  is  around  25%  
  15. 15. Sectorial  contribuTon  of  GDP  in  Yangon  Division     Primary   Sector  (Bill.   Kyats) 7% Secondary   Sector  (Bill.   Kyats) 47% Tertiary   Sector  (Bill.   Kyats) 46% GDP  in  Yangon  Division  
  16. 16. Now the city has 306 sq. miles (792sqw.km) & 5 million population
  17. 17. PopulaTon  forecast  for  Yangon  city  with  2  scenarios  
  18. 18. Yangon  in  the  18th  century,  during  Alaung  Paya  
  19. 19. Yangon  in  earlier  colonial  days  
  20. 20. Yangon  in  the  19th  century,  re-­‐planned  as  the  capital  of   Lower  Myanmar  
  21. 21. ConservaTon  of  city  character  
  22. 22. Because  of  the  historic   development,  Several  buildings   and  places  to  conserve      as     Heritage  Sites    
  23. 23. Low  standard  &  unhygienic  areas  developed  as  a   result  of  site  &  service  schemes    
  24. 24.  View  of  the  Project  
  25. 25. Endeavour  no.  4   YCDC  calls  for   Housing  Sector  Improvement      
  26. 26. 37   Urban transport Modal  Share  in  Yangon  City     source  :  JICA    Study  Team   Yangon City Development Committee
  27. 27. Increase  of  vehicles  in  recent  years
  28. 28. YCDC’s  endeavours  can  be  summarized  as     1.  Improved  infrastructure   2.  Improved  Public  Transport  &  Road  Network   3.  Road  network  improvement  (Circular  Roads)   4.  Improved  Housing  CondiTons   5.  The  Secondary  CBD     6.  ConservaTon  of  Historical  &  Urban  Heritage   7.  No.  7,  City  Extension    
  29. 29. Expansion  &  reorganizaTon  of  the  city   Basic  Idea  of  Yangon’s  Future   0 5 10 15mile mile 0 5 10 15km km20 M.Aca. To Naung Don Present YCDC boundary Approx. 230 sq. miles / 597 sq. km Possible Secondary Center Possible Extension Areas Possible Extension Areas Possible Extension Areas Ring roads xpress Road + Rail
  30. 30. Mingala  Taung  Nyunt Bahan Inner  city  Zone Pazundaung Mingala  Taung  Nyunt Dagon Bahan Kyeemyindine Sanchaung Hlaing Kamaryut Southeas Zone Thaketa Dawbon Yankin Tarmway South Oakkalapa Thin  Gan  Gyun Mayangone Insein Northern  Zone North  Okalapa Mingalardon Southern  Outer  Zone Dala Seikyi  Kanaungto Shwe  Pyitha Hlaing  Tharyar   North-­‐Western   Zone Dagon  Seikkan South  Dagon North  Dagon East  Dagon Eastern  Zone PabedanLatha Lanmadaw Ahlone Kyauktada Botataung CBD  Zone Seikan The  New  Air  Port   SEZ  with  ¼  million   employment   Based  on  plans  Yangon  Region  shall  grow  up  to  about  10  million  in   20130   The  Extension   areas  
  31. 31. Yangon  problems  call  for   “NaTonal  UrbanizaTon  Strategy”  
  32. 32. ANDAMAN SEA Main poles Towns with around 1.5 Lakhs States & Division capitals Two deep sea ports are on the way Consideration of northern poleThe Asian highways The final recommendation is “The requirement of Human Settlements Strategy and Plan”
  33. 33. The  End  

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