Edu and hrd1 dr. tin htut

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Edu and hrd1 dr. tin htut

  1. 1. Education and Human Resource Development in Myanmar: at a crossroad Tin Htut, Ph. D Rector Yezin Agricultural University April 28, 2014 1
  2. 2. OUTLINE • Overview of Education Sector in Myanmar • Education for Human Resource Development • Present Status of Education Sector in Myanmar • Future educational perspective for Myanmar •  Key messages and urgent needs 2
  3. 3. Overview of Education Sector in Myanmar -  Fragmented education sector review -  Overwhelmed rote learning and tuition system both in basic and higher education -  Lack of motivation, innovation and analytical skill -  Limited resource materials (cheap education) -  Underdeveloped job market -  Lack of inter-linkages among the institutions -  Needing quality control and accreditation -  Inadequate qualified teaching staff -  Poor institutional capacity/ lack of good institutional practices (GIP)/ lack of good institutional culture (GIC) 3
  4. 4. Progress on education sector in Myanmar •  Educational sector development policy and strategies are thoughtfully formulated •  Participatory planning •  Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR) first phase has been completed •  Comprehensive Education Sector Review (CESR) second phase is on progress •  National Qualification Framework (NQF) is on progress •  National Education Law has been drafted and under parliamentary review leading to more progressive education sector performance 4
  5. 5. Six core areas •  Development of human resource •  Utilization of technology •  Expansion of research •  Development of a lifelong learning society •  Promotion of the quality of education and •  Preservation of national identity and national values 5 (MoE, 2013)
  6. 6. Basic Education Sector Administration Structure (Source: MOE, 2013) 6
  7. 7. 7 Myanmar National Education Committee Universities’ Central Council Council of Universities Academic Bodies Council Ministry of Education Other Ministries 169 universities Department of higher education (upper Myanmar) Department of higher education (lower Myanmar) Department of Myanmar Language Commission University 19 Degree Colleges 1 Affiliated Departments 6 Teacher 3897 Student 223957 University 21 Degree Colleges 3 Teacher 5295 Student 206407 Higher Education Sector Administration Structure (Source: MOE, 2013)
  8. 8. No. Ministry No. of University 1. Education 68 2. Health 15 3. Science and Technology 62 4. Defense 6 5. Culture 2 6. Environmental Conservation and Forestry 1 7. Agriculture and Irrigation 1 8. Livestock, Fisheries and Rural Development 1 9. Co-operatives 5 10. Religious Affairs 3 11. Border Affairs 3 12. Transport 2 Total 169 8 Distribution of Universities and Colleges
  9. 9. Vision, goal and mission of higher education sector in Myanmar Vision: Sustainable education system that will generate a learning society capable of developing knowledge-based economy Goal: Ensuring and expanding social safety-net through well balanced education system Mission: To provide public service through research, training and extension To create education system for the national human resources development which enables the professionals to provide leadership in different institutions and, in addition, supply science and technology and contribute to national and regional growth and development 9
  10. 10. Gap/Challenges of Education for HRD •  Pedagogy/ Curriculum and syllabus •  Teachers’ attitude •  Acquisition of Knowledge •  Education for educators •  Quality educators •  Capital investment for physical and intellectual •  Governance and Management •  Equity and Diversity •  Students’ motivation •  Parental guidance •  Job market •  Improved organizational set up •  Improved institutional practices 10
  11. 11. Education is the deliberate and systematic influence exerted by the mature person upon the immature, through instruction, discipline, and harmonious developmentof physical, intellectual, aesthetic, social and spiritual powers of the human beings. (Erwin, 1991) 11 Education for Human Resource Development
  12. 12. Societal value addition Improved social capital value Human capital Human development Education 12 Education based development model
  13. 13. Expected core values in the future higher education for Myanmar ü  Sustainability ü  Excellence ü  Science and Innovation ü  Learner-centered ü  Development driver and nation builder ü  Public service 13
  14. 14. Impact Points for Education Development Promoting Accessibility Empowering Rural Society Market-oriented Education System International Engagement Political and Economic Capacity Initiative Maximization Lifelong Learning Educational Research for Development Public Private Partnership Sustainable Education Development 14
  15. 15. Development perspectives in education sector Preschool Education Basic Education Higher Education Vocational Education Adult Education Rural Education Lifelong Education Remote and Distant Education User- oriented Education Education Sector Development 15
  16. 16. Education Gap Knowledge Gap Intellectual Gap Economic Gap Social Conflict Current scenario in society 16
  17. 17. No. Department M.Sc holders Ph.D holders Total 1 Department of Agriculture 43 28 71 2 Department of Industrial Crops Development 28 8 36 3 Department of Agricultural Research 18 15 33 4 Department of Agricultural Planning 16 4 20 5 Irrigation Development 15 4 19 6 Yezin Agricultural University 14 39 53 7 Settlement and Land Record Department 10 1 11 8 Water Resource Department 7 - 7 9 Farm Mechanization Department 2 - 2 10 Myanma Agricultural Development Bank 2 - 2   Total 155 99 254 Number of Agricultural Professionals trained abroad (as of October, 2013) Provision of incentive career to professionals is needed. 17
  18. 18. Key messages for education sector development •  Mainstreaming and streamlining •  Prioritization •  Skill building •  Good institutional practices and culture •  Improved interconnectivity •  Well formulated investment strategies •  Sustained political will and supports •  Engagement with stakeholders •  Mindset changes •  Emerging national comprehensive educational development plan •  Professional career planning 18
  19. 19. Urgent needs •  Full organizational strength of education institutions •  Curriculum review and reform for demand side •  Development of campus as well as teaching and learning environment •  SWOT analysis and road mapping •  Equity and Diversity in access to education •  Prioritization and Participatory university comprehensive development plan and bottom up exercise •  University management reform •  Staff development; leadership and management •  Strengthening and effective use of IT in degree and non-degree training programs •  Linking to industry •  Investment strategies 19
  20. 20. Thank You 20

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