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Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt


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Dr. thaung naing oo agroforestry (28.4.2014) edt

  1. 1. AGROFORESTRY AND SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY 2014 ICMCI Asia Pacific Hub Meeting Dr. Thaung Naing Oo Deputy Director Forest Department, Myanmar MICC – Nay Pyi Taw 28-4-2014
  2. 2. ¢ To promote agroforestry & community forestry in mitigating climate change and sustainable green community
  3. 3. Major causes of Climate Change Six Major GHGs (according to Kyoto Protocol 1997) §  Carbon Dioxide-CO2 § Methane CH4 §  Nitrous oxide N2O §  Hydro-Fluro-carbon-HFCs §  Perfluro-carbon-PFCs § Sulphur hexafluoride-SF6 ¢  Greenhouse Gas (GHGs)
  4. 4. CAUSES OF CLIMATE CHANGE: IPCC ASSESSMENT REPORT (2007) Causes of Climate Change Greenhouse Gases from different sources
  5. 5. FOREST AS A CENTRE OF SUSTAINABLE DEVELOPMENT ¢  Recognizing the contributions of CF —  Cash/monetized contributions (timber & NTFPs) —  Non-cash contributions (ecosystem services) —  Employment —  Rural development as pathways out of poverty q Impertinent role of CF in multi-functions v Biodiversity v Climate change mitigation and adaptation v Multiple functions of forests including spiritual and cultural v Food security and livelihood q Cross-sectoral linkages of Forests v Agriculture v Water v Energy v Transport v Mining v Health
  7. 7. COMMUNITY FORESTRY Total Area = 47,992 ha No. of FUG = 745 No. of FUG members = 30,484 (as of 28-2-2014) Ø  Empowerment of people for responsible, productive and sustainable management of local forest resources to meet their needs to stimulate local development. (FAO 2008) Ø  Forestry operations in which the local community itself is involved: —  such as: establishment of woodlots where there is insufficient fuelwood and other products for community use; Planting of trees and exploiting of forest products to obtain food supplies, consumer products and income at farmers level (CFI, 1995)
  8. 8. AGRO-FORESTRY Agroforestry = Agriculture + Forestry + Livestock v Agroforestry is an integrated approach of using the interactive benefits from combining trees and shrubs with crops. v It combines agricultural and forestry technologies to create more diverse, productive, profitable, healthy, and sustainable land-use systems. v Parklands v Shade systems v Crop-over-tree systems v Alley cropping v Strip cropping v Fauna-based systems v Boundary systems v Taungyas v Physical support systems v Agroforests v Wind break and shelterbelt
  9. 9. BENEFITS OF AGROFORESTRY Agroforestry for sustainable green community
  10. 10. BENEFITS OF AGRO-FORESTRY ¢  Reducing poverty through increased production of wood and other tree products ¢  Contributing to food security by restoring the soil fertility for food crops ¢  Cleaner water through reduced nutrient and soil runoff ¢  Countering global warming and the risk of hunger by increasing the number of drought-resistant trees and the subsequent production of fruits, nuts and edible oils ¢  Reducing deforestation and pressure on woodlands by providing farm-grown fuelwood ¢  Through more diverse farm outputs, improved human nutrition ¢  In situations where people have limited access to mainstream medicines, providing growing space for medicinal plants
  11. 11. Agroforestry for sustainable green community v  Agro-silvicultural system v  Silvopastoral System v  Agro-silvopastoral System v  Multipurpose tree plantation system Structural Classification of Agroforestry Systems
  12. 12. Farm Natural Forest Houses User Group Design of Community Forest established by agroforestry methods
  13. 13. Design of Community Forest established by agroforestry methods Trees Crops Houses Farm
  14. 14. 60 ft 60 ft 60ft Design of Agroforestry system 15 Planting trees in boundary of the plot while crops are grown inside
  15. 15. 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 24 ft 18 Design of Agroforestry system Planting trees (24ftx24ft spacing) and crops are grown among the tree spacing
  16. 16. 36 ft 36 ft 36 ft 36 ft 20 Design of Agroforestry system Planting trees (36ftx36ft spacing) and crops are grown among the tree spacing
  17. 17. HOME GARDEN FOR RURAL COMMUNITY DEVELOPMENT Canopy layers % of total Canopy cover Dominant species First layer (< 1 m) 20 % Vegetables and seasonal Flowering plants Second layer (1 – 2 m) 8 % Citrus, Papaya, Guava, banana, Third layer (2 - 5 m) 30 % Avocado, Coffee, Mango Fouth layer (>5m) 42 % Jackfruit, Avocado, dogfruit Thaung Naing Oo, 2006 AGRO-FORESTRY FOR GREEN COMMUNITY
  19. 19. SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY ¢  A "sustainable community" seeks to maintain and improve the economic, environmental and social characteristics of an area so its members can continue to lead healthy, productive, enjoyable lives.
  20. 20. SUSTAINABLE GREEN COMMUNITY ¢  Protect, preserve and restore the natural environment. ¢  Establish true-cost pricing economics. ¢  Support local agriculture and local business products and services. ¢  Develop clustered and multiple-use eco-communities. ¢  Utilize advanced transport, communication and production systems. ¢  Maximize conservation and develop local renewable resources. ¢  Establish recycling programs and recycled materials industries. ¢  Support for environmental education.
  21. 21. Thank you very much!!!!!!